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Sir Gibbie by George MacDonald

Note from John Bechard, creator of this Electronic text.

The following is a list of Scottish words which are found in George MacDonald's |Sir Gibbie|. I have compiled this list myself and worked out the definitions from context with the help of Margaret West, from Leven in Fife, Scotland, and also by referring to a glossary found in a collection of poems by Robert Burns, |Chamber's Scots Dialect Dictionary from the 17th century to the Present| c.1911 and |Scots-English English-Scots Dictionary| Lomond Books c.1998. I have tried to be as thorough as possible given the limited resources and welcome any feedback on this list which may be wrong (my e-mail address is JaBBechard@aol.com). This was never meant to be a comprehensive list of the National Scottish Language, but rather an aid to understanding some of the conversations and references in this text in the Broad Scots. I do apologise for any mistakes or omissions. I aimed for my list to be very comprehensive, and it often repeats the same word in a plural or diminutive form. As well, it includes words that are quite obvious to native English speakers, only spelled in such a way to demonstrate the regional pronunciation.

This list is a compressed form that consists of three columns for word', definition', and additional notes'. It is set up with a comma between each item and a hard return at the end of each definition. This means that this section could easily be cut and pasted into its own text file and imported into a database or spreadsheet as a comma separated variable file (.csv file). Failing that, you could do a search and replace for commas in this section (I have not used any commas in my words, definitions or notes) and replace the commas with spaces or tabs.

Word,Definition,Notes
a',all; every,also have
a' body,everyone; everybody,
a' thing,everything; anything,
aboot,about,
absteen,abstain,
abune,above; up; over,
accoont,account,
accordin',according,
accre,acre,
ae,one,
aff,off; away; past; beyond,
affrontit,affronted; disgraced,also ashamed; shamed afore,before; in front of,
aften,often,
again,against; opposed to,also again
again',against,
agreeable,in agreement; willing,
Ahchan,Achan,reference to Joshua 7
ahin',behind; after; at the back of,
ahint,behind; after; at the back of,
aiblins,perhaps; possibly,
aigles,eagles,
Aigypt,Egypt,
ain,own,also one
aipple,apple,
airm,arm,
airmour,armour,
airms,arms,also coat of arms; crest
airt,quarter; direction; compass point,also art
airthquack,earthquake,
airts,quarters; directions; compass points,
aiss,ashes,
ait,eat,
aiten,eaten,
aith,oath,
aither,either,
aiven,even,
alane,alone,
alloo,allow,
allooin',allowing,
Almichty,Almighty; God,
amids,amidst,
amo',among,
an',and,
ance,once,
ane,one,also a single person or thing
aneath,beneath; under,
anent,opposite to; in front of,also concerning
aneth,beneath; under,
'aneth,beneath; under,
angert,angered; angry,also grieved
anither,another,
anker,liquid measure of 4 gallons,
a'ready,already,
arrenge,arrange,
as lang's,as long as,
as sune's,as soon as,
ashmy,asthma,
'at,that,
at farest,at the farthest,also at the latest
ates,hates,
a'thegither,all together,
a'thing,everything; anything,
'at'll,that will,
'at's,that is,
attreebute,attribute,
atween,between,
'atween,between,
auld,old,
auld langsyne,old days of long ago,also old friendship auld-fashioned,old-fashioned,
auncient,ancient,
Aw,I,also all; owning
awa,away; distant,
awa',away; distant,
awfu',awful,
Awva!,At all!,exclamation of surprise; contempt
ay,yes; indeed,exclamation of surprise; wonder
aye,yes; indeed,
ayont,beyond; after,
bairn,child,
bairnies,little children,diminutive
bairns,children,
baith,both,
bale-fire,any large fire; bonfire,
ballant,ballad; song,
ballants,ballads; songs,
banes,bones,
bannin',cursing; swearing; abuse; scold,
