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On The Flesh Of Christ - Tertullian

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Chapter I.--The General Purport of This Work The Heretics, Marcion, Apelles, and Valentinus, Wishing to Impugn the Doctrine of the Resurrection, Deprive Christ of All Capacity for Such a Change by Denying His Flesh.

Chapter II.--Marcion, Who Would Blot Out the Record of Christ's Nativity, is Rebuked for So Startling a Heresy.

Chapter III.--Christ's Nativity Both Possible and Becoming The Heretical Opinion of Christ's Apparent Flesh Deceptive and Dishonourable to God, Even on Marcion's Principles.

Chapter IV.--God's Honour in the Incarnation of His Son Vindicated Marcion's Disparagement of Human Flesh Inconsistent as Well as Impious. Christ Has Cleansed the Flesh. The Foolishness of God is Most Wise.

Chapter V.--Christ Truly Lived and Died in Human Flesh Incidents of His Human Life on Earth, and Refutation of Marcion's Docetic Parody of the Same.

Chapter VI.--The Doctrine of Apelles Refuted, that Christ's Body Was of Sidereal Substance, Not Born. Nativity and Mortality are Correlative Circumstances, and in Christ's Case His Death Proves His Birth.

Chapter VII.--Explanation of the Lord's Question About His Mother and His Brethren Answer to the Cavils of Apelles and Marcion, Who Support Their Denial of Christ's Nativity by It.

Chapter VIII.--Apelles and His Followers, Displeased with Our Earthly Bodies, Attributed to Christ a Body of a Purer Sort. How Christ Was Heavenly Even in His Earthly Flesh.

Chapter IX.--Christ's Flesh Perfectly Natural, Like Our Own None of the Supernatural Features Which the Heretics Ascribed to It Discoverable, on a Careful View.

Chapter X.--Another Class of Heretics Refuted They Alleged that Christ's Flesh Was of a Finer Texture, Animalis, Composed of Soul.

Chapter XI.--The Opposite Extravagance Exposed That is Christ with a Soul Composed of Flesh--Corporeal, Though Invisible. Christ's Soul, Like Ours, Distinct from Flesh, Though Clothed in It.

Chapter XII.--The True Functions of the Soul Christ Assumed It in His Perfect Human Nature, Not to Reveal and Explain It, But to Save It. Its Resurrection with the Body Assured by Christ.

Chapter XIII.--Christ's Human Nature The Flesh and the Soul Both Fully and Unconfusedly Contained in It.

Chapter XIV.--Christ Took Not on Him an Angelic Nature, But the Human It Was Men, Not Angels, Whom He Came to Save.

Chapter XV.--The Valentinian Figment of Christ's Flesh Being of a Spiritual Nature, Examined and Refuted Out of Scripture.

Chapter XVI.--Christ's Flesh in Nature, the Same as Ours, Only Sinless The Difference Between Carnem Peccati and Peccatum Carnis: It is the Latter Which Christ Abolished. The Flesh of the First Adam, No Less Than that of the Second Adam, Not Received from

Chapter XVII.--The Similarity of Circumstances Between the First and the Second Adam, as to the Derivation of Their Flesh. An Analogy Also Pleasantly Traced Between Eve and the Virgin Mary.

Chapter XVIII.--The Mystery of the Assumption of Our Perfect Human Nature by the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity. He is Here Called, as Often Elsewhere, the Spirit.

Chapter XIX.--Christ, as to His Divine Nature, as the Word of God, Became Flesh, Not by Carnal Conception, Nor by the Will of the Flesh and of Man, But by the Will of God. Christ's Divine Nature, of Its Own Accord, Descended into the Virgin's Womb.

Chapter XX.--Christ Born of a Virgin, of Her Substance The Physiological Facts of His Real and Exact Birth of a Human Mother, as Suggested by Certain Passages of Scripture.

Chapter XXI.--The Word of God Did Not Become Flesh Except in the Virgin's Womb and of Her Substance. Through His Mother He is Descended from Her Great Ancestor David. He is Described Both in the Old and in the New Testament as |The Fruit of David's Loins.

Chapter XXII.--Holy Scripture in the New Testament, Even in Its Very First Verse, Testifies to Christ's True Flesh. In Virtue of Which He is Incorporated in the Human Stock of David, and Abraham, and Adam.

Chapter XXIII.--Simeon's |Sign that Should Be Contradicted,| Applied to the Heretical Gainsaying of the True Birth of Christ. One of the Heretics' Paradoxes Turned in Support of Catholic Truth.

Chapter XXIV.--Divine Strictures on Various Heretics Descried in Various Passages of Prophetical Scripture. Those Who Assail the True Doctrine of the One Lord Jesus Christ, Both God and Man, Thus Condemned.

Chapter XXV.--Conclusion. This Treatise Forms a Preface to the Other Work, |On the Resurrection of the Flesh,| Proving the Reality of the Flesh Which Was Truly Born, and Died, and Rose Again.


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