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 Greek Sentence Structure

Is anyone familiar with the sentence structure rules that would have applied to this passage?

[url=http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1%20thess%205:23;&version=15;68;]1 Thess 5:23 English & Greek[/url]

I have a question regarding this part:
"your whole spirit, and soul, and body"
"ολοκληρον υμων το πνευμα και η ψυχη και το σωμα"

Does the adjective apply to all three of the following nouns? Could it be correctly interpreted as only applying to the first noun?

Thanks if you can help.
Ben

 2008/11/17 22:21
docs
Member



Joined: 2006/9/16
Posts: 1983


 Re: Greek Sentence Structure

I took a class in Greek but it was long ago so I'm not up to speed. But my NASB reads:

"Now may the God peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ."

The translation or reading you are using includes the word whole. No problem, I'm just pointing out the difference because I don't see that word (whole) in the NASB. But, I would think the adjective applies to all three. In the sense that Paul is saying that God will sanctify "you" entirely. You meaning in your entirety - your whole spirit, whole soul, and whole body.

That's not presented as beng the final word but I hope it helps. I can do word studies etc. but the sentence structure rules etc. are beyond my ability right now.

"Doc"


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David Winter

 2008/11/18 11:13Profile
philologos
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Joined: 2003/7/18
Posts: 6566
Reading, UK

 Re:

Quote:
by docs on 2008/11/18 16:13:13
"Now may the God peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." The translation or reading you are using includes the word whole. No problem, I'm just pointing out the difference because I don't see that word (whole) in the NASB. But, I would think the adjective applies to all three. In the sense that Paul is saying that God will sanctify "you" entirely. You meaning in your entirety - your whole spirit, whole soul, and whole body.


The NASB has translated the word 'whole' as 'complete'. It is the word [url=http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G3648&t=KJV]holoklēros (Strong's G3648) [/url] If you really want to get into the depths of the word you might try [url=http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/trench/section.cfm?sectionID=22&lexicon=true&strongs=G3648]Trench's Synonyms[/url] although that will be overkill for most people.

The other word that Trench refers to is [url=http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/trench/section.cfm?sectionID=22&lexicon=true&strongs=G3648]holotelēs (Strong's G3651) [/url]which is the word translated 'entirely' in your NASB.

As regards the exegesis I think you are right that it is a way of referring to the whole man.


_________________
Ron Bailey

 2008/11/18 11:26Profile





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