bannock,round flat gridle-baked cake,
Barebanes,bare bones (i.e. death),
barkin',barking,
bawbee,halfpenny,
bealt,festered,
beastie,beast; animal,diminutive to express sympathy or affection becomin',becoming,
beets,boots,
beginnin',beginning,
behaud,withhold; wait; delay,also behold
bein',being,
beirin',bearing; allowing,
belang,belong,
believet,believed,
believe't,believe it,
ben,in; inside; into; within; inwards,also inner room be't,be it,
bethink (oneself),stop to think; reflect,
beuk,book,also Bible
Bible-word,word of honour,
bicker,wooden vessel,
bidden,abided; stayed,
biddin',bidding,
bide,endure; bear; remain; live,also desire; wish
bidena,do not bide; do not stay,
bides,endures; bears; remains; lives,also stays for bield,protection; shelter; cover,
bigg,build,
biggit,built,
bilin',boiling,also the whole quantity
bin',bind,
binna,be not,
birdie,little bird,diminutive
birdies,little birds,diminutive
birk,birch tree,
birks,birch trees,
bit,but; bit,also small; little -- diminutive
blate,over-modest; bashful; shy,
blaw,blow,
blawin',blowing,
bleck,black; smut,also nonplus; perplex
blecks,nonplusses; perplexes,
bledder,bleater; snipe,also foolish or idle talker
bleedin',bleeding,
blessin's,blessings,
blest,blessed,
blether,talk nonsense; babble; boast,
blethers,talks nonsense; babbles; boasts,
blew,blue,
blin't,blinded,
blude,blood,
bluidy,bloody,
boady,body,
boasoms,bosoms,
boatle,bottle (of whisky),
boddom,bottom,
bodies,people; fellows; folk,
bodit,boded,
body,person; fellow,also body
bonnie,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome,
bonniest,best; most beautiful; prettiest,also considerable bonny,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome,
boortree,shrub elder,
bosky,wild; unfrequented,
bossie,large wooden bowl,serving bowl
boucht,bought,
bow-ribbit,bent in the ribs,
brackens,bracken; coarse fern,
brae,hill; hillside; high ground by a river,
brainch,branch,
brainches,branches,
braird,first sprouting of young grain,
brak,break,
brakfast,breakfast,
brakin',breaking,
brander,grating; gridiron; trestle,
bra'ner,grating; gridiron; trestle,
braw,beautiful; good; fine,also lovely (girl); handsome (boy) bray,press; squeeze; push,
bree,brew; whisky; broth; gravy,
breeks,breeches; trousers,
breist,breast,
breistie,little breast,diminutive
breith,breath,
bridle,modify,
brither,brother,
brithers,brothers; fellows,
brocken,broken,
brods,boards; (book covers),
broo,brow; eyebrow,
broom,shrub with bright yellow flowers,
broonie,brownie; benevolent elf,
broonies,brownies; benevolent elves,
brose,water; soup; meal; oatmeal pudding,
broucht,brought,
brunt,burned,
buik,book,also Bible
buiks,books,
bun'le,bundle,
burn,water; stream; brook,
burnie,little stream,diminutive
bursten,burst,
buss,bush; shrub; thicket,
butterflees,butterflies,
buyin',buying,
by ordinar',out of the ordinary; supernatural,also unusual; exceptional byke,hive; swarm; crowd,
byre,cowshed,
byres,cowsheds,
ca',call; name,
ca'd,called,
ca'in,calling,
ca'in',calling,
cairried,carried,
cairries,carries,
cairry,carry,
cairryin',carrying,
caitiff,coward; cowardly,more of an older English word than Scots caller,fresh; refreshing; cool,
cam,came,
cam',came,
camna,did not come,
canna,cannot,
carena,do not care,
carin',caring,
carolled,sang (carols),
cast,thrown off; discarded (clothes),also appearance; aspect; bearing casten,spoilt; worthless; thrown aside; faded,
catched,caught,
caul',cold,
cauld,cold,
caup,small wooden bowl,
caups,small wooden bowls,
'cause,because,
caw,drive; impel; hammer,
cawpable,capable,
'cep,except; but,
'cep',except; but,
certie,of a truth; certainly,
certy,of a truth; certainly,
chaps,knocks; hammers; strikes; raps,
chatterin',chattering,
chaumer,chamber; room; bedroom,
cheek,side; jamb,also cheek
cheemistry,chemistry,
cheenge,change,
cheenged,changed,
cheengin',changing,
cheerie,cheery,
cheese,choose,
