II. If it be said, |that God, by his eternal decree, has determined and governs all things and every thing, even the depraved wills of men, to appointed good ends,| does it follow from this, that God is the author of sin?
II. Is |to determine or direct all things and every thing, even the depraved wills of men, to appointed good ends,| the same thing as |to determine that man be made corrupt, by which a way may be opened for executing God's absolute decree concerning damning some men through wrath, and saving others through mercy?|
ANSWER TO THIS QUESTION
Sin is the transgression of the law; therefore, God will be the author of sin, if He cause any man to transgress the law. This is done by denying or taking away what is necessary for fulfilling the law, or by impelling men to sin. But if this |determination| be that of a will which is already depraved, since it does not signify the denying or the removing of grace nor a corrupt impelling to sin, it follows, that the consequence of this cannot be that God is the author of sin. But if this |determination| denote the decree of God by which He resolved that the will should become depraved, and that man should commit sin, then it follows from this that God is the author of sin.