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A Source Book For Ancient Church History by Joseph Cullen Ayer Jr., Ph.D.

INDEX

The Analytical Table of Contents at the opening of this volume should be used to supplement this Index.

Acacius of Constantinople, 526, 536.

Adoptionists, 172.

Advent, second. See |Chiliasm.|

AElia Capitolina, 361.

AEons. See |Gnosticism,| |Basilides,| |Valentinus.|

Africa, North, Church of, 157, 281.
See also |Tertullian,| |Cyprian,| |Donatism,| |Augustine.|

Agape, 41.

Agatho of Rome, 652.

Agde, council of (A. D.506), canons, 616.

Alexander of Alexandria, 300 f., 302.

Alexander of Jerusalem, 207.

Alexandria, catechetical school of, 189-202.

Alexandria, councils of (A. D.320), 304;
(A. D.362), 349-352;
(A. D.430), anathematisms, 505 ff.

Allegorism, or Allegorical Exegesis, 15 f., 120;
Origen on, 199 f.;
Nepos on, 219 f.;
Methodius on, 230;
Augustine on, 442 f.

Alms, as expiation of sin, 48, 169-171.

Ambrose of Milan, reply to Symmachus, 342-346;
epistle to Theodosius, 390 f.;
invocation of saints, 397;
patron of monasticism, 409;
on Fall of Man, 438.

Anastasius, emp., 527, 530, 575.

Anastasius of Rome, condemnation of Origen, 487 f.

Ancyra, council of (A. D.358), 348, 412, 675.

Angels, invocation of, 400.

Anicetus of Rome, 164.

Anointing, 484.

Anthony, hermit, 248-251, 409.

Antioch, council of (A. D.269), 225 ff.;
(A. D.341), creed, 313 f.;
canons, 362-364, 675.

Antioch, school of, 504, 511.

Apelles, 105.

Aphthartodocetism, 553.

Apollinaris the Elder, 334.

Apollinaris of Laodicaea, 354, 494 f., 498.

Apollinarius of Hierapolis, 111.

Apollonius, Antimontanist, 108.

Apologist, 69 ff.;
theology of, 130 ff.

Apostles, 8 ff., 40.

Apostles' Creed, 123-126.

Apostolic Age, 5-12.

Apostolic churches, 111 ff.

Apostolic Fathers, 13.

Apostolic succession, 112-115, 122.

Appeals to Emperor, 359, 370;
to Rome, Sardica on, 364-366;
rescript of Gratian and Valentinian on, 366 f.

Archelaus, 82.

Arian controversy, 297-320, 348-356.

Arianism among the Germans: among the Goths, 426 f.; among the Lombards, 683 f.

Aristides, Apology of, 69-72.

Aristotelian philosophy, 174.

Arius, 269, 293, 299 f.;
epistle to Eusebius of Nicomedia, 302;
Thalia, 303;
confession, 307, 308.

Arles, council of, 289-292.

Artemon, 173.

Asceticism, 46 ff., 105, 248.

Asia Minor, theology of, 30-32, 135-139, 229 ff.

Askidas, Theodore of, 546.

Athanasius, on Sabellianism, 180;
on Dionysius of Alexandria, 223-225;
exile, 308, 310.

Athenagoras, 133.

Audientia Episcopalis, 380, 382 f.

Augustine of Canterbury, 602-605.

Augustine of Hippo, life and conversion, 433-436;
his type of piety, 437;
on Fall of Man and original sin, 438;
predestination, 440;
allegory, 442;
merit, 444;
on baptism, 448;
sacraments, 449;
repression of heresy, 450-453.

Aurelian, emp., 227.

Baptism, 39, 116, 167, 179 f., 184, 186, 213, 231-234, 292, 447 f., 450, 452, 464.

Baptism, rite of, 33, 38, 232, 484 f.

Baptism of heretics, 243, 245-248, 292.

Barbarian invasions, 420-423.

Bardesanes, 54.

Barnabas, epistle of, 14.

Bartholomew, Apostle, 55.

