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Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)
Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.
As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.
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Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 12
The psalmist, destitute of human comfort, craves help from God, Psalm 12:1; gives the character of those who surrounded him, and denounces God‘s judgments against them, Psalm 12:2-5; confides in the promises of God, and in his protection o ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 120
The psalmist, in great distress, calls on the Lord for deliverance from calumny and defamation, Psalm 120:1, Psalm 120:2; shows the punishment that awaits his persecutor, Psalm 120:3, Psalm 120:4; deplores the necessity of his residence with ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 121
The resolution of a godly man, Psalm 121:1, Psalm 121:2. The safety and prosperity of such, as they and theirs shall be under the continual protection of God, Psalm 121:3-8.
This appears to be a prayer of the Jews in their captivity, who ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 122
The satisfaction of a gracious soul in the use of God‘s ordinances, Psalm 122:1, Psalm 122:2. Description of the internal governmentof Jerusalem, Psalm 122:3-5. Prayers for its peace and prosperity, Psalm 122:6-9.
In the preceding Psalm ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 123
The prayer and faith of the godly, Psalm 123:1, Psalm 123:2. They desire to be delivered from contempt, Psalm 123:3, Psalm 123:4.
This Psalm is probably a complaint of the captives in Babylon relative to the contempt and cruel usage they ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 124
A thanksgiving of the godly for extraordinary deliverances, Psalm 124:1-4. The great danger they were in, Psalm 124:7. Their confidence in God, Psalm 124:8.
In our present Hebrew copies this Psalm is attributed to David, לדוד (ledavid ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 125
The safety of those who trust in God, Psalm 125:1, Psalm 125:2. God‘s protecting providence in behalf of his followers, Psalm 125:3. A prayer for the godly, Psalm 125:4. The evil lot of the wicked, Psalm 125:5.
This Psalm is without a t ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 126
The joy of the Israelites on their return from captivity, and the effect their deliverance had upon the heathen, Psalm 126:1-3. The prayer which they had offered up, Psalm 126:4. The inference they draw from the whole, Psalm 126:5, Psalm 126 ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 127
The necessity of God‘s blessing on every undertaking, without which no prosperity can be expected, Psalm 127:1, Psalm 127:2. Children are a heritage from the Lord, Psalm 127:3, Psalm 127:4. A fruitful wife is a blessing to her husband, Psa ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 128
The blessedness of the man that fears the Lord, Psalm 128:1. He is blessed in his labor, Psalm 128:2; in his wife and children, Psalm 128:3, Psalm 128:4; in the ordinances of God, Psalm 128:5; and in a long life and numerous posterity, Psalm ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 129
The Jews give an account of the afflicions which they have passed through, Psalm 129:1-3. And thank God for their deliverance, Psalm 129:4. The judgments that shall fall on the workers of iniquity, Psalm 129:5-8.
This Psalm was written af ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 13
This Psalm contains the sentiments of an afflicted soul that earnestly desires succor from the Lord. The psalmist complains of delay, Psalm 13:1-3; prays for light and comfort, because he finds himself on the brink of death, Psalm 13:3; drea ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 130
The prayer of a penitent to God, with confession of sin, Psalm 130:1-3. Confidence in God‘s mercy, and waiting upon him, Psalm 130:4-6. Israel is encouraged to hope in the Lord, because of his willingness to save, Psalm 130:7, Psalm 130:8. ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 131
The psalmist professes his humility, and the peaceableness of his disposition and conduct, Psalm 131:1, Psalm 131:2. Exhorts Israel to hope in God, Psalm 131:3.
Some think that David composed this Psalm as a vindication of himself, when a ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 132
The psalmist prays that God would remember his promises to David, Psalm 132:1. His purpose to bring the ark of the Lord into a place of rest, Psalm 132:2-5. Where it was found, and the prayer in removing it, Psalm 132:6-9. The promises made ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 133
The comfort and benefit of the communion of saints, Psalm 133:1-3.
There are different opinions concerning this Psalm; the most probable is, that it represents the priests and Levites returned from captivity, and united in the service of ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 134
An exhortation to praise God in his sanctuary, Psalm 134:1-3.
