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The Sufferings of Christ, and Their
Consequent Joys and Blessings
by Samuel Davies, July 11, 1756
"Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief. When you shall make his soul an offering for sinÂ—he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soulÂ—and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities!" Isaiah 53:10-11
This chapter contains a most lively and moving account of very tragic sufferings; and, if we have but a small share of humanity, we cannot hear it without being affectedÂ—even though we did not know the person concerned. Here is one so mangled and disfigured, that he has no form nor loveliness; one despised and rejected of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; one wounded, bruised, oppressed, afflicted; one brought as a lamb to the slaughter; one cut off out of the land of the living. And who is he?
Were he an enemy, or a malefactorÂ—we could not but pity him. But this was not his character; "for he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth." And he was so far from being our enemy, that "he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; he was wounded for our transgressions; he was bruised for our iniquities," not for his own. Were he a child or a friend that had suffered such things, it would raise all our mournful and sympathizing passions to hear the history. But what if this should be the man that is God's fellow, the Redeemer, to whom we are bound by the most endearing obligations! a person of infinite dignity and perfect innocence, our best friend, and only Savior! What if it should be him? Would not this move your hearts, and raise all your tender passions?
Or shall he die in such agoniesÂ—unpitied, unlamented, unloved; when even a dying criminal excites our compassion? What do you think would be the outcome, if I should make an experiment of this today? If I should make a trial, what weight will the sufferings of Jesus have upon your hearts? Do you think the representation of his sufferings and loveÂ—would have any effect upon you?
That they may have this effect, is my design in the prosecution of this subject; for that it is Jesus who is the hero of this profound tragedy, or the subject of these sufferings, we may learn from the frequent application of passages quoted from this chapter to him in the New Testament. This chapter has been a successful part of the Scriptures, and there are some now in heaven who were brought there by it. This is the chapter the Ethiopian eunuch was reading, when he asked Philip, "Of whom is the prophet talking about, himself or someone else? Then Philip began with that very passage of Scripture and told him the good news about Jesus. And he believed with all his heart and was baptized; and went on his way homeward (and heavenward) rejoicing!" Acts 8:32, 35.
This was the chapter that opened to the penitent Earl of Rochester the way of salvation through the sufferings of Christ, which alone relieved his mind from the horrors of guilt, and constrained him to hope that even such a sinner as he might find mercy. Oh! that it may have the same effect upon you, my friends, today, that with the eunuch you may return home rejoicing!
The design and method I now have in view, is only to illustrate and improve the several parts of my text, especially those that represent how pleasing and satisfactory the conversion and salvation of sinners, by the death of Christ, is to him.
1. "When you shall make his soul an offering for sin." An offering for sin is when the punishment of sin is transferred from the original offender to another; and that other person suffers in his stead. Thus the Lord Jesus was made a sin-offering for us. The punishment of our sin was transferred to him, and he bore it in his own body on the tree. He became our substitute, and took our place in law, and therefore the penalty of the law which was due to usÂ—was executed upon him. It is in this, my brethren, that we have any hope of salvation: blood for blood, life for life, soul for soul. The blood, the life, the soul of the Son of GodÂ—for the blood, and life, and soul of the obnoxious criminal. Here, sirs, your grateful wonder may begin to rise upon our first entrance on the subject; and you will find the wonders will increase as we go along!
You see Jesus presented an offering for sin; and what was it that he offered? "Silver and gold he had none," the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of heifers, would not suffice; and these too he had not. But he had blood in his veinsÂ—and that shall be poured out; he will offer up his precious bloodÂ—to save our guilty blood. He had a soul, and that was made an offering for sin. His soul an offering for sin! his pure spotless soul! his soul that was of more value than the whole universe beside! You may find those who will give a great many things for the deliverance of a friendÂ—but who would give his soul! his soul for his enemies! This is the peculiar commendation of the love of Jesus!
His soul here may signify his whole human nature; in which sense it is often taken in the Sacred Writings. And then the meaning is, that both his soul and body, or his whole human nature, bore the punishment due to us.