Basil of Caesarea, on Sabellianism, 181;
his charities, 395;
monastic rule, 405;
on tradition, 484;
on reverence shown images, 693.

Basilides the Gnostic, 82 ff., 89, 91, 120.

Basiliscus, emp., Encyclion of, 523-526.

Bede, the Venerable, 566, 569, 603 ff.;
his Penitential, 629 f.

Benedict of Nursia, Rule of, 631-641.

Bishops, apostolic appointment of, 37;
authority of, 31, 41, 42, 237-239, 265-270, 361-364; election of, 556, 580 f.;
State service of, 383 f.;
succession of, 111, 115, 122, 128.

Boniface II of Rome, 473.

Braga, council of (A. D.572), 619.

Britain, Church in, 53, 566-570, 602-614.

Caelestinus, the Pelagian, 455 f., 460.

Caesarius of Arles, 621 f.

Caesaropapism, 552 ff.

Caius of Rome, 8.

Callistus of Rome, 69, 175-177, 186.

Canon. See |Council.|

Canon law, Quinisext Council on, 674-676.

Canon of New Testament, 117 ff., 120, 122 f., 532.

Caracalla, emp., 142 f., 149.

Carthage, councils of (A. D.256), 238;
(A. D.390), 417;
(A. D.418), 463-466.

Cassian, on grace, 467-469;
on secular studies, 646 f.

Cassiodorus, 530.

Cassius, Dio, 11.

Cataphrygians. See |Montanists.|

Cathari. See |Novatians.|

Celestinus of Rome, 374.

Celibacy, laws permitting, 285;
of clergy, 411-418, 676.

Celsus, 55-59, 158.

Celtic Church in British Isles, 566-570.

Cerdo, 102 f.

Cerinthus, 81, 114.

Chalcedon, council of (A. D.451), 511-522.

Character, doctrine of, 452.

Charity, 24, 35, 41, 48, 71 f., 145, 157, 333, 394 ff.

Chastity, 47, 344.

Chiliasm, 25-27, 219-221.

Chorepiscopoi, 364.

Christology. See |Apollinaris,| |Logos,| |Monarchians,| |Monophysites,| |Monotheletes,| |Sabellius.|

Christotokos, Mary as the, 501.

Chrysostom, John, 372, 491 f.

Church, authority of, Augustine on, 454.

Church, organization of, Post-Apostolic age, 36-42.

Church and State, mutual relations, 530, 554.

Circumcelliones, 323.

Classical Literature, Christian use of, 334 ff., 645-648.

Clemens, Flavius, 11 f.

Clement of Alexandria, on Gnosticism, 84, 89, 92, 189; on Greek philosophy, 190;
Christian Gnosticism, 191 ff.

Clement of Rome, 7, 24, 36, 47, 129.

Clergy, distinguished from laity, 167, 181 f.;
exemption from civil burdens, 283 f.;
subjection to bishops, 361.
See |Ordination.|

Clovesho, council of (A. D.747), 611, 621.

Clovis, king, 570-575.

Code, of Justinian, 541;
of Theodosius II, 424.

Coenobites, 405.

Columba, 569.

Columbanus, 585-590.

Commodus, emp., 69.

Confession, auricular, 384 f.;
public, see |Penitential Discipline.|

Constans II, Typos of, 662-664.

Constantine I, Edict of Milan, 263;
fiscal policy, 277-281;
ecclesiastical patronage, 281-285;
repression of heathenism, 285-287;
ecclesiastical policy, 289-296.

Constantinople, councils of (A. D.381), 353, 369, 480; (A. D.382), 359, 498;
(A. D.448), 512 f.;
(A. D.553), 551 f.;
(A. D.681), 665-671;
(A. D.691), 673-679.

Constantinople, see of, 354, 477-480, 521 f.

Constantius, emp., 326-329, 331.

Corinth, church of, 7-9.

Cornelius of Rome, 157, 217.

Councils, ecclesiastical, 110 f., 157, 177, 289;
general, in North Africa, 463;
provincial, 359 f.;
relation of, to secular rulers, 369 f., 580.

