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The Ecclesiastical History Of Theodoret - Theodoret

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The ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, Dialogues, and Letters

Translator's Preface.

Chronological Tables to accompany the History and Life of Theodoret.


II.--Episcopate at Cyrus.

III.--Relations with Nestorius and to Nestorianism.

IV.--Under the Ban of Theodosius and of the Latrocinium.

V.--Theodoret and Chalcedon.

VI.--Retirement after Chalcedon, and Death.

VII.--The Condemnation of |the Three Chapters.|

VIII.--The Works of Theodoret.

IX.--Contents and Character of the Extant Works.

Manuscripts and Editions of Separate Works.

The Anathemas of Cyril in Opposition to Nestorius.

Counter-statements of Theodoret.

Prologue.--Design of the History.

Chapter I.--Origin of the Arian Heresy.

Chapter II.--List of the Principal Bishops

Chapter III.--The Epistle of Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria to Alexander, Bishop of Constantinople.

Chapter IV.--The Letter of Arius to Eusebius, Bishop of Nicomedia

Chapter V.--The Letter of Eusebius, Bishop of Nicomedia, to Paulinus, Bishop of Tyre.

Chapter VI.--General Council of Nicæa.

Chapter VII.--Confutation of Arianism deduced from the Writings of Eustathius and Athanasius.

Chapter VIII.--Facts relating to Meletius the Egyptian, from whom originated the Meletian Schism, which remains to this day.--Synodical Epistle respecting him.

Chapter IX.--The Epistle of the Emperor Constantine, concerning the matters transacted at the Council, addressed to those Bishops who were not present.

Chapter X.--The daily wants of the Church supplied by the Emperor, and an account of his other virtues.

Chapter XI

Chapter XII.--Confutation of the blasphemies of the Arians of our time, from the writings of Eusebius, Bishop of Cæsarea.

Chapter XIII.--Extract from the Letter of Athanasius on the Death of Arius .

Chapter XIV.--Letter written by the Emperor Constantine respecting the building of Churches .

Chapter XV.--The Epistle of Constantine concerning the preparation of copies of the Holy Scriptures.

Chapter XVI.--Letter from the Emperor to Macarius, Bishop of Jerusalem, concerning the building of the Holy Church.

Chapter XVII.--Helena , Mother of the Emperor Constantine.--Her zeal in the Erection of the Holy Church.

Chapter XVIII.--The Unlawful Translation of Eusebius, Bishop of Nicomedia.

Chapter XIX.--Epistle of the Emperor Constantine against Eusebius and Theognis, addressed to the Nicomedians.

Chapter XX.--The artful Machinations of Eusebius and his followers against the Holy Eustathius, Bishop of Antioch.

Chapter XXI.--Bishops of Heretical opinions ordained in Antioch after the Banishment of St. Eustathius .

Chapter XXII.--Conversion of the Indians .

Chapter XXIII.--Conversion of the Iberians .

Chapter XXIV.--Letter written by the Emperor Constantine to Sapor , the King of Persia, respecting the Christians.

Chapter XXV.--An account of the plot formed against the Holy Athanasius.

Chapter XXVI.--Another plot against Athanasius.

Chapter XXVII.--Epistle of the Emperor Constantine to the Council of Tyre .

Chapter XXVIII.--The Council of Tyre.

Chapter XXIX.--Consecration of the Church of Jerusalem.--Banishment of St. Athanasius.

Chapter XXX.--Will of the blessed Emperor Constantine.

Chapter XXXI.--Apology for Constantine.

Chapter XXXII.--The End of the Holy Emperor Constantine.

Chapter I.--Return of St. Athanasius.

Chapter II.--Declension of the Emperor Constantius from the true Faith.

Chapter III.--Second Exile of St. Athanasius.--Ordination and Death of Gregorius.

Chapter IV.--Paulus, Bishop of Constantinople.

Chapter V.--The Heresy of Macedonius.

Chapter VI.--Council held at Sardica.

Chapter VII.--Account of the Bishops Euphratas and Vincentius, and of the plot formed in Antioch against them.

Chapter VIII.--Stephanus Deposed.

Chapter IX.--The Second Return of Saint Athanasius.

Chapter X.--Third exile and flight of Athanasius.

Chapter XI.--The evil and daring deeds done by Georgius in Alexandria.

Chapter XII.--Council of Milan.

Chapter XIII.--Conference between Liberius, Pope of Rome, and the Emperor Constantius .

Chapter XIV.--Concerning the Banishment and Return of the Holy Liberius.

Chapter XV.--Council of Ariminum .