Or his soul may be here understood properly for his rational and immortal part, in opposition to his body; and then the meaning is, that he suffered in soulÂ—as well as in body. His soul suffered by the foresight of his suffering; by the temptations of the devil; by an affecting view of the sins of men; and especially by the absence of his heavenly Father. Hence, when his body was untouched, in the garden of Gethsemane, he cries out, "My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death!" And elsewhere, "Now is my soul deeply troubled."
In short, as one expresses it, the sufferings of his soulÂ—were the soul of his sufferings. The sense of bodily pain may be swallowed up in the pleasing sensations of divine love. So some have found by happy experience, who have suffered for righteousness sake. But Jesus denied himself that happiness which he has given to many of his servants. His soul was sorrowful, exceeding sorrowful, even unto death; and all thisÂ—for such sinners as us!
And shall this have no weighty effect among the creatures for whom he endured all this? Make an experiment upon your hard hearts with this thought, and try if they can resist its energy, "You shall make his soul an offering for sin." You shall make; that is, you, the great God and Father of all. This sacrifice is provided by your wisdom and grace, and appointed by your authority, who have a right to settle the terms of forgiveness; and therefore we may be sure this sacrifice is acceptable; this atonement is sufficient. This method of salvation is your contrivance and establishment, and therefore valid and firm. Here, my brethren, is a sure foundation; here, and nowhere else. Can you produce a divine warrant for depending on your own righteousness, or anything else? No! but this offering for sin is of divine appointment, and therefore you may safely venture your eternal all upon it. "Come, you afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted;" come, build upon this rockÂ—and you shall never fall.
Or the words may be rendered, "When his soul shall make an offering for sin." And in this sense it is signified that this was Christ's own voluntary act. He consented to the arduous undertaking; he consented to be our substitute, and offered himself a sacrifice for us. He was under no previous constraint; subject to no compulsion. This he tells us himself: "No man takes my life from me; but I lay it down of my own accord" John 10:18. Thus it was his own free choice; and this consideration prodigiously enhances his love. A forced favor is but a small favor. But Jesus willingly laid down his lifeÂ—when he had power to keep it. He voluntarily ascended the crossÂ—when he might have still continued on the throne. He was absolute Lord and proprietor of himself, under no obligations to any, until he assumed them by his own consent.
When martyrs have died in the cause of righteousness, they did but what was their previous duty; their lives were not theirsÂ—but his who gave them, his to whom they devoted them; and they had no right to them when he demanded them; nor were they able to protect them against the power of their enemies. But Jesus resigned what was his own absolute property; and he resigned his life when it was in his power to have retained it. All the united forces of earth and hell could not have touched his lifeÂ—had not he consented. As with one word he spoke them into being, so with a word he could have blasted all their powers, or remanded them into nothing, as he found them. Of this he gave a specimen, when by saying "I am he," (John 18:6,) I am the despised Nazarene whom you are seeking, he struck an armed company down to the earth; and he could as easily have chained them there, and never allowed them to rise more.
Here was love indeed, that he should offer himself a voluntary, self-devoted sacrifice! And if he made his soul an offering for sin when he was not obliged to itÂ—then will not you voluntarily love and serve him, when you are obliged to it; obliged by all the ties of authority and gratitude, of duty and self-interest?
Let me bring home this overture to your hearts: will you, of your own choice, devote yourselves to his serviceÂ—who consented to devote himself a victim for your sins? Are you willing to live to himÂ—when you are bound to do it; to him who died for youÂ—when he was not bound to do it? You have the easier task of the two: to live a life of holiness, and to die upon a cross, are very different things; and will you not do thus much for him? Methinks this abundance of love might constrain you to it; and will you not so much as honestly attempt that which you are bound to by the most strong and endearing obligations? If you reject this proposal, make no pretensions to gratitude, a regard to the most sacred and rightful authority, or any noble disposition. You are sunk into the most sordid and aggravated degree of wickedness, and every generous and pious passion is extinct within you!