Creed, forms approximating to the Apostles', 32, 123-126.

Creeds and confessions of faith, of Gregory Thaumaturgus, 222; of Eusebius of Caeesarea, 305;
of Nicaea (A. D.325), 305;
of Arius, 307;
II Antioch (A. D.341), 313;
IV Antioch (A. D.341), 314;
Nice (A. D.359), 318;
Cyril of Jerusalem, 354;
Epiphanius of Salamis, 355;
Ulfilas, 426;
Antioch (A. D.433), 510.

Cyprian, on almsgiving, 169-171;
on the lapsed, 208-210, 214-217;
on the eucharist, 234-237;
on the episcopate, 237-242;
on the unity of the Church, 240-245;
on baptism by heretics, 245-248.

Cyril of Alexandria, 373, 494, 504;
anathematisms against Nestorius, 505-507, 510, 520, note.

Cyril of Jerusalem, 348, 354.

Cyrus of Alexandria, 520, 660;
formula of union, 661 f.

Dacia, Church in, 53.

Damasus of Rome, 270, 366, 380 f.

Deacon, 35, 37, 41.

Deaconess, 21.

Dead, prayers for, 169, 444 f., 624.

Decius, emp., persecution under, 206-212.

Decretals, Siricius on the force of, 417.

Decretum Gelasii, 532-536.

Demiurge, 90, 96.

Deposition, 230, 363.

Didache, 37, 46.

Dio Cassius, on Domitian persecution, 11.

Diocese, 354, 362, 611, 616-620.

Diocletian, reorganization of the Empire, 257 f.

Diocletian persecution, 258-262.

Diognetus, Epistle to, 28.

Dionysius of Alexandria, 219 f., 223 ff.

Dionysius the Areopagite, 560-564.

Dionysius of Corinth, 9, 24.

Dionysius Exiguus, 530, 611, note.

Dionysius of Rome, 223 ff., 226.

Dioscurus of Alexandria, 511 f.

Discipline, penitential, 42-49, 166 f., 169 f., 183-188, 213, 215 ff., 362, 384 f., 624-630.

Divorce, 169, 391, 393, 612.

Docetism, 32, 92.

Domitian, emp., 7, 11.

Donatus and Donatism, 245, 287 f., 289 ff., 322-325, 445-454.

Dynamistic Monarchianism, 172-175, 221, 225-229, 298.

Easter, worship on, 164.

Easter, controversy as to date, 161-165, 291, 295, 375, 570, 605 ff.

Ecumenical Patriarch, Gregory the Great on the title, 592-595.

Edessa, Christianity in, 54.

Elvira, council of (A. D.309), 386, 415.

Emanations, Gnostic theory of, 85 f., 94 f.

Encratites, 105.

Encyclion. See |Basiliscus.|

Ephesus, church of, 9 ff., 116.

Ephesus, council of (A. D.431), 507-509;
(A. D.449), 512.

Epiphanius of Salamis, 228, 355.

Episcopal courts of arbitration. See |Audientia Episcopalis.|

Episcopate, 237-239.

Epistula pacis, 215.

Eucharist, 18, 21, 30 f., 34, 38, 41, 42, 116, 138 f., 231-237, 449, 622-624.

Eusebius of Caesarea, 8, 305, 309.

Eusebius of Nicomedia, 299, 302, 308, 310.

Eusebius of Rome, 270.

Eustathius, 309, 348.

Eutyches and Eutychian controversy, 511-522.

Evagrius Scholasticus, 274.

Exomologesis, 185.

Extension of Christianity, 18, 52-55, 156-159, 425-429, 566-570, 570-573, 602-605.

Fasting, 33, 38, 48 f., 71, 99, 166, 171, 232, 678.

Felicissimus, 212, 215-217.

Felicitas. See |Perpetua.|

Felix of Aptunga, 291.

Fihrist of An Nadim, on Mani, 252-256.

Filioque, addition of, to the Creed, 577.

