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John Chrysostom (349 - 407)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker John Chrysostom in text and pdf format Archbishop of Constantinople, was an important Early Church Father. He is known for his preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, and his ascetic sensibilities. The epithet Χρυσόστομος (Chrysostomos, anglicized as Chrysostom) means "golden-mouthed" in Greek and given for his celebrated eloquence.

The Eastern Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic churches honor him as a saint and count him among the Three Holy Hierarchs, together with Basil the Great and Gregory Nazianzus. He is recognized by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church as a saint and as a Doctor of the Church. Churches of the Western tradition, including the Roman Catholic Church, some Anglican provinces, and some Lutheran churches, commemorate him on 13 September. Some other Lutheran churches and Anglican provinces commemorate him on the traditional Eastern feast day of 27 January. Chrysostom's extant homiletical works are vast, including many hundreds of exegetical homilies on both the New Testament (especially the works of Saint Paul) and the Old Testament (particularly on Genesis). Among his extant exegetical works are sixty-seven homilies on Genesis, fifty-nine on the Psalms, ninety on the Gospel of Matthew, eighty-eight on the Gospel of John, and fifty-five on the Acts of the Apostles.

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Hebrews 3:7-4:10
      Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost says, Today if you will hear His voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation in the day of temptation in the wilderness, when your fathers tempted Me, proved Me, and saw My works forty years. Wherefore I was grieved w ... read more

Hebrews 4:11-16
      Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. For the word of God is quick [i.e. living] and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, ... read more

Hebrews 5:1-14
       For every high priest taken from among men, is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins: who can have compassion on the ignorant and on them that are out of the way, for that he himself also is co ... read more

Hebrews 6:1-6
      Therefore leaving the principles of the Doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection, not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God; of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands; and of resurrection o ... read more

Hebrews 6:13-20
      For when God made promise to Abraham, because He could swear by no greater, He swore by Himself, saying, Surely blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply you. And so after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise. For men verily ... read more

Hebrews 6:7-12
      For the Earth which drinks in the rain that comes oft upon it, and brings forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed, receives blessing from God. But if it bear thorns and briars it is rejected, and near unto cursing, whose end is to be burned. 1. ... read more

Hebrews 7:1-10
      For this Melchisedec, King of Salem, Priest of the most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the Kings, and blessed him: to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of Righteousness, and after tha ... read more

Hebrews 7:11-28
       If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood; (for under it the people have received the law?' ) what further need was there that another priest should arise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? For the ... read more

Hebrews 8:1-13
      Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an High Priest; who is set down on the right hand of the throne of the majesty in the heavens: a minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord pitched, and not man. ... read more

Hebrews 9:1-14
       Then verily the first [covenant] had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly Sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the Candlestick, and the Table, and the Show-bread, which is called the Sanctuary. And after the seco ... read more

Hebrews 9:15-23
      And for this cause He is the Mediator of the New Testament, that by means of death for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they which are called might receive the promise of an eternal inheritance. For where a testame ... read more

Hebrews 9:24-10:9
      For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true, but into Heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us. Nor yet that He should offer Himself often, as the High Priest enters into the Holy Pla ... read more

Homily 1 on Ephesians
      Chapter I. Verses 1-2 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus. Grace to you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. Observe, he applies the w ... read more

Homily 1 on Eutropius
      On Eutropius, the eunuch, Patrician and Consul. 1. Vanity of vanities, all is vanity — it is always seasonable to utter this but more especially at the present time. Where are now the brilliant surroundings of your consulship? Where are the gleaming ... read more

Homily 1 on Galatians
      Verse 1-3 Paul, an Apostle, (not from men, neither through man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised Him from the dead;) and all the brethren which are with me, unto the Churches of Galatia: Grace to you and peace from God the Father ... read more