Now, what shall be the consequence, what the reward of all these sufferings of Christ? Shall he endure all this in vain? Shall he receive no compensation? Yes; for,
2. My text tells you that "he shall prolong his days". The self-devoted victim shall have a glorious resurrection. His days were cut off in the midst; but he rose again, and shall enjoy an endless length of happy and glorious days! That he was once dead, he was not ashamed to own, when he appeared in majesty to John. "Fear not," says he, "I am the first and the last; I am he who lives, and was dead; and behold I am alive for evermore!" Revelation 1:17, 18. The man that hung on Calvary, and lay dead in the tomb of Joseph of ArimatheaÂ— where is he now? Oh! he has burst the bonds of death, triumphed over the grave, and enjoys an immortal life. And this immortal life he spends in a station of the most exalted dignity and perfect happiness forever.
See Jesus, "who was made a little lower than the angels for the sufferings of death, crowned with glory and honor!" Hebrews 2:9. Because "he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross! Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father!" Philippians 2:8-11
It was for this end that "Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living!" Romans 14:9. By his death he acquired universal government, and has the keys of the vast invisible world, and of death which leads into it; Revelation 1:18. This was a great part of that joy which was set before him, for the sake of which he endured the cross, despising the shame! Hebrews 12:2.
And is the poor, despised, insulted, crucified JesusÂ—thus exalted? Then I proclaim, like the herald before Joseph, when advanced to be prime minister to Pharaoh, "Bow the knee! submit to him, you sons of men. He has bought you with his blood, and has a right to your subjection; therefore yield yourselves to him. This day become his willing subjects, and swear allegiance to him at his table. To him let every knee in this assembly bow, and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord!"
And do you now feel your hearts begin to yield? Are your souls in the posture of humble homage? Are you ready to say, "Lord Jesus, reign over this soul of mine! See, I resign it as the willing captive of your cross!"
Or will you stand it out against him? Shall your hearts and practices, as it were, send a message after him, now when he is advanced to his heavenly throne, "We will not have this man to reign over us!" Then I proclaim you rebelsÂ—willful, inexcusable rebels against the supreme, the most rightful, and the most gracious government of Christ! And if you continue suchÂ—you must perish forever by the sword of his justice, without a possibility of escaping! You cannot rebel against the crucified Jesus with impunity, for he is not now dying on the cross, or lying senseless in the grave. He lives! he lives to avenge the affront! He lives forever, to punish you forever! He shall prolong his daysÂ—to prolong your torment! Therefore, you have no alternativeÂ—but to submit to himÂ—or perish!
I may also propose the immortality and exaltation of Christ to you, as an encouragement to desponding souls. So the apostle uses it, "He is able to save to the uttermost, all who come unto God by him, seeing he ever lives." Hebrews 7:25. In trusting your souls to himÂ—you do not commit them to a dead Savior. It is true, he was once dead, over 1700 years ago; but now he is alive; and behold he lives for evermore. He lives to communicate his Spirit for your sanctification; he lives to look after you in your pilgrimage through this wilderness; he lives to send down supplies to you according to your needs; he lives to make perpetual intercession for you (which is the thing the apostle had in view), to plead your cause, to urge your claims founded on his blood, and to solicit blessings for you! He lives foreverÂ—to make you happy forever. And will you not venture to trust your souls in his hand? You may safely do it without fear. He has power and authority to protect you, being the Supreme Being, Lord of all, and having all things subjected to him; and consequently, nothing can hurt youÂ—if he undertakes to be your guard. You trembling weaklings, would it not be better for you to fly to him for refugeÂ—than to stand on your own footing, afraid of falling every hour? He can, he will support you, if you lean upon him!
And does not he appear to you as an object of loveÂ—in his exalted state? He is all-glorious, and deserves your love; and he is all benevolence and mercy, and therefore self-interest, one would think, would induce you to love him; for to what end is he exalted? Isaiah will tell you, "He is exaltedÂ—that he may have mercy upon you." Isaiah 30:18. He has placed himself upon his throne, as upon an eminence, may I so speak, that he may more advantageously scatter blessings among the needy crowd beneath him, that look up to him with eager wishful eyes, like the lame beggar on Peter and John, expecting to receive something from them. And shall not such grace and bounty, in one so highly advanced above you, excite your love? Certainly it must, unless that the principle of gratitude be lost in your hearts!