chiel,child; young person; fellow,term of fondness or intimacy chield,child; young person; fellow,term of fondness or intimacy chop,shop; store,
chopdoor,shop door,
claes,clothes; dress,
clan,group; class; coterie,
clappers,door knockers; rattles,
clean,altogether; entirely,also comely; shapely; empty; clean cleansin',cleansing,
cled,clothed; clad,
cleed,clothe; shelter,
clim',climb,
cloaset,(prayer) closet,
cloods,clouds,
cloot,clout; box (ear); beat; slap,also patch; mend closed,enclosed,
closet,room; bedroom,
coaties,children's coats or petticoats,
cobblin',cobbling; shoemaking,
cock-crawin',crowing of the cock,
coffer,legacy of wealth; fortune,
colliginer,college student,also college boy
colloguin',associating; conspiring; plotting,
Come awa' ben.,Come on in.,
Come yer wa's in.,Come on in.,
comena,do not come,
comin',coming,
concernt,concerned,
condescendin',condescending,
conduckit,conducted,
conneckit,connected,
consaive,conceive,
considert,considered,
consortit,consorted,
contentit,contented,
contrar',contrary,
coo,cow,
cooard,coward,
cooards,cowards,
coontenance,countenance,
coorse,coarse,also course
cottar,farm tenant; cottager,
cottars,farm tenants; cottagers,
couldna,could not,
couples,rafters,
coverin',covering,
cowt,colt,
crap,top part,
crap o' the wa',natural shelf between wall and roof, cratur,creature,
craturs,creatures,
craw,crow; rook (types of birds),
craws,crows,
creepie,(three legged) stool,a child's chair
creepin',creeping; crawling,
creepit,crept; crawled,
crook,hooked iron chain inside a chimney,for hanging cooking pots on cry,call; summon,
cud,could,
cudna,could not,
cunnin',cunning,
curriet,curried; dressed,
cursit,cursed,
cuttit,cut; harvested,
cweentry,country,
cwite,coat,
dacency,decency,
dacent,decent,
dale,deal; fir- or pinewood plank,
dammin',damming; condemning,
damps,coal-pit gases,
dang,knock; bang; drive,also damn
daud,blow; strike; abuse,
daudit,buffeted; struck,
dauner,stroll; saunter; amble,
daur,dare; challenge,
daured,dared; challenged,
daurin,daring; challenging,
daurin',daring; challenging,
daurna,dare not; do not dare,
daursay,dare say,
Dawvid,David,
dearie,sweetheart; darling,
deavt,deafened,
dee,do,also die
deed,died,also deed; indeed
'deed,indeed,
dee'd,died,
deein',doing,also dying
deen,done,
deene,done,
dee't,do it,
deevil,devil,
deevilry,devilry,
deevils,devils,
defilin',defiling,
deid,dead,
deif,deaf,
deil,devil,
deils,devils,
deith,death,
delicht,delight,
dementit,demented; mad; crazy,
dene,done,
denner,dinner,
denner-time,dinner time,
denyin',denying,
dertin',darting,
despisin',despising,
deuk-quack,duck quack,
deuks,ducks,
dictionar',dictionary,
didna,did not,
differ,difference; dissent,also differ
din,sound; din; report; fame,
dingin',overcoming; wearying; vexing,also driving; dashing dings,overcomes; wearies; vexes,also drives; dashes dinna,do not,
dinna fling the calf efter the coo,do not give up,also don't throw the baby out with the bath water
dirt,worthless persons or things,term of contempt
dis,does,
disappint,disappoint,
discoorse,discourse,
disna,does not,
dissiples,disciples,
dis't,does it,
div,do,
dod!,God! (exclamation),
doggie,little dog,diminutive
doin',doing,
doobt,suspect; know; doubt,have an unpleasant conviction doobtin',suspecting; knowing,also doubting
doobtless,doubtless,
doobtna,do not suspect; do not know,also does not doubt doobts,suspects; knows,also doubts
dooms,extremely; exceedingly; very,
doon,down,
doon',down,
door-cheek,door-post; threshold; doorway,
door-sill,threshold,
doos,doves,
dos,does,
do't,do it,
douce,gentle; sensible; sober; prudent,
doup,bottom; backside; buttocks,
draigon,dragon,reference to Revelation 12-13
draigons,dragons,
dram,glass of whisky,
drap,drop; small quantity of,
drappit,dropped,
drappy,little drop; a little (liquor),diminutive
drawin',drawing,
drear,dreary; dreariness; tedium,
dree,endure; undergo; suffer,also fear
dree my weird,undergo my doom,