Homily 1 on Matthew
      It were indeed meet for us not at all to require the aid of the written Word, but to exhibit a life so pure, that the grace of the Spirit should be instead of books to our souls, and that as these are inscribed with ink, even so should our hearts be with ... read more

Homily 1 on Romans
      Romans 1:1-2 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an Apostle, separated unto the Gospel of God, (which He promised afore by His prophets in the Holy Scriptures.) Moses having written five books, has nowhere put his own name to them, neither ... read more

Homily 1 on Second Thessalonians
      Having said in his former Epistle that we pray night and day to see you, and that we could not forbear, but were left in Athens alone, and that I sent Timothy from 1 Thessalonians 3:1-10, by all these expressions he shows the desire which he had to come a ... read more

Homily 1 on the Acts of the Apostles
      Acts 1:1-2 The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, concerning all things which Jesus began both to do and to teach, until the day on which, having given charge to the Apostles, whom He had chosen, by the Holy Spirit, He was taken up. To many ... read more

Homily 1 on the Gospel of John (Preface)
      1. They that are spectators of the heathen games, when they have learned that a distinguished athlete and winner of crowns has come from any quarter, run all together to view his wrestling, and all his skill and strength; and you may see the whole theater ... read more

Homily 1 on the Statues
      This Homily was delivered in the Old Church of Antioch, while St. Chrysostom was yet a Presbyter, upon that saying of the Apostle, 1 Timothy 5:23 , Drink a little wine for your stomach's sake, and your often infirmities. 1. You have heard the Apostolic ... read more

Homily 10 on Ephesians
      Ephesians 4:4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you are called in one hope of your calling. When the blessed Paul exhorts us to anything of special importance, so truly wise and spiritual as he is, he grounds his exhortation upon things in ... read more

Homily 10 on Matthew
      Matthew 3:1-2. In those days comes John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judæa, and saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of Heaven is at hand. How in those days? For not then, surely, when He was a child, and came to Nazareth, but thirty y ... read more

Homily 10 on Romans
      Rom. V. 12 Wherefore as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin, and so death passed upon (διἥλθεν 6 manuscripts εἴς ...) all men, for that all have sinned. As the best physicians always take great pains to discover the ... read more

Homily 10 on the Acts of the Apostles
      Acts IV. 1 And as they spoke unto the people, there came unto them the priests, and the captain of the temple. Ere yet they had time to take breath after their first trials, straightway they enter into others. And observe how the events are disposed ... read more

Homily 10 on the Statues
      Commendation of those who came to hear after taking a meal.— Observations on the physiology of the natural world; and against those who deify the creation; and on the duty of not swearing. 1. I joy, and rejoice with you all, that you have actually pu ... read more

Homily 11 on Ephesians
      Ephesians 4:4-7 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as also you were called in one hope of your calling; one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all, and through all, and in all. But unto each one of us was the grac ... read more

Homily 11 on Matthew
      Matt. III. 7. But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from the wrath to come? How then does Christ say, that they did not believe John? Luke 20:5 Be ... read more

Homily 11 on Romans
      Rom. VI. 5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of His death, we shall be also in the likeness of His resurrection. What I had before occasion to remark, that I mention here too, that he continually digresses into exhortation, witho ... read more

Homily 11 on the Acts of the Apostles
      Acts IV. 23 And being let go, they went to their own company, and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said to them. Not for their own glory did they tell the tale — how should such be their motive?— but what they displayed was the ... read more

Homily 11 on the Statues
      Thanksgiving to God for deliverance from the evils expected owing to the sedition; and recollection of the events which took place at the time. Also against those who find fault with the structure of the human body, and in general concerning the creation ... read more

Homily 12 on Ephesians
      Ephesians 4:17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you no longer walk as the Gentiles also walk, in the vanity of their mind, being darkened in their understanding. It is the duty of the teacher to build up and restore the souls of h ... read more

