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From The Talmud And Hebraica by John Lightfoot

Chapter 28 The Court of the Gentiles. The Mountain of the House, in the Rabbins.

In the Jewish writers, it is ordinarily called |The Mountain of the house|; or the |Common Court.| Hence is it, that a gate, descending hither from the Court of the Women, is called |The gate whence they go out from the Court of the Women into the Common Court.| Hence the author of Tosaphtoth, |They go out by the gate leading from the Court of the Women into the Common Court. And some vessels of stone were fastened to the wall of the steps going up into the Women's Court, and their covers are seen in the Common Court.|

And that, because hither the heathen might come: |Rabban Gamaliel, walking in the Court of the Gentiles, saw a heathen woman, and blessed concerning her.|

And those that were excommunicated and lamented. |All that entered into the mount of the Temple, enter the right-hand way, and go about: but they go out the left-hand way: except him, to whom any accident happens: for he goes about to the left hand. To him that asks, 'What is the matter with you, that you go about to the left hand?' -- he answers, 'Because I lament': and he replies to him, 'He that dwells in this temple comfort thee.' Or, 'Because I am excommunicated': and to him he replies, 'He that dwells in this house, put it into their heart to receive thee.'|

And not seldom those that are unclean. Yea, he that carries away the scape-goat might enter into the very court, although he were then unclean. |Is he polluted, who is to take away the goat? He entereth unclean even into the court, and takes him away.|

|The greatest space of the Court of the Gentiles was on the south; the next to it, on the east; the third, on the north; but the least space was on the west. Of that place, where the space was greater, the use was greater also.|

In the wall compassing this space were five gates: and within, joining to the wall, were |double galleries| or |halls,| which yielded delightful walks, and defence also from rains.

There was only one gate eastward, and that was called, the Gate of Shushan; because the figure of Shushan, the metropolis of Persia, was engraven in it, in token of subjection. In this gate sat a council of three and twenty. At the gate, on both sides, were shops; and the whole gallery-walk, on this east side, was called |Solomon's porch.|

On the south were two gates, both called the Gate of Huldah: of the reason of the name we are not solicitous. These looked towards Jerusalem, or Acra. The hall or gallery, gracing this south side, was called |The king's walk,| which was trebled, and of stately building.

On the west was the gate Kiponus; haply so named from 'Coponius,' governor of Judea. By this gate they went down into Sion, the bridge and way bending thither.

On the north was the gate Tedi or Teri, of no use: for so is the tradition, |The gate of Tedi on the north was of no use.| On this side was the castle Antonia, where the Romans kept guard; and from hence perhaps might be the reason the gate was deserted.

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