Finally, may I not propose the exaltation and immortality of the Lord Jesus, as an object of rejoicing to you who are his friends? Friends naturally rejoice in the honors conferred upon one another, and mutually congratulate each other's success. And will not you who love JesusÂ—rejoice with him, that he is not now where he once was; not hanging on a painful and ignominious crossÂ—but seated on a glorious throne! Not insulted by the rabbleÂ—but adored by all the heavenly multitudes! Not pierced with a crown of thornsÂ—but adorned with a crown of unfading glory! Not oppressed under loads of sufferingsÂ—but exulting in the fullness of everlasting joys! Must you not rejoice that his sufferings for you had so happy an outcome with regard to himself? Oh! can you be sunk in sorrowÂ—while your Head is exalted to so much glory and happiness, and that as a reward for the shame and pain he endured for you? Methinks a generous sympathy should affect all his members; and if you have no reason to rejoice on your own accountÂ—yet rejoice for your Head; share in the joys of your Lord!
Thus you see that Jesus Christ has obtained the richest reward in his own person. But is this all? Shall his sufferings have no happy consequences with regard to others; in which he may rejoice as well as for himself? Yes, for,
3. My text tells you, that "he shall see his seed. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied; and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand." What an emphatic variety of expressions are here to signify the pleasure which Christ takes in observing the happy fruits of his death, in the salvation of many of the ruined sons of men!
"He shall see his seed." By his seed are meantÂ—those saved by his grace, his followers, the sincere professors of his religion. The disciples or followers of a noted person, for example, a prophet or philosopher, are seldom denominated his seed or children. These words are parallel to those spoken by himself, in the near prospect of his sufferings; "Truly, truly, I say unto you, except a grain of wheat falls into the ground and diesÂ—it abides alone: but if it diesÂ—it brings forth much fruit." John 12:24. So unless Jesus had fallen to the ground and diedÂ—he would have abode alone; he would have possessed his native heaven in solitude, as to any of the sons of Adam. But now by his dying, and lying entombed in the ground, he has produced a large increase.
One dying ChristÂ—has produced thousands, millions of Christians! His blood was prolific; it was indeed "the seed of the church!" And, blessed be God, its prolific virtue is not yet failed. His spiritual seed have been growing up from age to age, and oh the delightful thought! they have sprung up in this barren soil, though, alas! they too often appear thin and withering. These tender plants of righteousness have sprung up in some of your families; and I trust, a goodly number of them are here in the courts of the Lord today. If you search after the rootÂ—you will find it rises from the blood of Jesus; and it is his blood that gives it nourishment!
Jesus came into our world, and shed the blood of his heart on the ground, that it might produce a crop of souls for the harvest of eternal glory! And without this, we could no more expect itÂ—than wheat without seed or moisture. A part of this seed is already ripened and gathered into the granary of heaven, like a shock of ripened corn. Another part is still in this unfriendly climate suffering the extremities of winter, covered with snow, nipped with frost, languishing in drought, and trodden under foot! Such are you, the plants of righteousness, who now hear me. But you are ripening apace, and your harvest is just at hand!
Therefore, bear up under the severities of winter; for that coldness of heart, that drought for lack of divine influences, those storms of temptations, and those oppressions which now tread you downÂ—will shortly be over!
Oh! when shall we see this heavenly seed spring up in this place, in a more extensive and promising degree! When you travel through the country, in this temperate season, with which God has blessed our country which was parched and languishing last yearÂ—how agreeable is the survey of wide, extensive fields, promising plenteous crops of various kinds! And oh! shall we not have a fruitful season of spiritual seed among us! May I accommodate the words of Jesus to this assembly, "Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest!" John 4:35. Oh! Has the happy season come, when we shall see a large crop of converts in this place? Then welcome, you long-expected season! But alas! is not this a flattering hope? Is it not, on the other hand, a barren season with us? Is not the harvest past and the summer overÂ—while so many are not saved? Oh! the melancholy thought! If it has been so with us for some time, oh let us endeavor to make this a fruitful day!
We may perhaps more naturally understand this metaphor as taken, not from the seed of vegetablesÂ—but that of man; and so it signifies a posterity, which is often called seed. This only gives us another view of the same case. Spiritual children are rising up to Christ from age to age, from country to country; and blessed be his name, the succession is not yet at an endÂ—but will run on as long as the sun endures! Spiritual children are daily begotten by his Word in one part of the world or other; and even of this place it may be said, "that this and that man was born here." And are there none among you now, who feel the pangs of the new birth, and are about to be added to the number of his children? Oh that many may be born to him this day! Oh that this day we may feel the prolific virtue of that blood which was shed over 1700 years ago!