Chapter XVI.--Concerning the Synod held at Nica in Thrace, and the Confession of Faith drawn up there.

Chapter XVII.--Synodical Act of Damasus, Bishop of Rome, and of the Western Bishops, about the Council at Ariminum.

Chapter XVIII.--The Letter of Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, concerning the same Council.

Chapter XIX.--Concerning the cunning of Leontius, Bishop of Antioch, and the boldness of Flavianus and Diodorus.

Chapter XX.--Concerning the innovations of Eudoxius, of Germanicia, and the zeal of Basilius of Ancyra, and of Eustathius of Sebasteia against him.

Chapter XXI.--Of the Second Council of Nicæa.

Chapter XXII.--Of the Council held at Seleucia in Isauria.

Chapter XXIII.--Of what befell the orthodox bishops at Constantinople.

Chapter XXIV.--Synodical Epistle written against Aetius.

Chapter XXV.--Of the causes which separated the Eunomians from the Arians.

Chapter XXVI.--Of the siege of the city of Nisibis, and the apostolic conversation of Bishop Jacobus.

Chapter XXVII.--Of the Council of Antioch and what was done there against the holy Meletius.

Chapter XXVIII.--About Eusebius, Bishop of Samosata.

Chapter I.--Of the reign of Julianus; how from a child he was brought

Chapter II.--Of the return of the bishops and the consecration of Paulinus.

Chapter III.--Of the number and character of the deeds done by Pagans against the Christians when they got the power from Julian.

Chapter IV.--Of the laws made by Julian against the Christians.

Chapter V.--Of the fourth exile and flight of the holy Athanasius.

Chapter VI.--Of Apollo and Daphne, and of the holy Babylas.

Chapter VII.--Of Theodorus the Confessor.

Chapter VIII.--Of the confiscation of the sacred treasures and taking away of the allowances.

Chapter IX.--Of what befell Julianus, the Emperor's Uncle, and Felix.

Chapter X.--Of the Son of the Priest.

Chapter XI.--Of the Holy Martyrs Juventinus and Maximinus.

Chapter XII.--Of Valentinianus the great Emperor.

Chapter XIII.--Of other confessors.

Chapter XIV.--Of Artemius the Duke. Of Publia the Deaconess and her divine boldness.

Chapter XV.--Of the Jews; of their attempt at building, and of the heaven-sent plagues that befel them.

Chapter XVI.--Of the expedition against the Persians.

Chapter XVII.--Of the boldness of speech of the decurion of Beroea.

Chapter XVIII.--Of the prediction of the pedagogue.

Chapter XIX.--Of the Prophecy of St. Julianus the monk.

Chapter XX.--Of the death of the Emperor Julian in Persia.

Chapter XXI.--Of the sorcery at Carræ which was detected after his death. After he was slain the jugglery of his sorcery was detected. For Carræ is a city which still retains the relics of his false religion.

Chapter XXII.--Of the heads discovered in the palace at Antioch and the public rejoicings there.

Chapter I.--Of the reign and piety of Jovianus

Chapter II.--Of the return of Athanasius.

Chapter III.--Synodical letter to the Emperor Jovian concerning the Faith.

Chapter IV.--Of the restoration of allowances to the churches; and of the Emperor's death.

Chapter V.--Of the reign of Valentinianus, and how he associated Valens his brother with him.

Chapter VI.--Of the election of Ambrosius, the Bishop of Milan.

Chapter VII.--Letters of the Emperors Valentinianus and Valens, written to the diocese of Asia about the Homoüsion, on hearing that some men in Asia and in Phrygia were in dispute about the divine decree.

Chapter VIII.--Synodical Epistle of the Synod in Illyricum concerning the Faith.

Chapter IX.--Of the heresy of the Audiani.

Chapter X.--Of the heresy of the Messaliani.

Chapter XI.--In what manner Valens fell into heresy.

Chapter XII.--How Valens exiled the virtuous bishops.

Chapter XIII.--Of Eusebius, bishop of Samosata, and others.

Chapter XIV.--Of the holy Barses, and of the exile of the bishop of Edessa and his companions.

Chapter XV.--Of the persecution which took place at Edessa, and of Eulogius and Protogenes, presbyters of Edessa.

Chapter XVI.--Of the holy Basilius, Bishop of Cæsarea, and the measures taken against him by Valens and the prefect Modestus.

Chapter XVII.--Of the death of the great Athanasius and the election of Petrus.

Chapter XVIII.--On the overthrow of Petrus and the introduction of Lucius the Arian.

Chapter XIX.--Narrative of events at Alexandria in the time of Lucius the Arian, taken from a letter of Petrus, Bishop of Alexandria.

