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At Last by Charles Kingsley


{4} Raleigh's Report of the Truth of the Fight about the Iles of Azores.

{8} Chiroteuthi and Onychoteuthi.

{15a} Cocoloba uvifera.

{15b} Plumieria.

{25a} Anona squamosa.

{25b} A. muricata.

{25c} A. chierimolia.

{25d} A. reticulata.

{26a} Persea gratissima.

{26b} Dioscorea.

{26c} Colocasia esculcuta.

{27a} Dr. Davy's West Indies.

{27b} An account of the Souffriere of Montserrat is given by Dr. Nugent, Geological Society's Transactions, vol. i., 1811.

{28} For what is known of these, consult Dr. Nugent's 'Memoir on the Geology of Antigua,' Transactions of Geological Society, vol. v., 1821. See also Humboldt, Personal Narrative, book v. cap.14.

{33} Acrocomia.

{36} Naval Chronicles, vol. xii. p.206.

{38} Craspedocephalus lanceolatus.

{40} Coluber variabilis.

{43a} Breen's St. Lucia, p.295.

{43b} Personal Narrative, book v. cap.14.

{44} Dr. Davy.

{52a} Ipomaea Horsfallii.

{52b} Spondias lutea.

{58} Desmoncus.

{65} M. Joseph, History of Trinidad, from which most of these facts are taken.

{74} Clitoria Ternatea; which should be in all our hothouses.

{77} Peperomia.

{78a} Sabal.

{78b} Poinziana.

{78c} Pandanus.

{78d} Tecoma (serratifolia?)

{78e} Panicum jumentorum.

{79a} Cecropia.

{79b} Andira inermis.

{79c} Acrocomia sclerocarpa.

{79d} Eriodendron anfractuosum.

{81a} Heliconia Caribaea.

{81b} Lygodium venustum.

{81c} Inga Saman; 'Caraccas tree.'

{81d} Hura crepitans.

{81e} Erythrina umbrosa.

{82a} Caryota.

{82b} Maximiliana.

{83a} Philodendron.

{83b} Calamus Rotangi, from the East Indies.

{83c} Garcinia Mangostana, from Malacca. The really luscious and famous variety has not yet fruited in Trinidad.

{84} Thevetia nerriifolia.

{85a} Clusia.

{85b} Brownea.

{85c} Xylocopa.

{87a} Cathartes Urubu.

{87b} Crotophaga Ani.

{87c} Lanius Pitanga.

{87d} Troglodytes Eudon.

{88} Ateles (undescribed species).

{89} Alas for Spider! She came to the Zoological Gardens last summer, only to die pitifully.

{90} Cebus.

{91a} Cercoleptes.

{91b} Myrmecophaga Didactyla. I owe to the pencil of a gifted lady this sketch of the animal in repose, which is as perfect as it is, I believe, unique.

{91c} Synetheres.

{93a} Helias Eurypyga.

{93b} Stedman's Surinam, vol. i. p.118. What a genius was Stedman. What an eye and what a pen he had for all natural objects. His denunciations of the brutalities of old Dutch slavery are full of genuine eloquence and of sound sense likewise; and the loves of Stedman and his brown Joanna are one of the sweetest idylls in the English tongue.

{93c} Penelope (?).

{93d} Crax.

{95a} Philodendron.

{95b} Bromelia.

{102} Alosa Bishopi.

{103a} Tetraodon.

{103b} Anthurium Huegelii? -- Grisebach, Flora of the West Indies.

{104} Terminalia Catappa.

{106} Pitcairnia?

{107} Hippomane Mancinella.

{110} Thalassia testudinum

{111a} Cephaloptera.

{111b} Steatornis Caripensis.

{115a} Gynerium saccharoides.

{115b} Xanthosoma; a huge plant like our Arums, with an edible root.

{115c} Costus.

{115d} Heliconia.

{115e} Bactris.

{116a} Mimusops Balala,

{116b} Probably Thrinax radiata (Grisebach, p.515).

{117} Geological Survey of Trinidad.

{118a} Jacquinia armillaris.

{118b} Combretum (laxifolium?).

{120a} Eperua falcata.

{120b} Posoqueria.

{120c} Carolinea.

{122a} Ardea leucogaster.

{122b} Anableps tetropthalmus.

{124} Oreodoxa oleracea.

{126} Erythrina umbrosa.

{127} Spigelia anthelmia.

{129a} Carludovica.