"He shall see his seed." It is a comfort to a dying man to see a numerous offspring to keep up his name, and inherit his estate. This comfort Jesus had in all the calamities of his life, and in all the agonies of death; and this animated him to endure all with patience. He saw some of his spiritual children weeping around him while hanging on the cross. He looked forward to the end of time, and saw a numerous offspring rising up from age to age to call him blessed, to bear up his name in the world, and to share in his heavenly inheritance. And oh! may we not indulge the pleasing hope, that from his cross he cast a look towards this assembly in Hanover!
In his last agonies he was revived with this reflection: "I shall not die in vain! I see my seed dispersed over the world, and reaching the wilds of America! I foresee that a number of them, towards the end of the world, will meet in Hanover, gratefully to commemorate the sufferings I am now enduring, and devote themselves to me forever."
O my brethren! will you not afford the blessed Jesus this pleasure? It is but little, very little, for all the tortures he bore for you: your sins have given him many a wound, many a pang, and will you not now grant him this satisfaction?
But the cross is not the only place from whence he takes a view of his spiritual seed. He is now exalted to his throne in the highest heavens; and from thence he takes a wide survey of the universe. He looks down upon our world: he beholds kings in their grandeur, victorious generals with all their power, nobles and great men in all their pomp; but these are not the objects that best please his eyes. "He sees his seed;" he sees one here, and another there, bought with his blood, and born of his Spirit; and this is the most delightful sight our world can afford him. Some of them may be oppressed with poverty, covered with rags, or ghastly with famine; they may make no great figure in mortal eyes; but he loves to look at them, he esteems them as his children, and the fruits of his dying pangs.
His eyes are upon this assembly today! And if there is one of His spiritual seed among usÂ—He can distinguish them in the crowd. He sees you drinking in His Words with eager ears! He sees you at his table commemorating His love! He sees your hearts breaking with penitential sorrows, and melting at His cross! And oh! should we not all be solicitous, that we be of that happy number on whom his eyes are thus graciously fixed?
But these are not the only children whom He delights to view; they are not all in such an abject, imperfect state. No! He sees a glorious company of them around His throne in heaven, arrived to maturity, enjoying their inheritance, and resembling their divine Parent!
How does His benevolent heart rejoice to look over the immense plains of heavenÂ—and see them all peopled with His seed! When He takes a view of this numerous offspring, sprung from His blood, and when He looks down to our worldÂ—and sees so many infants in grace, gradually advancing to their adult age; when He sees some, perhaps every hour since He died upon Calvary, entering the gates of heaven, having finished their course of education upon earth; I say, when this prospect appears to Him on every handÂ—how does He rejoice!
Now the prophecy in my text is fulfilled! "He shall see of the travail of His soulÂ—and shall be satisfied!" If you put the sentiments of His benevolent heart into language, methinks He would say, "Since My death has been so fruitful of such a glorious posterityÂ—I am well satisfied. I desire no other reward for all My agonies for them. If this end is but answeredÂ—I am fully satisfied by My hanging on the tree for them!"
O sirs, must not your heart melt away within you, to hear such language as this? See the strength of the love of Jesus! If you are but savedÂ—He does not begrudge His blood and life for you! Your salvation makes amends for all His sufferings! He asks no other reward from youÂ—than that you will become his spiritual seed, and behave as children towards him. This He accounts His greatest joyÂ—a joy more than equivalent to all the pains He endured for you! And oh! my brethren, will you not afford him this joy today? This is a point I have much at heart, and therefore I must urge it upon you; nay, I can take no denial in it! Jesus has done and suffered a great deal for you; and has gratitude never constrained you to inquire how you can oblige him? or what you shall do for him in return?
If this be your sincere inquiryÂ—you have an answer immediately! Devote yourselves to his service, love and obey him as his dutiful children, that he may save you. If you would oblige him, if you would give him full satisfaction for all the sorrows you have caused himÂ—then do this; do thisÂ—or nothing; for nothing else can please him.