dreemt,dreamed,
dreid,dread,
dreidfu',dreadful; dreadfully,
drinkin',drinking,
dronin',droning,
drookit,drenched; soaked,
droon,drown,
droonin',drowning,
droont,drowned,
drop,drop-shaped (earring),also drop
drouth,thirst; dryness,also drought
drouthie,thirsty; dry,
drucken,drunken; tipsy,
du,do,
duds,clothes; rags; tatters,
duin',doing,
dulse,type of edible seaweed,
dummie,little mute person,diminutive
dune,done,
dyke,wall of stone or turf,
dykes,walls of stone or turf,
ear,early,
ear',early,
ee,eye,
e'e,eye,
eedit,heeded,
een,eyes,
e'en,even; just; simply,also eyes; evening
eese,use,
efter,after; afterwards,
else,otherwise; at another time; already,
Embrough,Edinburgh,
en',end,
endeevour,endeavour,
endeevourin',endeavouring; trying,
eneuch,enough,
enstance,instance,
er,ere; before,
er',ere; before,
ettle,reach; intend; purpose; aim,also aspire; attempt even,even; compare; equal,
ever,before,also ever
ever-mair,ever more,
exemple,example,
expeckit,expected,
fa',fall; befall,
failt,failed,
faimily,family,
fain,eager; anxious; fond,also fondly; gladly
fa'in',falling,
fallow,fellow; chap,
fallow-feelin',mutual feeling,
fan',found,
fan't,found it,
fa'ntit,fainted,
fardin',farthing,
faulds,folds,
fause,false,
fau't,fault; blame,
fauvour,favour,
fawvour,favour,
feared,afraid; frightened; scared,
fearfu',fearful; easily frightened,
fearsome,terrifying; fearful; awful,
feart,afraid; frightened; scared,
feathert,feathered,
fecht,fight; struggle,
fechtin',fighting; struggling,
feck,value; worth; advantage,also abundance; majority fee,hire oneself out,
feel,foolish,also fool
fegs!,truly!; really!; goodness!,mild oath; exclamation of surprise fell,very; potent; keen; harsh; sharp,intensifies; also turf fell-dyke,wall made of layers of sod,
fellow-cratur,fellow creature,
fells,sods,
feow,few,
fess,fetch,
fest,fast,
fey,doomed (to death),
fillit,filled,
fin',find; feel,
fin'in',finding; feeling,
fin'on haddie,smoked haddock,
firin',firing; heating,
fit,foot; base,also fit; capable; able
fittin',fitting,
flax,flax; wick,
flee,fly (insect),
fleers,floors,
fleg,blow; kick; stroke,also scare; frighten
fleggin',blowing; kicking; stroking,also scaring; frightening fleggit,blew; kicked; stroked,also scared; frightened flegs,blows; kicks; strokes,also scares; frightens
fleyt,terrified; frightened,
fling,kick; throw,
fling't,kick it; throw it,
flit,shift; remove; depart,
flitted,shifted; removed; departed,
flittin',shifting; removing; departing,
flure,floor,
forby,as well; as well as; besides,also over and above forgie,forgive,
forgiein',forgiving,
forgi'en,forgiven,
forgifness,forgiveness,
forkit,forked,
for's,for his,
for't,for it,
foucht,fought,
fowk,folk,
fowth,plenty; abundance; full measure,
frae,from,
frank,generous; lavish,also generously
fricht,frighten; scare away,also fright
frichtit,frightened; scared away,
fule,fool,
fules,fools,
fulfillt,fulfilled,
fundation,foundation,
fun't,founded,
fut,foot,
gae,gave,
gaed,went,
gaein',going,
'gain,by; nearly; almost,
gairdens,gardens,
gait,way; fashion,also route; street
gaits,ways,also routes; streets
ga'le,gable,
gane,gone,
gang,go; goes; depart; walk,
gang yer wa's,go on,
gangin',going; walking,
gar,cause; make; compel,
garred,made; caused; compelled,
gars,makes; causes; compels,
gar't,made; caused; compelled,
gat,got,
gauin,going,
gauin',going,
gear,possessions; money; property,also livestock
geese,goose,
German Ocean,,old reference to the English Channel & North Sea gerse,grass,
gether,gather,
gey,fairly; considerable,
geyan,considerably; somewhat; rather,
ghaist,ghost; soul; spirit,
ghem,game (hunted animal),
gie,give,
gied,gave,
giein,giving,
giein',giving,
gien,if; as if; then; whether,also given
gien't,if it,
gies,gives,
gie't,give it,
gin,if; as if; then; whether,
girdle,griddle for baking scones,iron disc
girnels,granaries; meal-chests,
glaid,glad,
glaiss,glass,
glaisses,glasses,