{129b} Maximiliama Caribaea.

{129c} Schella excisa.

{131a} Mycetes.

{131b} Cebus.

{131c} Tillandsia

{131d} Philodendron, Anthurium, etc.

{132} It may be a true vine, Vitis Caribaea, or Cissus Sicyoides (I owe the names of these water-vines, as I do numberless facts and courtesies, to my friend Mr. Prestoe, of the Botanic Gardens, Port of Spain); or, again, a Cinchonaceous plant, allied to the Quinine trees, Uncaria, Guianensis; or possibly something else; for the botanic treasures of these forests are yet unexhausted, in spite of the labours of Krueger, Lockhart, Purdie, and De Schach.

{133a} Philodendron.

{133b} Philodendron lacerum. A noble plant.

{133c} Monstera pertusa; a still nobler one: which may be seen, with Philodendrons, in great beauty at Kew.

{133d} Lygodium.

{133e} ( -- -- -- -- -- -?).

{133f} To know more of them, the reader should consult Dr. Krueger's list of woods sent from Trinidad to the Exhibition of 1862; or look at the collection itself (now at Kew), which was made by that excellent forester -- if he will allow me to name him -- Sylvester Devenish, Esquire, Crown Surveyor.

{133g} Vitex.

{133h} Carapa Guianensis.

{133i} Cedrela.

{133j} Machaerium.

{133k} Hymenaea Courbaril.

{133l} Tecoma serratifolia.

{133m} Lecythis.

{133n} Bucida.

{133o} Brosimum Aubletii.

{133p} Guaiacum.

{134a} Copaifera.

{134b} Eriodendron.

{134c} Hura crepitans.

{134d} Mimusops Balata.

{137a} Bactris.

{137b} Euterpe oleracea.

{137c} Croton gossypifolium.

{137d} Moronobea coccinea.

{137e} Norantea.

{137f} Spondias lutea (Hog-plum).

{138a} Desmoncus.

{138b} Heliconia.

{138c} Spathiphyllum canufolium.

{138d} Galbula.

{139a} Dieffenbachia, of which varieties are not now uncommon in hothouses.

{139b} Xanthosoma.

{139c} Calathea.

{139d} Pentaclethra filamentosa.

{139e} Brownea.

{140a} Sabal.

{140b} Ficus salicifolia?

{145} Quoted from Codazzi, by Messrs. Wall and Sawkins, in an Appendix on Asphalt Deposits, an excellent monograph which first pointed out, as far as I am aware, the fact that asphalt, at least at the surface, is found almost exclusively in the warmer parts of the globe.

{148a} Blechnum serrulatum.

{148b} Geological Survey of Trinidad; Appendix G, on Asphaltic Deposits.

{149} Mauritia flexuosa.

{150} American Journal of Science, Sept.1855.

{152} Chrysobalanus Pellocarpus.

{154} Mauritia flexuosa.

{155} See Mr. Helps' Spanish Conquest in America, vol. ii. p.10.

{157} Jambosa Malaccensis.

{158} Oiketicus.

{159} Phytelephas macrocarpa.

{160} Humboldt, Personal Narrative, vol. v. pp.728, 729, of Helen Maria Williams's Translation.

{161a} Costus.

{161b} Scleria latifolia.

{161c} Panicum divaricatum.

{162a} Scleria flagellum.

{162b} Echites symphytocarpa (?).

{164} Ochroma.

{170} Pronounced like the Spanish noun Daga.

{172} See Bryan Edwards on the character of the African Negroes; also Chanvelon's Histoire de la Martinique.

{175} This man, who was a friend of Daaga's, owed his life to a solitary act of humanity on the part of the chief of this wild tragedy. A musket was levelled at him, when Daaga pushed it aside, and said, 'Not this man.'

{176a} People will smile at the simplicity of those savages; but it should be recollected that civilised convicts were lately in the constant habit of attempting to escape from New South Wales in order to walk to China.

{176b} I had this anecdote from one of his countrymen, an old Paupau soldier, who said he did not join the mutiny.

{179} One of his countrymen explained to me what Daaga said on this occasion -- viz., 'The curse of Holloloo on white men. Do they think that Daaga fears to fix his eyeballs on death?'

{184} Sabal.

{186} Panicum sp.

{187a} Inga.

{187b} Ficus.

{192} AEchmaea Augusta.

{194a} Dicoteles (Peccary hog).

{194b} Caelogenys paca.