Suppose that He should this day appear to you in that suffering formÂ—sweating great drops of blood, accused, insulted, bruised, scourged, nailed upon the cross! And suppose He should turn to you with a countenance full of love and pity, and drenched with blood and tears, and address you in such moving language as this:
"See! sinnersÂ—see what I suffer for you! See at what a dear rate I purchase your salvation! See how I love you! And now I have only this to ask of you in return: that you would forsake those murderous sins which thus torment Me; that you would love and serve Me; and receive that salvation which I am now purchasing with the blood of My heart! This I ask, with all the importunity of My last breath, of My bleeding wounds, and My expiring groans. Grant Me but thisÂ—and I am well satisfied! I shall think of all My sufferings, as well bestowed."
I say, suppose he should address you thus in person, what answer would he receive from this assembly? Oh! would you not all cry out with one voice, "Lord Jesus, you have overcome us with your love: here we consent to your request. Prescribe anythingÂ—and we will obey. Nothing can be a sufficient compensation for such dying love!"
Well, my brethren, though Jesus is not here in personÂ—yet he makes the same request to you by the preaching of the gospel, he makes the same request by the significant representation of his sufferings, just about to be given by sacramental signs; and therefore make the same answer now, which you would to himself in person!
He has had much grief from Hanover before now: many sins committed here lay heavy upon him, and bruised and wounded him; and oh! will you not afford him joy this day? Will you not give him the satisfaction he desires? His eyes are now running through this assembly, and shall he not see of the travail of his soul? Shall he not see the happy fruits of his death? There is joy in heaven at the conversion of one sinnerÂ—and Jesus has the most joy. And will you endeavor to rob him of it? If you reject his proposal, the language of your conduct is, "He shall have no cause of joyÂ—as far as I can hinder it! He shall have none from me; all his sufferings shall be in vainÂ—as far as I can render them so!" And are you not shocked at such blasphemy and base ingratitude?
The happiness of Christ's exalted state consists, in a great degreeÂ—in the pleasure of seeing the designs of his death accomplished in the conversion and salvation of sinners; and therefore, by denying him this, you attempt to degrade him, to rob him of his happiness, and to make him more a man of sorrows. And can you venture upon such impiety and ingratitude? I tell you, sirs, it will not do to profess his name, to compliment him with the formalities of religion, and to be Christians in pretense, while you do not depart from iniquity, and while your hearts are not fired with his love. He takes no pleasure in seeing such spurious seed, that have no resemblance to their pretended Father; but he will disown them at last, as he did the Jews, and tell them, "You are of your father, the devilÂ—whose deeds you do!" John 8:44.
The thing in which he would rejoice, and which I am inculcating upon you, is: that as penitent, helpless sinners, you will cast yourselves entirely upon the merit of his atonement, devote yourselves to his service, and submit to him as your Lord; that is, that you would become true, genuine, sincere Christians! This, and nothing short of this, would afford him pleasure! And can you refuse it to him; especially when it will afford the greatest pleasure to yourselves as well? Permit me, my dear brethren, to insist upon itÂ—that you rejoice the heart of the blessed Jesus today.
I request you in his name and steadÂ—and to which of you shall I make the request with success? Will you gratify him in thisÂ—or will you refuse? Some of you, poor negroes, have, I hope, rejoiced the heart of Christ, by submitting to him as your Savior; and are there no more among you who will do him this kindness? Oh! can any of you bear the thought of refusing? He bore the black crimes of many a poor negro; and now he is looking upon you, to see what return you will make to him. Come, then, you who are at once slaves to men, and slaves to sinÂ—let the Son make you free, and you shall be free indeed! He will deliver you from sin and SatanÂ—the worst of masters, and bring you into the glorious liberty of his children!
Here I would, for a while, drop the noble principle of gratitude to Christ; and endeavor to work upon that principle of self-love, which, though less noble, is more strong in degenerate creatures. In affording Christ this pleasure, you will also afford the greatest pleasure to yourselves; for it is your happiness, your salvation, that he rejoices inÂ—and therefore, in grieving himÂ—you only ruin yourselves. Receive him as your Savior and LordÂ—and you shall be happy forever; but if you reject himÂ—you are forever undone; he will not save you, and where will you look for a Savior? To which of the saints, to which of the angels, will you turn? But alas! If you are not savedÂ—then He will rejoice over your damnation! He will glorify Himself in your destruction! The flames of hell will burn dreadfully brightÂ—when He will please Himself in the execution of His justice upon you!