Firmilian, epistle of, on Stephen of Rome, 242-245.

Flavian of Constantinople, 512 ff.

Flora, Epistle of Ptolemaeus to, 95-102.

Formula Macrostichos, 180.

Franks, conversion of, 570 ff.

Galen, 174.

Galerius, emp., 260, 262.

Gangra, council of, canons, 386, 413.

Gelasius of Rome, 531, 532-536.

Germans, Christianity among, 53.

Germanic State Church, 579-589.

Gladiatorial combats, abolishment of, 389.

Gnosticism, 50, 75-106, 126 f. See also |Simon,| |Menander,| |Cerdo,| |Basilides,| |Valentinus,| |Ptolemaeus.|

Gospels, 35, 118, 120, 123.

Grace, controversy on. See |Augustine,| |Pelagian Controversy,| |Semi-Pelagian Controversy.|

Gratian, emp., 366.

Gregory of Nazianzus, 353, 496 f.

Gregory of Nyssa, 502 f.

Gregory of Tours, 571 ff., 581 ff.

Gregory Thaumaturgus, 221 f.

Gregory the Great, 388, 590-602.

Hadrian, emp., 153.

Hatfield, council of (A. D.680), 612.

Heathen slanders against Christianity, 61-64.

Heathenism, repression of, 285-287, 320-322, 346 f., 370-374, 557.

Heathenism, revival of, 330-336, 339.

Heathenism in the Church, 396 f., 400 f.

Heliogabalus, emp., religious policy of, 152.

Henoticon of Zeno, 526-529.

Heraclius, emp., 540, 660.

Heraclius, schism of, 270.

Heresy, laws against, 368, 372, 450-453.

Heretics, baptism of. See |Baptism.|

Hermas, 43, 47, 48, 184.

Hertford, council of (A. D.672), 609 ff.

Hierapolis, council of, 110.

Hierarchy, 128 f., 237 f., 360 ff., 562 f.

Hieronymus. See |Jerome.|

Hilary of Poitiers, 316, 319.

Hippolytus, 68, 105, 108, 175-178.

Homoiousian party, rise of, 315-320.

Homoiousios, 316, 319, 348.

Homoousios, 306, 309, 316, 319, 348.

Honorius, emp., 420

Honorius of Rome, 671 f.

Hormisdas of Rome, 536.

Hosius, 299.

Hospitality, 40.

Hylics, 92 f.

Hymns, Christian, 21, 173.

Hypatia, 373.

Hypostasis, 193, 300, 306, 309, 315, 319, 349 ff.

Ibas. See |Three Chapters, controversy on.|

Iconoclasm, 684 ff.

Ignatius of Antioch, 22, 30, 41 f.

Images, controversy on, 684 ff.

Incorruptibility, 136 ff.

India, Christianity in, 55.

Irenaeus, on John, 26;
on Gnosticism, 78-81, 85 f., 92 f.;
on apostolic tradition and churches, 112-114;
on the gospels, 120;
on Apostles' Creed, 123 ff.;
on redemption, 136-138;
on eucharist, 139 f.;
on Easter controversy, 163 f.

Irene, empress, 685.

Istrian schism, 596-600.

Jerome, on fall of Rome, 421-423;
on text of New Testament, 485;
on Origen, 486 f.

Jews, relation of, to the Christians, 14-18.

John, Apostle, death of, 9, 10;
chiliastic teaching, 26 f.;
in Ephesus, 114, 116, 118;
founds order of bishops, 122.

John of Damascus on images, 691-693.

Jovian, emp., 337, 339.

Julia Mammaea, 153 f.

Julian, emp., early life, 325-329;
habits, 329 f.;
opens temples, 330;
his ecclesiastical and religious policy, 330-334;
forbids Christians to teach classics, 334-336.

Julius of Rome, 310;
epistle of, 311;
appeals allowed to, 364.

Justin Martyr, on Jews, 16;
extension of Christianity, 18;
chiliastic views, 27;
on Christian worship, 32-35;
defence of Christianity, 72-75, 135.

