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Harmony Of The Law Volume 2 by Jean Calvin

Leviticus 24:5-9

5. And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth-deals shall be in one cake.

5. Accipies similam, et coques ex ea duodecim placentas: duarum decimarum sit unaquseque placenta.

6. And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the LORD.

6. Et pones eas in duobus ordinibus: seni ordines super mensam mundam coram Jehova.

7. And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

7. Pones quoque super ordinem utrunque thus purum, eritque pani in memoriale et incensum Jehovae.

8. Every sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant.

8. Per singula sabbatha ordinabit illos coram Jehova semper, a filiis Israel foedere sempiterno.

9. And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and they shall eat it in the holy place: for it is most holy unto him of the offerings of the LORD made by fire by a perpetual statute.

9. Et erit Aharonis et filiorum ejus, qui comedent eum in loco sancto: quia sanctitatis sanctitatum est ei ex oblationibus ignitis Jehovae statuto perpetuo.

We now come to the third part of the external service of God, which will bring us to the end of our exposition of the Second Commandment. We have, then, now to treat of the sacred oblations, the first place amongst which I have thought it best to give to the loaves, which had their peculiar table opposite the candlestick on the north side, as we saw in the construction of the Tabernacle; for although the mention of them will recur elsewhere, yet, since they were offered separately, and placed before the Ark of the Covenant, as it were in God's sight, they must not be treated of apart from the sacrifices. I have already explained that this was no ordinary symbol of God's favor, when He descended familiarly to them, as if He were their messmate. They were called |the bread of faces,| because they were placed before the eyes of God; and thus He made known His special favor, as if coming to banquet with them. Nor can it be doubted but that He commanded them to be twelve in number, with reference to the twelve tribes, as if He would admit to His table the food offered by each of them. The |two tenths| make the fifth part of the epah. And it is plaia indeed that this rite was thus accurately prescribed by God, lest diversity in so serious a matter might gradually give birth to many corruptions. In the word |tenths,| He seems to allude to the tax which He had imposed on the people, that thus the holiness of the loaves might be enhanced. But why He required two |tenths| rather than one I know not, nor do I think it any use more curiously to inquire. I refer to the frankincense the words, |that it may be on the bread for a memorial:| as if it were said that the bread, seasoned by the smell of the incense, would renew the memory of the children of Israel, so that they should be of sweet savor before God. Others translate it |a monument| instead of |for a memorial,| but with the same meaning. But although some think that the bread itself is called a memorial, it is more applicable to the frankincense; for it is afterwards added, that the incense should be at the same time a burnt sacrifice, viz., because in it the bread was, as it were, offered in burnt sacrifice.

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