glamour,spell; charm; enchantment,
glaur,mud; slime; ooze,
gleg,quick; lively; smart; quick-witted,
glimp,glimpse; glance,also the least degree
glintin',twinkling; glittering,
gloamin',twilight; dusk,
gloaming,twilight; dusk,
gnerlet,gnarled,
goodman,master; husband; head of household,also farmer gowans,daisies,
gowany,flowered with daisies,
gowd,gold,
gowk,cuckoo; fool; blockhead,
gowkit,foolish; silly,
gowks,cuckoos; fools; blockheads,
graivelly,gravely,
gran',grand; capital; first-rate,
gran'est,grandest,
gran'father,grandfather,
green bree,cesspool,also stagnant pool by a dunghill greitin',crying; weeping,
grenite,granite,
gret,great,
grief,grieve,
grip,grasp; understand,
grippit,grasped; understood,
growin',growing,
growlin',growling,
grue,feeling of horror; tremor,also tremble
grum'lin',grumbling,
grup,grip; grasp,
gruppit,gripped; grabbed,
gudeman,master; husband; head of household,also farmer guid,good,also God
guid-hertit,good-hearted,
guidit,treated; handled; managed,
guiss,guess,
guissin',guessing,
haddie,haddock,
hadna,had not,
hae,have; has,
hae a news,talk; gossip,
haein,having,
haein',having,
haena,have not,
hae's,have his,
hae't,have it,
haill,whole,
hairm,harm,
Haith!,Faith!,exclamation of surprise
haithen,heathen,
haithenish,heathenish,
haiven,heaven,
haiver,talk nonsense; babble,
hale,whole,
half-hoor,half-hour,
hame,home,
han',hand,
hang,hanged,also made
hangin',hanging,
hangt,hanged,
hanks,rope; coil; skein of cotton,
han'le,handle,
han's,hands,
hantle,much; large quantity; far,
hap,cover; wrap; shield,
h'ard,heard,
hark,listen,
harns,brains,
hasna,does not have,
haud,hold; keep,
hauden,held; kept,
haudin',holding; keeping,
hauds,holds; keeps,
haugh,river-meadow,
hause,neck; throat,
h'aven,heaven,
hawpy,happy,
haymows,large haystacks,
heap,very much,also heap
hearin',hearing,
hearken,hearken; hear; listen,
hearkenin',hearkening; listening,
hearkent,hearkened; heard; listened,
hear't,hear it,
hearten,encourage,
Hech!,Oh! strange!,a sighing exclamation
hed,had,
hedna,had not,
heedna,heed not; do not heed,
heicht,height,
heid,head; heading,
heids,heads; headings,
heigh,high,
he'll,he will,
helpin',helping,
helpit,helped,
hen-scraich,chicken cackle,lit. chicken scream
her,she,also her
herd,herd-boy; cow-boy,also herd
hermony,harmony,
hersel',herself,
hert,heart,
her't,it to her,
hertenin',enheartening; encouraging,
hertless,heartless,
herts,hearts,
herty,heartily; hearty,
he'rty,heartily; hearty,
hicht,height,
hid,had,also hid
hield,held,
hillie,little hill,diminutive
himsel',himself,
hin',hind; backside,
hin' side afore,back to front; backwards,
hing,hang,
hingin',hanging,
hings,hangs,
hirplin,limping; hobbling,
his,has,also his; us (emphatic)
hit,it,emphatic
hiz,us,emphatic
hoarible,horrible,
hoo,how,
hoor,hour,
hoors,hours,
hoose,house,
hoosemaid,housemaid,
hooses,houses,
hoosie,little house,diminutive
hoot,pshaw,exclamation of doubt or contempt
hoots,pshaw,exclamation of doubt or contempt
hose,stocking,
houff,haunt; den; public house,
houp,hope,
how,hollow; valley; glen,
hum'le,hornless; fingerless,
hun'ers,hundreds,
hungerin',hungering; hungry,
hunger-like,shrivelled; lacking nutrients,
hungert,starved,
hurtin',hurting,
hurtit,hurt,
hyne,far (away),also hence; late
i',in; into,
I doobt,I know; I suspect,
I wat,I know; I assure (you),
idleseat,idleness; frivolous amusement,also laziness idleset,idleness; frivolous amusement,also laziness ilk,every; each,also common; ordinary
ilka,every; each,also common; ordinary
ill,bad; evil; hard; harsh; badly,also misfortune; harm 'ill,will,
ill-fauredest,most unbecoming or ill-mannered,
ill-guideship,mismanagement; ill-treatment,
ill-guidit,mismanaged; ill-treated,
'im,him,
imaigine,imagine,
immorawlity,immorality,
in atween,in the meantime; between,
informt,informed,
ingle-neuk,chimney-corner or recess; fireside,
in's,in his,
inten',intend,
inten'it,intended,