But, on the other hand, if you afford him joy at your conversion this day, he will reward you forever; he will reward you with all the unspeakable joys of heaven!
Here, then, is a twofold cord to draw you to Jesus Christ: the love of ChristÂ—and the love of yourselves! And one would think such a cord could not easily be broken. Can any of you resist the united force of gratitudeÂ—and self-interest? Are you so unnatural as to sin against ChristÂ—and against your own life; to ruin yourselves rather than to oblige him? Who would think that the once noble nature of man should ever be capable of such a degree of degeneracy? And oh! who would have thought that the Son of God would lay down his life, or even entertain one benevolent thought for such base ungrateful creaturesÂ—who care so little for him, or even for their own true interest?
I must bring this matter to a short issue; and it is this; you must either afford Christ this generous pleasure, by receiving and submitting to him this dayÂ—OR you will return home under the additional guilt of rejecting him, and doing all you could to reduce him into misery again; and if you continue such, which, alas! is not improbable, you must feel his eternal resentments, and perish forever under the weight of His righteous vengeance!
Let us now proceed to another part of the text.
"The pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand." It is the pleasure of the Lord that sinners should be saved through the mediation of Jesus Christ; I say, through the mediation of Jesus Christ; for he is determined they shall not be saved in any other way! He is determined that those who refuse to be saved in this wayÂ—shall not be saved at all. Because their salvation in any other wayÂ—would not be consistent with the glory of his perfections, the honor of his government, and his character as the supreme Magistrate of the universe! And his honor and glory are of more importanceÂ— than the happiness of all created worlds. And therefore their salvation and happiness cannot be obtained in any way inconsistent with it.
But through the mediation of Christ sinners may be savedÂ—and in the meantime the honor of the divine perfections and government secured, and even illustrated! He has made atonement for sin, and answered the demands of the divine law and justice; so that God can now be just, and yet justify the one who believes in Jesus. Hence God is in Christ; observe, in Christ, reconciling the world to himself. 2 Corinthians 5:19. His heart is set on it; and the success of this scheme affords him the greatest pleasure.
It is not only your interestÂ—but your duty to be saved. It is as much your duty to enter into heaven, as to pray, or to perform any other part of religion. And your destruction will not only be your righteous punishmentÂ—but your sin; the most criminal self-murder! God has been pleased to interpose his authority, to give greater force to the principle of self-love. Your interest has this additional recommendation, that it is your duty; and you sin against GodÂ—in ruining yourselves!
Here again my subject leads me to address myself to the united principles of gratitude and self-love. Will you not afford the Lord who made youÂ—this benevolent pleasure? Will you not gratify him in thisÂ—when it is your happiness he seeks? Has neither the pleasure of God, nor your own immortal interestÂ—any weight with you? Is sin dearer to you than both! Alas! if you are not to be wrought upon by considerations drawn from the love of God; or love to yourselves, from gratitude or self-interest; from what topic shall I reason with you? If this is the case, you are no longer to be dealt with as reasonable creaturesÂ—but as brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed!
This work of saving sinners, God has entrusted to Jesus Christ: and he has chosen a very proper person for so grand and difficult an undertaking! The pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his handÂ—or under his management. He knows how to carry on the scheme of salvation, to the best advantage. The work has been going on from Adam to this day, in spite of all opposition; and it is not now at a standstill.
Oh that it may prosper among you, my dear people! Oh that the sacred Trinity, and all the angels on high, may look down with pleasure this dayÂ—on this guilty spot, rejoicing to see the grand scheme of salvation successfully going on! My brethren, will you not fall in with the design? A design so favorable to yourselves! Will you not all concur to promote it, and carry it into execution upon a child, a friend, a neighbor, and especially upon yourselves? Or will you set yourselves against the Lord, and against his Anointed, by refusing to fall in with this scheme? Will you join in the conspiracy against it with the malevolent powers of hellÂ—who oppose it with all their might, because it tends to your salvation? You readily concur in any scheme for your temporal advantage, and why not in this? Alas! Is the happiness of heavenÂ—the only kind of happiness that you are careless about? Is the salvation of your immortal soulÂ—the only deliverance for which you have no desire? Alas! Have you become so stupidly wicked!!