This is the last of the fifteen Psalms called Psalms of degrees. Who was the author is uncertain; it is attributed to David only by the Syriac; it is intimately connected with ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 135
An exhortation to praise God for his goodness and greatness, Psalm 135:1-5; for his wonders in nature, Psalm 135:6, Psalm 135:7; his wonders done in Egypt, Psalm 135:8, Psalm 135:9; in the wilderness, Psalm 135:10-12; for his goodness to his ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 136
An exhortation to give thanks to God for various mercies granted to all men, Psalm 136:1-9; particularly to the Israelites in Egypt, Psalm 136:10-12; at the Red Sea, Psalm 136:13-15; in the wilderness, Psalm 136:16-20; and in the promised la ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 137
The desolate and afflicted state of the captives in Babylon, Psalm 137:1, Psalm 137:2. How they were insulted by their enemies, Psalm 137:3, Psalm 137:4. Their attachment to their country, Psalm 137:5, Psalm 137:6. Judgments denounced agains ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 138
The psalmist praises the Lord for his mercies to himself, Psalm 138:1-3. He foretells that the kings of the earth shall worship him, Psalm 138:4, Psalm 138:5. God‘s condescension to the humble, Psalm 138:6. The psalmist‘s confidence, Psa ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 139
A fine account of the omniscience of God, Psalm 139:1-6; of his omnipresence, Psalm 139:7-12; of his power and providence Psalm 139:13-16. The excellence of his purposes, Psalm 139:17, Psalm 139:18. His opposition to the wicked, Psalm 139:19 ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 14
The sentiments of atheists and deists, who deny the doctrine of a Divine providence. Their character: they are corrupt, foolish, abominable, and cruel, Psalm 14:1-4. God fills them with terror, Psalm 14:5; reproaches them for their oppressio ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 140
The psalmist prays against his enemies, Psalm 140:1-6; returns thanks for help, Psalm 140:7; describes his enemies, and prays farther against them, Psalm 140:8-11. His confidence in God, Psalm 140:12, Psalm 140:13.
The Hebrew, and all the ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 141
The psalmist prays that his devotions may be accepted, Psalm 141:1, Psalm 141:2. That he may be enabled so to watch that he do not offend with his tongue; and that he may be preserved from wickedness, Psalm 141:3, Psalm 141:4. His willingnes ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 142
The psalmist, in great distress and difficulty, calls upon God, Psalm 142:1-7.
The title says, “An Instruction of David,” or a Psalm of David giving instruction; “A Prayer when he was in the cave.”
David was twice in great peril ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 143
The psalmist prays for mercy, and deprecates judgment, Psalm 143:1, Psalm 143:2. His persecutions, Psalm 143:3. His earnest prayer for deliverance, Psalm 143:4-9. Prays for God‘s quickening Spirit, Psalm 143:10, Psalm 143:11. And for the t ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 144
The psalmist praises God for his goodness, Psalm 144:1, Psalm 144:2. Exclamations relative to the vanity of human life, Psalm 144:3, Psalm 144:4. He prays against his enemies, Psalm 144:5-8; and extols God‘s mercy for the temporal blessing ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 145
God is praised for his unsearchable greatness, Psalm 145:1, Psalm 145:2; for his majesty and terrible acts, Psalm 145:3, Psalm 145:6; for his goodness and tender mercies to all, Psalm 145:7-9; for his power and kingdom, Psalm 145:10-13; for ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 146
The psalmist, full of gratitude, purposes to praise God for ever, Psalm 146:1, Psalm 146:2; and exhorts not to trust in man, not even the most powerful; for which he gives his reasons, Psalm 146:3, Psalm 146:4. The great advantage of trustin ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 147
The psalmist praises God for his goodness to Jerusalem, Psalm 147:1-3; shows his great mercy to them that trust in him, Psalm 147:4-6; he extols him for his mercies, and providential kindness, Psalm 147:7-11; for his defense of Jerusalem, Ps ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 148
The psalmist calls on all the creation to praise the Lord. The angels and visible heavens, Psalm 148:1-6; the earth and the sea, Psalm 148:7; the meteors, Psalm 148:8; mountains, hills, and trees, Psalm 148:9; beasts, reptiles, and fowls, Ps ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 149
All the congregation are invited to praise God for his mercies, Psalm 149:1-3. Their great privileges, Psalm 149:4, Psalm 149:5. Their victories, Psalm 149:6-9.