intil,into; in; within,
intill,into; in; within,
intill't,into it,
intil's,into his; into us,
intil't,into it,
inveet,invite; invitation,
inveetit,invited,
ir,are,
'is,his,
I's awa.,I'm off.; I'd better go.,
Ise,I shall,
isna,is not,
is't,is it,
i'stead,instead,
ither,other; another; further,
'ithin,within,
it'll,it will,
itsel',itself,
jabble,ripple; small broken waves,
jaws,billows; splashes; surges; waves,
Jeames,James,
jeedge,judge,
jeedgin',judging,
Jerooslem,Jerusalem,
jine,join,
jints,joints,
jist,just,
j'ists,joists,
jography,geography,
jokin',joking,
jooggy,jigger; shot (of whisky),
justifeed,justified,
kail-wife,woman who sells colewort,also female greengrocer kaimbt,combed,
keepin',keeping,
keepit,kept,
keerious,curious,
ken,know; be acquainted with; recognise,
kenna,do not know,
kenned,known; knew,
kennin',knowing,
kens,knows,
kenspeckle,conspicuous,easily recognised from some peculiarity kent,known; knew,
ken't,know it,
killt,killed,
kin',kind; nature; sort; agreeable,also somewhat; in some degree kin'ness,kindness,
kirk,church,
kirkyaird,churchyard,
kirkyard,churchyard,
kist,chest; coffer; box; chest of drawers,
knicht,knight,
koft,bought,
kye,cattle; cows,
laad,lad; boy,term of commendation or reverence
laads,lads; boys,term of commendation or reverence
laddie,boy,term of affection
laddies,boys,term of affection
lads,boys,term of commendation or reverence
laidders,ladders,
laird,landed proprietor; squire; lord,
lairick,larch (type of tree),
lairt,stuck fast (e.g. in a bog),
laith,loath; unwilling; reluctant,
laithly,loathsome; foul; repulsive,
Laitin,Latin,
lan',land; country; ground,
lane,lone; alone; lonely; solitary,
lanes,lone; alone,
lang,long; big; large; many,also slow; tedious
langer,longer,
lang's,long as,
langsyne,ancient; (old) times; long ago,
lan's,lands; estates,
lass,girl; young woman,term of address
lasses,girls; young women,
lassie,girl,term of endearment
lat,let; allow,
lat gang to dirt an' green bree,let go to pot; let go to ruin, lat's,let's; let us; let his,
latten,let; allowed,
lattin',letting; allowing,
lauch,laugh,
lauchin',laughing,
lave,rest; remainder; others,also leave
laverock,lark (type of bird),
lawfu',lawful,
layin',laying,
lea',leave,
lear,learning; education; lore,also teach
learn,learn,also teach
learnin',learning,also teaching
learnt,learned,also taught
leddies,ladies,
leddy,lady,also boy; lad; laddy
lee,pasture; fallow ground,also shelter from wind or rain lee'd,lied; told lies,
lees,lies,
leest,least,
leeve,live,
leevin',living; living being,
leevit,lived,
leeward,towards the grassland,also towards the sheltered side len',lend; give; grant,also loan
len'th,length,
leuk,look; watch; appearance,
licht,light,
lichtin',lighting,
lickit,thrashed; punished; struck,
lift,load; boost; lift; helping hand,also sky; heavens like,like; likely to; looking as if to,also as it were; as if likesna,does not like,
likin',liking,
likit,liked,
liltin',singing softly; humming,
lingelt,fastened; fettered; hobbled,
lippen,trust; depend on,also look after
livin',living,
'll,will,
loch,loch; lake,
lodd,loaded,
lo'denin',loading,
lo'dent,loaded,
lo'e,love,
lo'esome,loveable; lovely; winsome,
lood,loud,
lookin',looking,
loon,rascal; rogue; ragamuffin,also boy; lad
loons,rascals; rogues; ragamuffins,also boys; lads
loot,let; allowed; permitted,
Losh!,corrupt form of 'Lord',exclamation of surprise or wonder low,flame,
lowin',flaming,
lowse,loose; free,also dishonest; immoral
lowsed,loosened; let loose; freed,
lucifer spunks,Lucifer-matches,
lucky,old woman,
lug,ear; fin (fish),also shallow wooden dish
luggin',lugging,
lugs,ears,
luik,look,
luikin',looking,
luikit,looked,
luiks,looks,
lum,chimney,
lyin',lying,
lythe,shelter,
'm,him,
mainner,manner,
mainners,manners,
mainteen,maintain,
mair,more; greater,
mairtins,martins (type of bird),
maist,most; almost,
'maist,almost,
maister,master; mister,
