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From The Talmud And Hebraica by John Lightfoot

Chapter 45 Emmaus. Kiriath-jearim.

|From Beth-horon to Emmaus it was hilly.| -- It was sixty furlongs distant from Jerusalem. -- |To eight hundred only, dismissed the army, (Vespasian) gave a place, called Ammaus, for them to inhabit: it is sixty furlongs distant from Jerusalem.|

I inquire, whether this word hath the same etymology with Emmaus near Tiberias, which, from the 'warm baths,' was called Chammath. The Jews certainly do write this otherwise...

|The family (say they) of Beth-Pegarim, and Beth Zipperia was out of Emmaus.| -- The Gloss is this; |Emmaus was the name of a place, whose inhabitants were Israelite gentlemen, and the priests married their daughters.|

Josephus, mentioning some noblemen, slain by Simeon the tyrant, numbers one Aristeus, who was |a scribe of the council, and by extraction from Ammaus.| By the same author is mentioned also, |Ananus of Ammaus,| one of the seditious of Jerusalem; who nevertheless at last fled over to Caesar.

Kiriath-jearim was before-time called Baale, 2 Samuel 6:2; or Baalath, 1 Chronicles 13:6. Concerning it, the Jerusalem writers speak thus; |We find, that they intercalated the year in Baalath. But Baalath was sometimes assigned to Judah, and sometimes to Dan. Eltekah, and Gibbethon, and Baaleth; behold, these are Judah.| (Here is a mistake of the transcribers, for it should be written, of Dan, Joshua 19:44.) |Baalah, and Jiim, and Azem, -- behold, these are of Dan| (it should be written, of Judah, Joshua 15:29); |namely, the houses were of Judah, -- the fields of Dan.|

In Psalm 132:6; |We heard of it| (the ark) |in Ephratah| (that is, Shiloh, a city of Ephraim); |we found it in the fields of the wood| (that is, in Kiriath-jearim, 1 Samuel 7:1, &c.).

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