Justin I, emp., 540.

Justinian I, emp., 541;
anathematisms against Origen, 542 f.;
Aphthartodocetism, 553 f.;
ecclesiastical legislation, 383, 554-560.

Lactantius, 206.

Lamb as image of Christ, 678 f.

Laodicaea, council of (c. A. D.343), 399 f.

Lapsi, 208-212, 214-217.

Law, Mosaic, Gnostic conception of, 95 ff., 104.

Laws against Christianity, 19-22, 56, 145, 211.

Laws in favor of the Church, 281-285.

Legacy-hunting by clergy forbidden, 381 f.

Legislation, influence of the Church on, 284 f., 385 f.

Leo of Rome, on the Priscillianists, 378;
on auricular confession, 384;
on clerical celibacy, 417 f.;
represents Roman people, 476;
on Petrine prerogatives, 476 f.;
condemns 28th canon of Chalcedon, 478 f.;
on apostolic sees, 480;
his course in Eutychian controversy, 511 f.;
his Tome, 514.

Libellatici, 158, 209 f., 214 f.

Libelli pacis, 187, 215, 292.

Libri poenitentiales, 626-630.

Licinius, emp., 263-265.

Little Labyrinth, 173-175.

Liutprand, king, 659, 686-690.

Logos, 72 f., 130-132, 171, 176, 193 f., 227 ff., 298 f., 304, 313.

Lombard Church, 597 ff., 683 f.

Lombards, 589, 600-602.

Lord's Day, 41, 232, 284.

Lord's Prayer with Doxology, 38.

Lord's Supper. See |Eucharist.|

Lucian of Samosata, 55, 59-61.

Lucian the martyr, 303;
creed of, 313.

Luke, Gospel of, mutilated by Marcion, 103.

Luxeuil, foundation of, 587 f.

Macedonian heresy, 353 f., 524, 552, 666.

Magic among the Gnostics, 80, 87.

Malchion, 225 ff.

Mani and Manichaeanism, 127, 252-256, 372;
laws against, 375, 559 f.;
persecution of, 376;
Augustine on, 454 f.

Marcellus of Ancyra, 310 ff.

Marcia, concubine of Commodus, 69.

Marcian, emp., 510.

Marcion, Gnostic, 103-106, 114, 119, 122.

Marcionites, 127.

Marius Mercator, on Pelagianism, 460.

Mark, Gospel of, 123.

Marriage, Christian, 106, 108, 168 f.;
compared with virginity, 168, 393;
indissolubility of, 43, 169, 392 f., 612;
second, 47, 169, 182.

Martin of Rome, 660.

Martin of Tours, 410, 427 ff.

Martyrdom, 65 f., 66-68.

Martyrs, anniversaries of, 401;
merits of, 167, 187, 212 f.;
intercession of, 399.

Mary, the Virgin, 30, 70, 81;
is Theotokos, 505, 511, 518, 520.

Massilians, 467.

Maximilla, Montanist prophetess, 107 f., 110.

Maximinus Thrax, emp., persecution under, 154 f.

Maximus the Confessor, 660.

Melchizedek, 173.

Meletius and the Meletian schism, 266-270, 293 f.

Meletius, Bishop of Antioch, 349.

Memnon of Ephesus, 504.

Menander, 81.

Merovingian Church, 581 ff.

Methodius of Olympus, his theory of recapitulation, 229 f.; on the resurrection of the body, 230.

Metropolitans, 361, 363 f.

Milan, church of, 596 ff.

Milan, edict of, 263-265.

Minucius Felix, 61-64.

Miracles, Christian, 56, 153.

Mithras, 34, 150 f.

Monarchian controversies, 171-181, 221-229.

Monasteries, subject to bishops, 407.
See also |Monasticism.|

Monastic rules. See |Basil,| |Benedict of Nursia,| |Pachomius,| |Columbanus.|

Monasticism, 248-251, 401-411, 586 ff., 617 f., 630-644.

Monophysite churches, 538 f.