Homily 12 on Matthew
      Matt. III. 13. Then comes Jesus from Galilee to Jordan, etc. With the servants the Lord, with the criminals the Judge, comes to be baptized. But be not troubled; for in these humiliations His exaltation does most shine forth. For He who vouchsafed t ... read more

Homily 12 on Romans
      Rom. VI. 19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as you have yielded your members (so 4 manuscripts Sav. the members of your flesh) servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your mem ... read more

Homily 12 on the Acts of the Apostles
      Acts 4:36-37 And Joses, who by the Apostles was surnamed Barnabas (which is, being interpreted, The son of consolation), a Levite, and of the country of Cyprus, having land, sold it, and brought the money, and laid it at the Apostles' feet. The writ ... read more

Homily 12 on the Statues
      Thanksgiving to God for the pardon granted to the offenders against the Emperor. Physical discourse on the Creation. Proof that God, in creating man, implanted in him a natural law. Duty of avoiding oaths with the utmost diligence. 1. Yesterday I said ... read more

Homily 13 on Ephesians
      Ephesians 4:17-19 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you no longer walk as the Gentiles also walk, in the vanity of their mind, being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in ... read more

Homily 13 on Matthew
      Matt. IV. 1. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. Then. When? After the descent of the Spirit, after the voice that was borne from above, and said, This is My Beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. An ... read more

Homily 13 on Romans
      Rom. VII. 14 For we know that the Law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. After having said that great evils had taken place, and that sin, taking occasion by the commandment, had grown stronger, and the opposite of what the Law mainly ai ... read more

Homily 13 on the Acts of the Apostles
      Acts 5:17-18 Then having risen up, the high-priest and they that were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees) were filled with indignation, and laid their hands on the Apostles, and put them in the common prison. Having risen up, that is, bein ... read more

Homily 13 on the Statues
      A further thanksgiving to God for the change in the late melancholy aspect of affairs. Reminiscence of those who were dragged away, and punished because of the sedition. Exposition on the subject of the creation of man, and of his having received a natura ... read more

Homily 14 on Ephesians
      Ephesians 4:25-27 Wherefore, putting away falsehood, speak ye truth each one with his neighbor; for we are members one of another. Be angry, and sin not; let not the sun go down upon your wrath: neither give place to the devil. Having spoken of the ... read more

Homily 14 on Matthew
      Matt. IV. 12. Now when Jesus had heard that John was delivered up, He departed into Galilee. 1. Wherefore does He depart? Again instructing us not to go to meet temptations, but to give place and withdraw ourselves. For it is no reproach, the not ca ... read more

Homily 14 on Romans
      Romans VIII. 12, 13 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. For if you live after the flesh, you shall die; but if you through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, you shall live. After showing how gre ... read more

Homily 14 on the Acts of the Apostles
      Acts V. 34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded the men to be put forth a little space. This Gamaliel was Paul's teacher. And one may well wond ... read more

Homily 14 on the Statues
      After the whole people had been freed from all distress, and had become assured of safety, certain persons again disturbed the city by fabricating false reports, and were convicted. Wherefore this Homily refers to that subject; and also to the admonition ... read more

Homily 15 on Ephesians
      Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and railing, be put away from you, with all malice. As bees will never settle down in an unclean vessel — and this is the reason why those who are skilled in these matters sprink ... read more

Homily 15 on Matthew
      Matthew 5:1-2. And Jesus seeing the multitudes went up into the mountain, and when He was set, His disciples came unto Him. And He opened His mouth, and taught them saying, Blessed, etc. See how unambitious He was, and void of boasting: in that He d ... read more

Homily 15 on Romans
      Rom. VIII. 28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God. Here he seems to me to have mooted this whole topic with a view to those who were in danger; or, rather, not this only, but also what was said a little before th ... read more

Homily 15 on the Acts of the Apostles
      Acts VI. 8 And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people. See how even among the seven one was preëminent, and won the first prize. For though the ordination was common to him and them, yet he drew upon himse ... read more

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