1. Through desire ... seeketh -- that is, seeks selfish gratification.
intermeddleth ... wisdom -- or, |rushes on| (Pr 17:14) against all wisdom, or what is valuable (Pr 2:7).
2. that his heart ... itself -- that is, takes pleasure in revealing his folly (Pr 12:23; 15:2).
3. So surely are sin and punishment connected (Pr 16:4).
wicked, for |wickedness,| answers to
ignominy, or the state of such; and
contempt, the feeling of others to them; and to
reproach, a manifestation of contempt.
4. Wise speech is like an exhaustless stream of benefit.
5. accept the person -- (Compare Ps 82:2). |It is not good| is to be supplied before |to overthrow.|
6, 7. The quarrelsome bring trouble on themselves. Their rash language ensnares them (Pr 6:2).
8. (Compare Pr 16:28).
as wounds -- not sustained by the Hebrew; better, as |sweet morsels,| which men gladly swallow.
innermost ... belly -- the mind, or heart (compare Pr 20:27-30; Ps 22:14).
9. One by failing to get, the other by wasting wealth, grows poor.
waster -- literally, |master of washing,| a prodigal.
10. name of the Lord -- manifested perfections (Ps 8:1; 20:2), as faithfulness, power, mercy, &c., on which men rely.
is safe -- literally, |set on high, out of danger| (Ps 18:2; 91:4).
11. contrasts with Pr 18:10 (compare Pr 10:15). Such is a vain trust (compare Ps 73:6).
12. (Compare Pr 15:33; 16:18).
13. Hasty speech evinces self-conceit, and ensures shame (Pr 26:12).
14. infirmity -- bodily sickness, or outward evil. The spirit, which sustains, being wounded, no support is left, except, as implied, in God.
15. (Compare Pr 1:5, 15, 31).
16. (Compare Pr 17:8, 23). Disapproval of the fact stated is implied.
17. One-sided statements are not reliable.
searcheth -- thoroughly (Pr 17:9, 19).
18. The lot -- whose disposal is of God (Pr 16:13), may, properly used, be a right mode of settling disputes.
19. No feuds so difficult of adjustment as those of relatives; hence great care should be used to avoid them.
20. (Compare Pr 12:14; 13:2). Men's words are the fruit, or, increase of his lips, and when good, benefit them.
satisfied with -- (Compare Pr 1:31; 14:14).
21. Death and life -- or, the greatest evil and good.
that love it -- that is, the tongue, or its use for good or evil.
eat ... fruit -- (Compare Pr 18:19; Jas 1:19).
22. The old versions supply |good| before the |wife,| as the last clause and Pr 19:14 imply (compare Pr 31:10).
23. the rich ... roughly -- He is tolerated because rich, implying that the estimate of men by wealth is wrong.
24. A man ... friendly -- better, |A man ... (is) to, or, may triumph (Ps 108:9), or, shout for joy (Ps 5:11), that is, may congratulate himself.| Indeed, there is a Friend who is better than a brother; such is the |Friend of sinners| [Mt 11:19; Lu 7:34], who may have been before the writer's mind.