Anti-pelagian Writings by St. Augustine
Chapter 34.--The Same Continued. On the Works of Unbelievers; Faith is the Initial Principle from Which Good Works Have Their Beginning; Faith is the Gift of God's Grace.
He will perhaps say to this: |It was not because of his works, but in consequence of his faith, that I said the apostle was worthy of having all those great graces bestowed upon him. His faith deserved this distinction, but not his works, which were not previously good.| Well, then, are we to suppose that faith does not work? Surely faith does work in a very real way, for it |worketh by love.| Preach up, however, as much as you like, the works of unbelieving men, we still know how true and invincible is the statement of this same apostle: |Whatsoever is not of faith is sin.| The very reason, indeed, why he so often declares that righteousness is imputed to us, not out of our works, but our faith, whereas faith rather works through love, is that no man should think that he arrives at faith itself through the merit of his works; for it is faith which is the beginning whence good works first proceed; since (as has already been stated) whatsoever comes not from faith is sin. Accordingly, it is said to the Church, in the Song of Songs: |Thou shalt come and pass by from the beginning of faith.| Although, therefore, faith procures the grace of producing good works, we certainly do not deserve by any faith that we should have faith itself; but, in its bestowal upon us, in order that we may follow the Lord by its help, |His mercy has prevented us.| Was it we ourselves that gave it to us? Did we ourselves make ourselves faithful? I must by all means say here, emphatically: |It is He that hath made us, and not we ourselves.| And indeed nothing else than this is pressed upon us in the apostle's teaching, when he says: |For I declare, through the grace that is given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.| Whence, too, arises the well-known challenge: |What hast thou that thou didst not receive?| inasmuch as we have received even that which is the spring from which everything we have of good in our actions takes its beginning.