maistly,mostly; most of all,
maitter,matter,
maitters,matters,
mak,make; do,
mak',make; do,
makin',making; doing,
maks,makes; does,
mankin',mankind,
mappies,young rabbits,diminutive
maun,must; have to,
maunna,must not; may not,
mavis,thrush; song-thrush (type of bird),
mayhap,perhaps; maybe,
mayna,may not,
mealock,crumb (e.g. of oatcake),
meanin',meaning,
meen,moon,
meenute,minute,
meeserable,miserable,
meesery,misery,
meetin',meeting,
mem,Ma'am; Miss; Madam,
mendit,mended; healed,
menseless,ill-bred; boorish; unmannerly,
mentionin',mentioning,
mercifu',merciful; favourable,
merriage,marriage,
merry,marry,also merry
merryin',marrying,
mervel,marvel,
mervellous,marvellous,
mesel',myself,
me't,it to me,
micht,might,
michtna,might not,
michty,mighty; God,
midden,dunghill; manure pile,
midge,midge; gnat; mosquito,
mids,midst; middle,
miltin',melting,
min',mind; recollection,also recollect; remember
mincin',mincing,
minnin,minnow,
minnister,minister,
min's,minds; reminds; recollects,
mint,aimed at; intended to; attempted,
mintit,minded; remembered,
mirricle,miracle,
mischeef,mischief; injury; harm,
misguidit,wasted; mismanaged; ill-used,
mistak,mistake,
mither,mother,
mony,many,
moo,mouth,
moo',mouth,
moo'fu's,mouthfuls,
mornin',morning,
mornin's,mornings,
motes,motes; specks; crumbs,reference to Matthew 7:3-5 mou'fu',mouthful,
moul',mould; loose earth; top soil,
mould,mould; loose earth; top soil,
muckle,huge; enormous; big; great; much,
mune,moon,
muntains,mountains,
murderin',murdering,
muv,move; affect,
My certie!,Take my word for it!,
My certy!,Take my word for it!,
my lane,on my own,
mysel,myself,
mysel',myself,
na,not; by no means,
nae,no; none; not,
nae wise,nowise; in no way,
naebody,nobody; no one,
naegait,in no wise; nowhere; in no way,
naething,nothing,
naither,neither,
naitral,natural,
nait'ral,natural,
nane,none,
nat'ral,natural,
natur,nature,
natur',nature,
near han',nearly; almost; near by,
nearhan',nearly; almost; near by,
necessar',necessary,
neebour,neighbour,
needcessity,necessity; state of need,
needfu',needful; necessary; needy,
needna,do not need; need not,
neepers,neighbours,
negleckit,neglected,
neiper,neighbour,
neist,next; nearest,
nepkin,large handkerchief,
nestie,little nest,diminutive
'neth,beneath; under,
neuk,nook; recess; interior angle,
news,talk; gossip,
nicht,night; evening,
nichts,nights,
nick,score; mark (as signature),also cut
nickum,mischievous and tricky boy,
niffer,exchange; barter,
nigher,nearer; closer,
nipperty,mincing; affected,
no,not,
no',not,
noo,now,
nor,than; although; if,also nor
nor'-easter,north-east wind,
notwithstan'in',notwithstanding,
noucht,nothing; not,
nowt,cattle; oxen,
o',of; on,
obleeged,obliged,
obligatit,obligated; obliged,
o'er,over; upon; too,
offerin',offering,
ohn,without; un-,uses past participle not present progressive ohn expeckit,unexpected,
on't,on it,
ony,any,
onybody,anybody; anyone,
onything,anything,
oogliest,ugliest,
oogly,ugly,
ook,week,
ooks,weeks,
oolets,owls,
oonprovidit,unprovided,
oor,our,
oor lanes,on our own,
oors,ours,
oorsel's,ourselves,
oot,out,
ootcast,outcast,
or,before; ere; until; by,also or
ordinar',ordinary; usual; natural,also custom; habit orra,odd job (man),also idle; having no settled occupation o't,of it,
ou,oh,
oucht,anything; all,also ought
ow,oh,exclamation of surprise
ower,over; upon; too,
owershot,very fast; racing; exploding,also excess
owre,over; upon; too,
owse,ox,
oye,grandchild; grandson; nephew,
pairt,part,
pairts,parts,
pale,pointed piece of wood for fencing,
paling,fence of pales,
passin',passing; occasional,
pastern,ankle (between hoof and fetlock),
pasturs,pastures,
pat,put; made,
pawkiness,shrewdness; cunning,
peelt,skinned,
peeramid,pyramid,
peetied,pitied,
peety,pity,
percaution,precaution,
perfec',perfect; thorough; utter,
perfeckly,perfectly; thoroughly; utterly,
perplexin',perplexing,
perris,parish,
persuaudit,persuaded,