Monophysite controversies, 511-514, 516 f., 522-529.

Monothelete controversy, 516, 539, 652 f., 660-672.

Montanism in the West, 145, 179, 181 f.

Montanus and Montanism, 106 ff., 109 ff., 120, 127, 372.

Moralism and moralistic Christianity, 45 ff., 134, 165 ff.

Morality, Christian, 28, 70 ff., 188.

Morality, double, 46, 48.

Moslems, 653-659.

Muratorian Fragment, 117-120.

Natalius, confessor, 174.

Neo-Platonism, 202-204, 430 ff.

Nepos, schism of, 219-221.

Nero, emp., persecution by, 5-7, 9.

Nestorian controversy, 504-511.

Nestorius, fragments on the doctrine of, 501 f.

New-Nicene Party, 348 f.

Nicaea, council of (A. D.325), 292-295;
creed of, confirmed at Constantinople, A. D.381, 353; canons of, 360-362, 412;
doctrine of, enforced by law, 368;
Goths present at, 425;
(A. D.787), definition of, 694-697.

Nice, Creed of, 318.

Ninian, 569.

Noetus, 109, 175, 178.

Novatian and Novatians, 217, 245, 247, 295 f., 374.

Oak, synod of the, 492.

Oblati, 639, 642.

Oblation, 168.

Offerings, 41.

Optatus, on sacraments and the Catholic Church, 446 f.

Orange, council of (A. D.529), canons of, against Pelagianism, 472-476.

Ordination, of clergy, 41;
of bishops, 239.

Origen, 144, 153;
on eternal generation of the Son, 193;
eternal creation, 194;
pre-existence of souls, 195;
redemption, 196 f.;
universal salvation, 198 f.;
allegorism, 199;
persecution, 206;
martyrdom, 212 f.;
errors of, 486, 489;
condemnation of by Anastasius, 487 f.

Origenistic controversies, first, 483, 486-493;
second, 541 ff.

Original Sin, Augustine on, 438-440;
Pelagius on, 458, 460, 464 f.;
council of Orange, 473-475.

Orleans, council of (A. D.511), 580, 618;
(A. D.541), 618;
(A. D.549), 580, 619.

Orthodoxy, enforcement of, 367, 370.

Ostrogoths, Church under, 529 f.

Ousia distinguished from hypostasis, 348 f.

Pachomius, Rule of, 402-405.

Palladius, bishop in Ireland, 567.

Pallium, 591, 604.

Pantaenus, 55, 189.

Papias, chiliastic ideas of, 25 f.

Paris, council of (A. D.557), 581.

Parish, 616-620.

Patriarchates, 354, 359, 361.

Patrick, Irish missionary, 567-569.

Patripassianism, 125, 175 ff.

Paul, Apostle, death of, 8, 9, 23, 112 f., 116;
epistles of, 68, 103 f., 119, 122.

Paul of Samosata, 221, 225-229.

Paulinus of Antioch, 349.

Paulus Diaconus, 600 ff.

Pelagian controversy, 455-466.

Pelagius, 455;
Augustine on, 456 f.;
statement of position, 457 f.;
epistle to Demetrias, 458-460;
his confession of faith, 461;
condemnation at Carthage, 463-465;
condemnation at Ephesus, 508.

Penances, 626-630.

Penitential discipline. See |Discipline, penitential.|

Pentecost, feast of, 165 f.

Peregrinus Proteus, 59-61.

Perpetua and Felicitas, Passion of, 145-149.

Persecution. See under name of Emperor.

Persia, Christians in, 54.

Peter, Apostle, death of, 8;
at Rome, 9, 23, 112 f., 116, 123.

Peter of Alexandria, 270.

Peter Fullo, 535 f.

Peter Mongus, 535 f.

Petrine authority, 180, 186, 243 f., 447, 477-481, 532.

Philip, Apostle, death of, 11.

Philip the Arabian, emp., religious policy of, 156.

Philippopolis, council of (A. D.343), 364.

Philo Judaeus, 135.

Philosophy, 72 f., 78, 174, 190, 192.