{195} Dr. Davy (West Indies, art. 'Trinidad').

{202a} Maximiliana Caribaea.

{202b} M. regia.

{204} I quote mostly from a report of my friend Mr. Robert Mitchell, who, almost alone, did this good work, and who has, since my departure, been sent to Demerara to assist at the investigation into the alleged ill-usage of the Coolie immigrants there. No more just or experienced public servant could have been employed on such an errand.

{209} Cassicus.

{216} Asclepias curassavica.

{218a} Hydrocyon.

{218b} Serrasalmo.

{218c} Spathiphyllum cannifolium.

{219a} Pothomorphe.

{219b} Enckea and Artanthe.

{221} Ischnosiphon.

{224} Pithecolobium (?).

{226} Paritium and Thespesia.

{227} Couroupita Guiainensis.

{228} Personal Narrative, vol. v. p.537.

{229} Lecythis Ollaris, etc.

{230} Caryocar butyrosum.

{233} Manicaria.

{245} Pteris podophylla.

{246} Jessenia.

{247} Gulielma speciosa.

{248a} Aspects of Nature, vol. ii. p.272.

{248b} Synetheres.

{249a} Carolinea insignis.

{249b} Montrichardia.

{256a} Manicaria.

{257a} Schleiden's Plant: a Biography. End of Lecture xi.

{259a} Curatella Americana.

{259b} Rhopala.

{259c} Utricularia.

{260a} Drosera longifolia.

{260b} Personal Narrative, vol. iv. p.336 of H. M. Williams's translation.

{262} Personal Narrative, vol. v. p.725.

{265} Carapa Guianensis.

{266a} Feuillea cordifolia.

{266b} Nectandra Rodiaei.

{266c} Manna.

{268} Trigonocephalus Jararaca.

{270} Canavalia.

{274a} Trigonia.

{274b} Tellina rosea.

{274c} Xiphogorgia setacea (Milne-Edwards).

{274d} Cytherea Dione.

{274e} Mactrella alata.

{277a} Boa-constrictor.

{277b} Eunec urnus.

{278} Ardea Garzetta.

{282a} Mycetes ursinus.

{282b} Penelope.

{282c} Myrmecophaga tridactyla.

{282d} Priodonta gigas.

{288} In 1858 they were computed as --

Roman Catholics . . .44,576
Church of England . . .16,350
Presbyterians . . .2,570
Baptists . . .449
Independents, etc. . .239

From Trinidad, its Geography, etc. by L. A. De Verteuil, M.D.P., a very able and interesting book. I regret much that its accomplished author resists the solicitations of his friends, and declines to bring out a fresh edition of one of the most complete monographs of a colony which I have yet seen.

{290} See Mr Keenan's Report, and other papers, printed by order of the House of Commons, 10th August 1870.

{291} See Papers on the State of Education in Trinidad, p.137 et seq.

{297a} Mr. Keenan's Report, pp.63-67.

{297b} Dr. De Verteuil's Trinidad.

{311a} Lucuma mammosa.

{311b} Chrysophyllum cainito.

{311c} Persea gratassima.

{311d} Sapota achras.

{311e} Jambosa malaccensis, and vulgaris.

{311f} Anona squamosa.

{311g} Psidium Guava.

{311h} Musa paradisiaca.

{312a} M. sapientum.

{312b} I owe these curious facts, and specimens of the seeds, to the courtesy of Dr. King, of the Bengal Army. The seeds are now in the hands of Dr. Hooker, at Kew.

{313a} Janipha Manihot.

{313b} Cajanus Indicus.

{313c} Dioscorea.

{313d} Maranta.

{313e} Coix lacryma.

{313f} Xanthosoma.

{313g} Ipomaea Batatas

{313h} Jatropha multifida.

{313i} Canna.

{314a} Arachis hypogaea.

{314b} Abelmoschus esculentus.

{314c} Passiflora.

{314d} Canavalia.

{314e} Libidibia coriacea, now largely imported into Liverpool for tanning.

{314f} Erythrina corallodendron.

{314g} Abrus precatorius.

{314h} Dracaena terminalis.

{318a} Directions for preparing it may be found in the catalogue of contributions from British Guiana to the International Exhibition of 1862. Preface, pp. lix. lxii.

{318b} 'How to Establish and Cultivate an Estate of One Square Mile in Cacao:' a Paper read to the Scientific Association of Trinidad, 1865.

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