Chapter XX.--Of Mavia, Queen of the Saracens, and the ordination of Moses the monk.

Chapter XXI

Chapter XXII.--How Flavianus and Diodorus gathered the church of the orthodox in Antioch.

Chapter XXIII.--Of the holy monk Aphraates.

Chapter XXIV.--Of the holy monk Julianus.

Chapter XXV.--Of what other monks were distinguished at this period.

Chapter XXVI.--Of Didymus of Alexandria and Ephraim the Syrian.

Chapter XXVII.--Of what bishops were at this time distinguished in Asia and Pontus.

Chapter XXVIII.--Of the letter written by Valens to the great Valentinianus about the war, and how he replied.

Chapter XXIX.--Of the piety of Count Terentius.

Chapter XXX.--Of the bold utterance of Trajanus the general.

Chapter XXXI.--Of Isaac the monk of Constantinople and Bretanio the Scythian Bishop.

Chapter XXXII.--Of the expedition of Valens against the Goths and how he paid the penalty of his impiety.

Chapter XXXIII.--How the Goths became tainted by the Arian error.

Chapter I.--Of the piety of the emperor Gratianus

Chapter II.--Of the return of the bishops.

Chapter III.--Of the dissension caused by Paulinus; of the innovation by Apollinarius of Laodicea, and of the philosophy of Meletius.

Chapter IV.--Of Eusebius Bishop of Samosata.

Chapter V.--Of the campaign of Theodosius.

Chapter VI.--Of the reign of Theodosius and of his dream.

Chapter VII.--Of famous leaders of the Arian faction.

Chapter VIII.--The council assembled at Constantinople.

Chapter IX.--Synodical letter from the council at Constantinople.

Chapter X.--Synodical letter of Damasus bishop of Rome against Apollinarius and Timotheus.

Chapter XI.--A confession of the Catholic faith which Pope Damasus sent to Bishop Paulinus in Macedonia when he was at Thessalonica.

Chapter XII.--Of the death of Gratianus and the sovereignty of Maximus

Chapter XIII.--Of Justina, the wife of Valentinianus, and of her plot against Ambrosius.

Chapter XIV.--Of the information given by Maximus the tyrant to Valentinianus.

Chapter XV.--Of the Letter written by the Emperor Theodosius concerning the same.

Chapter XVI.--Of Amphilochius, bishop of Iconium.

Chapter XVII.--Of the massacre of Thessalonica; the boldness of Bishop Ambrosius, and the piety of the Emperor.

Chapter XVIII.--Of the Empress Placilla.

Chapter XIX.--Of the sedition of Antioch.

Chapter XX.--Of the destruction of the temples all over the Empire.

Chapter XXI.--Of Marcellus, bishop of Apamea, and the idols' temples destroyed by him.

Chapter XXII.--Of Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria, and what happened at the demolition of the idols in that city.

Chapter XXIII.--Of Flavianus bishop of Antioch and of the sedition which arose in the western Church on account of Paulinus.

Chapter XXIV.--Of the tyranny of Eugenius and the victory won through faith by the Emperor Theodosius.

Chapter XXV.--Of the death of the Emperor Theodosius.

Chapter XXVI.--Of Honorius the emperor and Telemachus the monk.

Chapter XXVII.--Of the piety of the emperor Arcadius and the ordination of John Chrysostom.

Chapter XXVIII.--Of John's boldness for God.

Chapter XXIX.--Of the idol temples which were destroyed by John in Phoenicia.

Chapter XXX.--Of the church of the Goths.

Chapter XXXI.--Of his care for the Scythians and his zeal against the Marcionists

Chapter XXXII.--Of the demand made by Gainas and of John Chrysostom's reply.

Chapter XXXIII.--Of the ambassage of Chrysostom to Gainas.

Chapter XXXIV.--Of the events which happened on account of Chrysostom.

Chapter XXXV.--Of Alexander, bishop of Antioch.

Chapter XXXVI.--Of the removal of the remains of John and of the faith of Theodosius and his sisters.

Chapter XXXVII.--Of Theodotus bishop of Antioch.

Chapter XXXVIII.--Of the persecutions in Persia and of them that were martyred there.

Chapter XXXIX.--Of Theodorus, bishop of Mopsuestia.



Dialogue I.--The Immutable.

Dialogue II.--The Unconfounded.

Dialogue III.--The Impassible.

Demonstrations by Syllogisms. That God the Word is Immutable.

Proofs that the Union was without Confusion.

Proof that the Divinity of the Saviour is Impassible.

Bishop of Cyrus.