Phocas, emp., 595.

Phrygian heresy, 375. See |Montanism.|

Pictures. See |Icons.|

Plato, 73 f.

Pleroma, Gnostic doctrine of, 90.

Pliny the Younger, epistle to Trajan, 19.

Pneumatics, 93.

Polycarp, 113, 129, 163 f.

Polycrates, 10, 162.

Poor. See |Charity.|

Pope. See |Rome, Bishop of,| also name of individual popes.

Pope, title of, 215, 408, note.

Porphyry, epistle to Marcella, 202-204.

Praxeas, 125 f., 178 f.

Prayer, 33 f., 38, 72, 165, 184.

Prayer, times of, 38, 166.

Prayers to saints, 397-399.

Predestination, 136, 440-442.

Presbyter, 31, 37, 41, 82.

Priscilla, Montanist, 107, 110.

Priscillianists, 375, 378 ff.

Prophecy, argument from Hebrew, 74, 134.

Prophets, Christian, 40 f.

Prosecution of Christians, 20, 66-68.

Pseudo-Dionysius. See |Dionysius the Areopagite.|

Psychics, 92 f.

Ptolemaeus, martyr, 65 f.

Ptolemaeus, 93;
epistle to Flora, 95-102.

Pulcheria, empress, 512.

Quartodecimans, 108.

Quinisext Council (A. D.692), 413-415, 673-679.

Ravenna, exarchate of, 653, 680, 684, 686 ff.

Real Presence, 31, 34, 231, 235.

Reccared, Visigothic king, 575-579.

Redemption, Asia Minor conception of, 136;
Origen's conception, 196 f.

Regula fidei, 125.

Relics, 398.

Remission of sin after baptism, 44, 184.

Resurrection of Christ, 59.

Resurrection of the body, 116, 230.

Rhodon, 104 f.

Robber synod of Ephesus (A. D.449), 512.

Roman government, attitude of, toward Christians, 20-22, 64-69, 142-145, 151-154, 205-208, 258 f.

Rome, appeals to, 364-366.

Rome, bishops of, list of, 113;
election of, 679-683.

Rome, councils of, under Cornelius, 217;
under Julius, 310;
under Martin, 614, 664 f.

Rome, see of, and the Unity of the Church, 240-245.

Rome, see of, authority of, potior principalitas, 113; statement of Siricius on, 416;
causa finita est, 462 f.;
statement of Leo the Great, 480, f.;
of Gelasius, 532.

Rome, see of, separation from the Churches of Asia Minor, 161-165.

Rufinus, 489.

Sabellius and Sabellianism, 180 f., 223 ff., 300, 309, 352, 354.

Sacraments, nature of, 447, 449 f., 564.
See also |Baptism| and |Eucharist.|

Sacrifice of the mass, 622.

Saints, prayers to, 397, 399.

Sardica, council of (A. D.343), canons, 364.

Saturninus, Gnostic, 106.

Schism. See under |Novatian,| |Felicissimus,| |Meletius,| |Heraclius,| |Donatism,| |Istrian.|

Schools, mediaeval, 644, 650 f.

Scilitan Martyrs, 66-68.

Semi-Arians, 316.

Semi-Pelagians, 466-476.

Severus, Alexander, emp., religious policy of, 152 ff.

Severus, Septimius. emp., 141-149.

Simon Magus, 78 f., 103.

Siricius of Rome, decretal of, 415-417.

Sirmium, council and creed of (A. D.357), 316.

Sixtus of Rome, 211.

Slaves, manumission of, 385, 387;
canons on treatment of, 386-388.

Socrates, Greek philosopher, 72 f., 131 f.

Socrates, ecclesiastical historian, 274.

Soter of Rome, 24.

Sozomen, ecclesiastical historian, 274.

Spain, Church in, 53, 158, 575 ff.

Spirit, Holy, 133, 187, 349, 351, 353, 577 ff. See also |Trinity.|

State Church, 356, 358-384, 553-557, 579-585.

