What is the difference (if any) between preaching and teaching?
The first time the word preach is used (in the AV) is in Nehemiah 6:7
And thou hast also appointed prophets to preach of thee at Jerusalem, saying, There is a king in Judah: and now shall it be reported to the king according to these words. Come now therefore, and let us take counsel together.
The Hebrew word here is qaraÆ and here is the Strong's lexicon definition:
07121. qaraÆ kaw-raw; a primitive root [rather identical with 07122 through the idea of accosting a person met]; to call out to (i.e. properly, address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications):bewray [self], that are bidden, call (for, forth, self, upon), cry (unto), (be) famous, guest, invite, mention, (give) name, preach, (make) proclaim(-ation), pronounce, publish, read, renowned, say.
The first time the word teach is used (in the AV) is in Exodus 4:12
Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou shalt say.
The Hebrew word here is yarah and here is the Strong's lexicon definition:
03384. yarah yaw-raw; or (#2Ch 26:15) yaraÆ yaw-raw; a primitive root; properly, to flow as water (i.e. to rain); transitively, to lay or throw (especially an arrow, i.e. to shoot); figuratively, to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach: (+) archer, cast, direct, inform, instruct, lay, shew, shoot, teach(-er, -ing), through.
Here are some verses that include both preach and teach to get us started:
And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease among the people.
Now it came to pass, when Jesus finished commanding His twelve disciples, that He departed from there to teach and to preach in their cities.
preaching the kingdom of God and teaching the things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ with all confidence, no one forbidding him.
You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal?
Him we preach, warning every man and teaching every man in all wisdom, that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus.
2 Timothy 4:2
Preach the word! Be ready in season and out of season. Convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.