II. To the Same.

III. To Bishop Irenæus.

IV. Festal.

V. Festal.

VI. Festal.

VII. To Theonilla.

VIII. To Eugraphia.

IX. To an Anonymous Correspondent.

X. To the Learned Elias.

XI. To Flavianus Bishop of Constantinople.

XII. To the Bishop Irenæus.

XIII. To Cyrus.

XIV. To Alexandra.

XV. To Silvanus the Primate.

XVI. To Bishop Irenæus.

XVII. To the Deaconess Casiana.

XVIII. To Neoptolemus.

XIX. To the Presbyter Basilius.

XX. To the Presbyter Martyrius.

XXI. To the Learned Eusebius.

XXII. To Count Ulpianus.

XXIII. To the Patrician Areobindas.

XXIV. To Andreas Bishop of Samosata.

XXV. Festal.

XXVI. Festal.

XXVII. To Aquilinus, Deacon and Archimandrite.

XXVIII. To Jacobus, Presbyter and Monk.

XXIX. To Apellion.

XXX. To Aerius the Sophist.

XXXI. To Domnus Bishop of Antioch.

XXXII. To the Bishop Theoctistus.

XXXIII. To Stasimus, Count and Primate.

XXXIV. To the Count Patricius.

XXXV. To the Bishop Irenæus.

XXXVI. To Pompianus, Bishop of Emesa.

XXXVII. To Salustius the Governor.

XXXVIII. Festal.

XXXIX. Festal.

XL. To Theodorus the Vicar.

XLI. To Claudianus.

XLII. To Constantius the Prefect.

XLIII. To the Augusta Pulcheria.

XLIV. To the Patrician Senator.

XLV. To the Patrician Anatolius.

XLVI. To the Learned Petrus.

XLVII. To Proclus, Bishop of Constantinople.

XLVIII. To Eustathius, Bishop of Berytus.

XLIX. To Damianus, Bishop of Sidon.

L. To the Archimandrite Gerontius.

LI. To the Presbyter Agapius.

LII. To Ibas, Bishop of Edessa.

LIII. To Sophronius, Bishop of Constantina.

LIV. Festal.

LV. Festal.

LVI. Festal.

LVII. To the Præfect Eutrechius.

LVIII. To the Consul Nomus.

LIX. To Claudianus.

LX. To Dioscorus, Bishop of Alexandria.

LXI. To the Presbyter Archibius.

LXII. To the Presbyter John.

LXIII. Festal.

LXIV. Festal.

LXV. To the General Zeno.

LXVI. To Aerius the Sophist.

LXVII. To Maranas.

LXVIII. To Epiphanius.

LXIX. To Eugraphia.

LXX. To Eustathius, Bishop of Ægæ.

LXXI. To Zeno, General and Consul.

LXXII. To Hermesigenes the Assessor.

LXXIII. To Apollonius.

LXXIV. To Urbanus.

LXXV. To the Clergy of Beroea.

LXXVI. To Uranius, Governor of Cyprus.

LXXVII. To Eulalius, Bishop of Persian Armenia.

LXXVIII. To Eusebius, Bishop of Persian Armenia.

LXXIX. To Anatolius the Patrician.

LXXX. To the Prefect Eutrechius.

LXXXI. To the Consul Nomus.

LXXXII. To Eusebius, Bishop of Ancyra.

LXXXIII. Of Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrus, to Dioscorus, Archbishop of Alexandria.

LXXXIV. To the Bishops of Cilicia.

LXXXV. To the Bishop Basil.

LXXXVI. To Flavianus, Bishop of Constantinople.

LXXXVII. To Domnus, Bishop of Apamea.

LXXXVIII. To Taurus the Patrician.

LXXXIX. To Florentius the Patrician.

XC. To Lupicinus the Master.

XCI. To the Prefect Eutrechius.

XCII. To Anatolius the Patrician.

XCIII. To Senator the Patrician.

XCIV. To Protogenes The Præfect.

XCV. To the Præfect Antiochus.

XCVI. To Nomus the Patrician.

XCVII. To the Count Sporacius.

XCVIII. To Pancharius.

XCIX. To Claudianus the Antigrapharius.

C. To Alexandra.

CI. To the Deaconess Celarina.

CII. To Bishop Basilius.

CIII. To the Count Apollonius.

CIV. To Flavianus, Bishop of Constantinople.

CV. To Eulogius the OEconomus.

CVI. To Abraham the OEconomus.

CVII. To the Presbyter Theodotus.

CVIII. To Acacius the Presbyter.

CIX. To Eusebius, Bishop of Ancyra.

CX. To Domnus, Bishop of Antioch.

CXI. To Anatolius the Patrician.

CXII. To Domnus, Bishop of Antioch.

CXIII. To Leo, Bishop of Rome.

CXIII. (a). From Pope Leo to Theodoret.

CXIV. To Andiberis.

CXV. To Apella.

CXVI. To the Presbyter Renatus.

CXVII. To the Bishop Florentius.