This subject affords strong consolation to such of you as have complied with the method of salvation through Christ, since the salvation of sinners in this way is the pleasure of the Lord; and since it is entrusted to the faithful and skillful hands of Christ, under whose management it will prosperÂ—you may be sure that his good pleasure will be accomplished with respect to you, and that the divine scheme shall be carried into complete execution, in spite of all opposition. Therefore rejoice in your security, and bless his name to whom you owe it.
I shall conclude with a few PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS adapted to this solemn sacramental occasion:
The table of the Lord is just about to be spread among us. This is another instance of the grace and benevolence of Christ; for to remember him, who is the design of this ordinance, is not only your dutyÂ—but your privilege and happiness. The remembrance of him has virtue in it: to refresh your souls, to heal your wounded consciences, and to revive your languishing graces. Hence it is that this ordinance is not only a memorial of ChristÂ—but a feast for your refreshment and support! And consequently, his making it a standing ordinance in his church is a standing evidence of his good-will to his people to the end of the world! It is trueÂ—that it is an institution little regarded, even in the professing Christian world. To many, the table of the Lord is contemptible, for they stand by and gaze at itÂ—as unconcerned, or curious spectators. But this does not depreciate it, nor is it a reason why you should desert it.
Come, all children of GodÂ—and crowd round your Father's table today! Let Jesus see his seed feasting together in commemoration of him, and in mutual love with one another. Let him now see of the travail of his soul, the children with whom he travailed as in birth; let him now see a goodly company of them around his tableÂ—that he may be satisfied!
Let me remind you that you have caused him many a heavy hour, and much pain and sorrow; therefore let him in return have pleasure and satisfaction from you this day! Oh! rejoice that heartÂ—which you have often broken, and let there be joy in heaven over you! Let the angels who are ministering to the saints, and who are no doubt hovering unseen over this assembly, viewing those humble memorials of that Savior whom they behold without a veil in his native heaven; let them carry up glad tidings to their Lord this evening, and tune their harps aboveÂ—to higher strains of joy and praise!
And oh! that the lost sheep would this day return, that their kind Shepherd may rejoice over them! He came from heaven in search of youÂ—and will you keep out of his way and fear falling into his hands? Let wandering prodigals return, that there may be joy in your Father's house, whose arms are stretched out to embrace you, and who is looking after you with eager eyes! Oh let the pleasure of the Lord prosper among us this dayÂ—and it will be a day gratefully to be remembered to all eternity!
This ordinance is also a seal of the covenant of grace; therefore come to it this day to renew your contract with your God and Savior; to take him for your God, and to give up yourselves to him as his people, in an everlasting covenant never to be forgotten! Make a sure covenant; call heaven and earth, God, angels and men, to be witness to it, and seal it with the memorials of your dying Redeemer! You had need to make it firm, for much depends upon it; and you have much to go through to perform the duties of the Christian life: to conflict with powerful temptations: to die; to stand at the supreme tribunal. These are the things you are to go through; and you cannot pass through them with honor or safety, unless you make sure of an interest in God, and give up your all into his hands.
This institution is also intended to cultivate the communion of the saints; and therefore, as children, you are to sit down at the table of your common Father, with hearts full of ardent love to mankind, and especially to the household of faith. Let no angry or malicious passion pollute this sacred feast; but be all charity and benevolence, like that Redeemer whose death you celebrate.
Finally, You are now to renew your vows and obligations to be the Lord's, and to walk in his ways all the days of your life. See that you enter into them with an entire dependence upon his strength! And oh! remember them afterwards, to carry them into execution.
One would think that all traitors would be forever deterred from sitting down at the Lord's table, by the shocking example of Judas, the first hypocrite who profaned it. And oh! one would think that vows, made in so solemn a posture, and with the emblems of Christ's body and blood in your handsÂ—would not soon be forgotten as trifles. It is, methinks, an exploit of wickedness to be capable of this; and none of you, I hope, are audacious enough to venture upon it!