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Life And Work In Benares And Kumaon 1839-1877 by James Kennedy

STATISTICS.

Area of India and British Burma, 1,495,574 sq. miles. Population in 1881, 254,899,516.

Under British rule 197,815,508 Under Native rule 57,084,008

Hindus 187,931,450 Muhammadans 50,127,585 Buddhists -- almost entirely in British
Burma 3,418,884
Sikhs 853,426 Aborigines -- mainly Demon worshippers 6,426,511

Christians
Europeans 142,000
Eurasians 62,000
Protestant Native Christians 492,882
Roman Catholics 865,643
Syrians -- about 300,000
-- -- -- -- 1,862,525
Other Creeds not specified 4,479,135

The increase of the Native Christian community connected with Protestant Missions from 1851 to 1861 was 53 per cent.; from 1861 to 1871, 61 per cent.; and from 1871 to 1881, 86 per cent. The number of communicants rose from 14,000 in 1851 to 113,000 in 1881. Within the last decade the number of native ordained agents has risen from 225 to 461; of native lay preachers from 1,900 to 2,400; of native Christian teachers from 1,900 to 3,400; of native Christian female agents from 800 to 1,600. The number of male pupils in Mission schools in 1851 was 50,000; in 1881, 129,000. The female pupils increased within that period from 11,000 to 56,000. The increase in Zenana pupils was from 1,900 in 1871 to 9,100 in 1881.

[Footnote 4: Including 65,000 British soldiers.]

[Footnote 5: Including 75,510 in British Burma, but not the 35,708 in Ceylon.]

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