This seems to be an epinikion, or song of triumph, after some glorious victor ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 15
The important question answered, Who is a proper member of the Church militant? and who shall finally join the Church triumphant? Verse Psalm 15:1 contains the question; Psalm 15:2-5, the answer.
The title, מזמור לדוד (mizmor led ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 150
A general exhortation to praise God, Psalm 150:1, Psalm 150:2. With the trumpet, psaltery, and harp, Psalm 150:3. With the timbrel and dance, stringed instruments and organs, Psalm 150:4. With the cymbals, Psalm 150:5. All living creatures a ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 16
The contents of this Psalm are usually given in the following manner: David, sojourning among idolaters, and being obliged to leave his own country through Saul‘s persecution, cries to God for help; expresses his abhorrence of idolatry, an ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 17
David implores the succor of God against his enemies; and professes his integrity and determination to live to God‘s glory, Psalm 17:1. He prays for support, and expresses strong confidence in God, Psalm 17:5-9; describes the malice and cr ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 18
David‘s address of thanks to Jehovah, Psalm 18:1-3. A relation of sufferings undergone, and prayers made for assistance, Psalm 18:4-6. A magnificent description of Divine interposition in behalf of the sufferer, Psalm 18:7-15; and of the d ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 19
The heavens and their host proclaim the majesty of God, Psalm 19:1-6; the excellence and perfection of the Divine law, Psalm 19:7-10; its usefulness, Psalm 19:11. The psalmist prays for pardon and preservation from sin, Psalm 19:12, Psalm 19 ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 2
This Psalm treats of the opposition raised, both by Jew and Gentile, against the kingdom of Christ, Psalm 2:1-3. Christ‘s victory, and the confusion of his enemies, Psalm 2:4-6. The promulgation of the Gospel after his resurrection, Psalm ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 20
A prayer for the king in his enterprises, that his prayers may be heard, his offerings accepted, and his wishes fulfilled, Psalm 20:1-4. Confidence of victory expressed, Psalm 20:5, Psalm 20:6. Vain hopes exposed; and supplication made for t ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 21
The psalmist returns thanks to God for giving him the victory over his enemies; which victory he had earnestly requested, Psalm 21:1, Psalm 21:2. He enters into a detail of the blessings that in consequent of the victory he had obtained, Psa ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 22
Under great affliction and distress, the psalmist prays unto God, Psalm 22:1-3; appeals to God‘s wonted kinkiness in behalf of his people, Psalm 22:4, Psalm 22:5; relates the insults that he received, Psalm 22:6-8; mentions the goodness of ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 23
The Lord is the Pastor of his people; therefore it may be inferred that they shall not want, Psalm 23:1. How he guides, feeds, and protects them, Psalm 23:2, Psalm 23:3. Even in the greatest dangers they may be confident of his support, Psal ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 24
The Lord is Sovereign Ruler of the universe, Psalm 24:1, Psalm 24:2. The great question, Who is fit to minister to the Lord in his own temple? Psalm 24:3-6. The glory of God in his entrance into his temple, Psalm 24:7-10.
It is probable t ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 25
The psalmist, in great distress, calls upon God frequently, Psalm 25:1-5; prays for pardon with the strong confidence of being heard, Psalm 25:6-11; shows the blessedness of the righteous, Psalm 25:12-14; again earnestly implores the Divine ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 26
The psalmist appeals to God for his integrity, and desires to be brought to the Divine test in order to have his innocence proved, Psalm 26:1-3; shows that he had avoided all fellowship with the wicked, and associated unth the upright, Psalm ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 27
The righteous man‘s confidence in God, Psalm 27:1-3; his ardent desire to have the spiritual privilege of worshipping God in his temple, because of the spiritual blessings which he expects to enjoy there, Psalm 27:4-6; his prayer to God fo ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 28
A righteous man in affliction makes supplication to God, and complains of the malice of his enemies, Psalm 28:1-4; whom he describes as impious, and whose destruction he predicts, Psalm 28:5. He blesses God for hearing his prayers, and for f ... read more
Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 29
The psalmist calls upon the great and mighty to give thanks unto God, and to worship him in the beauty of holiness, on account of a tempest that had taken place, Psalm 29:1, Psalm 29:2. He shouts the wonders produced by a thunderstorm, which ... read more