perswaud,persuade,
perswaudin',persuading,
perswaudit,persuaded,
pey,pay,
peyed,paid,
peyin',paying,
pit,put; make,
pitawtas,potatoes,
pits,puts; makes,
pitten,put; made,
plaguit,plagued; troubled,
plet,plate; dish,
plooed,ploughed,
plottin',plotting; planning,
ploy,amusement; sport; escapade,
poassible,possible,
pooch,pocket; pouch,
pooer,power,
poun',pound (sterling),
practeesed,practised,
prankit,played tricks on,also played fast and loose with prayin',praying,
prayt,prayed,
preachin',preaching,
preacht,preached,
prech,preach,
precher,preacher,
pree,taste; try; prove; experience,
preevileeges,privileges,
prentit,printed,
press,wall-cupboard with shelves,
press-bed,box-bed with doors,
prest,pressed,
preten'it,pretended,
priestie,little priest,diminutive
pris'ner,prisoner,
prood,proud,
provokin',provoking,
pruv,prove,
pruv't,proven; proved,
pu',pull,
puckle,small quantity; granule,
puir,poor,
pump,beer-shop,also pump
putten,put,
pyke,pick; pluck,
quaiet,quiet,
quaiet sough,quiet tongue,
quaietest,quietest,
quaitet,quieted; silenced,
quest'ons,questions,
quo',swore; said; quoth,
railly,really,
raither,rather,
rale,real; true; very,
randy,rough; wild; riotous,also coarse-tongued; abusive rant,make merry; revel,
rase,rose,
rave,tore,
rax,extend; overdo it; stretch,
raxed,extended; overdone it; stretched,
reacht,reached,
readin',reading,
red,rid; free,
redd,set in order; tidy; clean,
reef,roof,
refar,refer,
refeese,refuse,
reid,red,
reik,smoke; vapour,
releast,released,
repentit,repented,
reyn,rein,
richt,right; correct,also mend
richtly,certainly; positively,
ridic'lous,ridiculous; unseasonable (weather),
riggin',ridge; roof,
rigs,ridges (in a ploughed field),
rin,run,
rinnin',running,
rins,runs,
rintherroot,gadabout; homeless vagrant; tramp,
risin',rising,
rist,rest,
ristet,rested,
rizon,reason,
roamin',roaming,
roarin',roaring,
ro'd,road; course; way,
roomie,little room,diminutive
roon',around; round,
rottan,rat,
rouch,rough,
roun,whisper,
roun',around; round,
rovin',roving,
rowtin',bellowing; roaring; lowing,
rucks,ricks; (hay)stacks,
run k-nots,slip knots (that can not be untied),
runkle,wrinkle; crease,
's,us; his; as; is,also has
s',shall,
sab,sob,
sae,so; as,
safe,safely,also safe
safity,safety,
sair,sore; sorely; sad; hard; very; greatly,also serve sairer,harder; sadder; sorer,
saitisfee,satisfy,
saiven,seven,
sall,shall,
san',sand,
sang,song,
sangie,little song,diminutive
sangna,did not sing,
sangs,songs,
sangy,little song,diminutive
sankna,did not sink,
sarious,serious,
sark,shirt,
sattle,settle,
sattled,settled,
saugh,sallow; willow (type of tree),
saven,wise; knowledgeable,
savet,saved,
savin',saving,also except
Sawbath,Sabbath; Sunday,
sawmon,salmon,
sawna,did not see,
saw't,saw it,
Sawtan,Satan,
saxpence,sixpence,
sayin',saying,
says't,says it,
say't,say it,
'scape,escape,
scatter't,scattered,
schuil,school,
schuilin',schooling; education,
schuilmaister,schoolmaster,
schuilmaisterin',school mastering; teaching,
scomfished,suffocated; smothered; choked,
scoorin',scampering,
scornin',mocking; ridiculing,
Scotlan',Scotland,
scrape,scrape; shave,
scrattit,scratched; dug,
scrimp,stunted; sparing; scanty,also short in weight or measure scriptur',Scripture,
scunner,disgust; disgusting; revolting,
scunnerfu',disgusting; loathsome; sickening,
seein',seeing,
seemile,simile,
seemin',seeming,
seener,sooner,
see't,see it,
sen',send,
set,set out; start off; become,
set doon Bony an' set up Louy,lowers one; exalts another,Psalm 75:7 setna,do not set,
Setterday,Saturday,
Setterdays,Saturdays,
settin',setting,
settisfaction,satisfaction,
shaidow,shadow,
shal't,shelled,
shaw,show; reveal,also grove
shee,shoe,
sheen,shoes,
sherp,sharp,
shillin',shilling,
shillin's,shillings,
shirra,sheriff,
shirra',sheriff,
shoothers,shoulders,
shot,speed; blasting; heavy breakers (sea),a

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