CXVIII. To the Archdeacon of Rome.

CXIX. To Anatolius the Patrician.

CXX. To Lupicius.

CXXI. To Anatolius the Patrician.

CXXII. To Uranius Bishop of Emesa.

CXXIII. To the Same.

CXXIV. To the Learned Maranas.

CXXV. To Aphthonius, Theodoritus, Nonnus, Scylacius, Apthonius, Joannes, Magistrates of the Zeugmatensis.

CXXVI. To the Bishop Sabinianus.

CXXVII. To Jobius, Presbyter and Archimandrite.

CXXVIII. To Candidus, Presbyter and Archimandrite.

CXXIX. To Magnus Antoninus the Presbyter.

CXXX. To Bishop Timotheus.

CXXXI. To Longinus, Archimandrite of Doliche.

CXXXII. To Ibas, Bishop of Edessa.

CXXXIII. To John, Bishop of Germanicia.

CXXXIV. To Theoctistus, Bishop of Beroea.

CXXXV. To Bishop Romulus.

CXXXVI. To Cyrus Magistrianus.

CXXXVII. To the Archimandrite John.

CXXXVIII. To Anatolius the Patrician.

CXXXIX. To Aspar, Consular and Patrician.

CXL. To the Master Vincomalus.

CXLI. To Marcellus, Archimandrite of the Acoemetæ.

CXLII. To the Same.

CXLIII. To Andrew, Monk of Constantinople.

CXLIV. To the Soldiers.

CXLV. To the Monks of Constantinople.

CXLVI. To John the OEconomus.

CXLVII. To John, Bishop of Germanicia.

CXLVIII in the Edition of Garnerius.

CXLIX is |Copy of the Letter written by John, Bishop of Antioch, to Nestorius.|

CL. Letter of Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrus, to Joannes, Bishop of Antioch.

CLI. Letter or Address of Theodoret to the Monks of the Euphratensian, the Osrhoene, Syria, Phoenicia, and Cilicia.

CLII. Report of the (Bishops) of the East to the Emperor, giving information of their proceedings, and explaining the cause of the delay in the arrival of the Bishop of Antioch.

CLIII. Report of the same to the Empresses Pulcheria and Eudoxia.

CLIV. Report of the same to the Senate of Constantinople. This Report...

CLVIII. Report of (the Bishops of) the East to the Very Pious Emperor, which they delivered with the preceding Report to the Right Honourable Count Irenæus.

CLIX. Letter of the same to the Præfect and to the Master. Written at the same time and under the same circumstances as the former...

CLXIII. First Letter of the Commissioners of the East, sent to Chalcedon, among whom was Theodoretus.

CLXIV. Second Epistle of the same to the same, expressing premature triumph in Victory.

CLXV. Letter of the same to the same.

CLXVI. First Petition of the Commissioners, addressed from Chalcedon, to the Emperor.

CLXVII. Second Petition of the same, sent from Chalcedon to Theodosius Augustus.

CLXVIII. Third Demand of the same, addressed from Chalcedon to the Sovereigns.

CLXIX. Letter written by Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrus, from Chalcedon to Alexander of Hierapolis.

CLXX. Letter of certain Easterns, who had been sent to Constantinople, to Bishop Rufus.

CLXXI. Letter of Theodoret to John, Bishop of Antioch, after the Reconciliation.

CLXXII. Letter of Theodoretus to Nestorius.

CLXXIII. Letter to Andreas, Monk of Constantinople.

CLXXIV. To Himerius, Bishop of Nicomedia.

CLXXV. To Alexander of Hierapolis.

CLXXVI. Letter to the same Alexander after he had learnt that John, Bishop of Antioch, had Anathematized the Doctrine of Nestorius.

CLXXVII. Letter to Andreas, Bishop of Samosata.

CLXXVIII. Letter to Alexander of Hierapolis.

CLXXIX. Letter of Cyril to John, Bishop of Antioch, against Theodoret. Vide Migne LXXVII. 327. Cyril. Ep. lxiii. cCLXXX. Letter of Theodoretus, as some suppose, to Domnus, Bishop of Antioch, written on the Death of Cyril, Bishop of Alexandria.

CLXXXI. Letter to Abundius, Bishop of Como.

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