Stephen of Rome, 242-245.

Subintroductae, 226, 412.

Suevi, 571, 575, f.

Sulpicius Severus, 410 f., 427 ff.

Sunday, 35, 284.

Sylvester of Rome, 291.

Symbol. See |Creed.|

Symmachus of Rome, 530.

Symmachus, prefect of Rome, 339-342.

Synods. See |Council| and under place-name.

Syria, Christianity in, 54.

Syzygies, Gnostic doctrine of, 90, 94.

Tabenna, first cloister, 402.

Tacitus on Christians, 6.

Tatian, 106 f.

Telemachus, monk, 389.

Temples, destruction of, 372 f.

Tertullian, on extension of Christianity, 52-54;
on Gnostics, 77 f.;
on Marcion, 104;
on apostolic churches, 114-116, 122, 129;
on the creed, 125 f.;
in defence of Christians, 142 f., 145;
on prayer, 165;
on fasting, 166;
on baptism, 167, 232 f.;
on merit, 167 f.;
on marriage, 168 f.;
against Praxeas, 178 f.;
on discipline, 184-188.

Theodelinda, Lombard queen, 597 f.

Theodore of Canterbury, organization of English Church, 609-614; penitential, 627-629;
founds schools, 650.

Theodore of Mopsuestia, his creed, 498-500;
fragments on Christology, 500 f.
See also |Three Chapters.|

Theodoret of Cyrus, 127;
creed, 510.
See also |Three Chapters.|

Theodosius I, ecclesiastical policy, 352 f.;
requires orthodoxy, 367;
represses heathenism, 368;
massacre at Thessalonica, 300 f.;
dynasty of, 420 f.

Theodosius II, issues Theodosian code, 424 f.;
engages in Nestorian controversy, 504, 510;
in Eutychian controversy, 511 f.

Theodotus of Byzantium, 172.

Theodotus the leather-worker, 110, 173 f.

Theopaschites, 523, 541 f.

Theophilus of Alexandria, attacks Chrysostom, 491-493.

Theophilus of Antioch, on Logos doctrine, 132;
on Trinity, 134.

Theotokos, Mary as the, 505, 511, 518, 520.

Three Chapters, controversy on, 544-552;
condemnation of, 551 f.;
schisms resulting from condemnation, 596 ff.

Toledo, council of (A. D.531), on schools, 649;
(A. D.589), conversion of Visigoths, 575-579.

Toleration of Christians by Edict of Milan, 263 ff.

Tradition, 109, 111 ff.;
Basil on, 484.

Traditores, 291 f.

Trajan, emp., epistle to Pliny, 22.

Trinity, 112 ff., 171-181, 222-225, 368.

Trisagion, 541 f.

True Word of Celsus, 56-59.

Typos of Constans II, 662-664.

Ulfilas, 425-427;
his creed, 426.

Unity of the Church, 240-245.

Universal salvation, 198.

Valens, emp., 337, 339.

Valentinian I, emp., 337 ff.

Valentinus, Gnostic, 78, 88-95, 106, 120.

Valerian, emp., persecution under, 205, 210 f.

Vicariate of Arles, 591 f.

Victor of Rome, 162 ff., 174.

Victorinus, philosopher, 431-433.

Vigilantius, 397 ff.

Vigilius of Rome, his Judicatum, 544;
oath to Justinian, 545;
Constitutum, 547-551.

Vincent of Lerins, rule of Catholic faith, 471;
on grace, 472.

Virgin-birth of Jesus, 30, 31.

Virginity compared with marriage, 168, 393 f.

Visigothic Church, 575-579.

Whitby, council of, 605 ff.

Will, freedom of, Theophilus on, 134;
Pelagius on, 457 ff.;
John Cassian on, 469.

Worship, Christian, 21, 32-35, 38 f., 156, 165, 231-237, 578.

Xystus of Rome. See |Sixtus.|

Zeno, emp., Henoticon, 526-529.

Zephyrinus of Rome, 176 f.

Zosimus of Rome, on Pelagius, 463.

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