Anti-pelagian Writings by St. Augustine
Chapter 22 [XV.]--A Summary Recapitulation of the Errors of Victor.
What these particular errors are, I have, to the best of my ability, already explained. But I will run over them again with a brief recapitulation. One is, |That God did not make the soul out of nothing, but out of His own self.| A second is, that |just as God who gives is Himself ever existent, so is He ever giving souls through infinite time.| The third is, that |the soul lost some merit by the flesh, which it had had previous to the flesh.| The fourth is, that |the soul by means of the flesh recovers its ancient condition, and is born again through the very same flesh by which it had deserved to be polluted.| The fifth is, that |the soul deserved to be sinful, previous to any sin.| The sixth is, that |infants which are forestalled by death before they are baptized, may yet attain to forgiveness of their original sins.| The seventh is, that |they whom the Lord has predestinated to be baptized may be taken away from his predestination, or die before that has been accomplished in them which the Almighty has predestined.| The eighth is, that |it is of infants who are fore-stalled by death, before they are born again in Christ, that the Scripture says, Speedily was he taken away, lest wickedness should alter his understanding,'| with the remainder of the passage to the same effect in the Book of Wisdom. The ninth is, that |there are outside the kingdom of God some of those mansions which the Lord said were in His Father's house.| The tenth is, that |the sacrifice of Christians ought to be offered in behalf of those who have departed out of the body without being baptized.| The eleventh is, that |some of those persons who have departed this life without the baptism of Christ do not in the meanwhile go into the kingdom, but into paradise; afterwards, however, in the resurrection of the dead, they attain even to the blessedness of the kingdom of heaven.|