17. There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.
17. Non erit meretrix e filiabus Israel, neque erit scortum masculum e filiis Israel.
This passage is akin to the foregoing; for in the first clause He forbids that girls should be prostituted. Some think that a whore is called in Hebrew qdsh, kedeshah, because she is exposed to, and prepared for sin; but her pollution, the opposite of sanctity, seems rather to be expressed by antiphrasis. At any rate, a precept of chastity is given, that it should not be lawful for unmarried girls to have connection with men. In the second clause there is some ambiguity, |There shall be no qds, kadesh, of the sons of Israel;| for in other passages it is clearly used for a catamite, or male harlot, but there is no reason why it should not be rendered a fornicator. In this sense the word seems to be used in the Book of Job: |The hypocrites shall die in youth, (or in the flower of their age,) and their life is among the qdsym, kedeshim,| which is equivalent to their being infamous and shameful in life. (Job 36:14.) But if it be preferred to apply it to sodomy, all impurity is condemned by synecdoche