1. sacrifices -- or, |feasts| made with part of them (compare Pr 7:14; Le 2:3; 7:31).
with -- literally, |of.|
strife -- its product, or attendant.
2. (Compare Pr 14:35).
causeth shame -- (Pr 10:5).
shall ... inheritance -- that is, share a brother's part (compare Nu 27:4, 7).
3. God only knows, as He tries (Ps 12:6; 66:10) the heart.
4. Wicked doers and speakers alike delight in calumny.
5. (Compare Pr 14:31).
glad at calamities -- rejoicing in others' evil. Such are rightly punished by God, who knows their hearts.
6. Prolonged posterity is a blessing, its cutting off a curse (Pr 13:22; Ps 109:13-15), hence children may glory in virtuous ancestry.
7. Excellent speech -- (Compare Margin). Such language as ill suits a fool, as lying (ought to suit) a prince (Pr 16:12, 13).
8. One so corrupt as to take a bribe evinces his high estimate of it by subjection to its influence (Pr 18:16; 19:6).
9. seeketh love -- (Compare Margin). The contrast is between the peace-maker and tale-bearer.
10. Reproof more affects the wise than severe scourging, fools.
11. Such meet just retribution (1Ki 2:25).
a cruel messenger -- one to inflict it.
12. They are less rational in anger than wild beasts.
13. (Compare Ps 7:4; 35:12).
evil -- injury to another (Pr 13:21).
14. letteth ... water -- as a breach in a dam.
before ... meddled with -- before strife has become sharp, or, by an explanation better suiting the figure, before it rolls on, or increases.
15. abomination ... Lord -- as reversing His method of acting (Pr 3:32; 12:2).
16. Though wealth cannot buy wisdom for those who do not love it, yet wisdom procures wealth (Pr 3:16; 14:24).
17. To the second of these parallel clauses, there is an accession of meaning, that is, that a brother's love is specially seen in adversity.
18. (Compare Pr 6:1-5; 11:15).
in the presence, &c. -- that is, he either fails to consult his friend, or to follow his advice.
19. strife -- contention is, and leads to, sin.
he that exalteth his gate -- gratifies a vain love of costly building.
seeketh -- or, |findeth,| as if he sought (compare |loveth death,| Pr 8:36).
20. The second clause advances on the first. The ill-natured fail of good, and the cavilling and fault-finding incur evil.
21. (Compare Pr 23:24). Different words are rendered by |fool,| both denoting stupidity and impiety.
22. (Compare Pr 14:30; 15:13). The effect of the mind on the body is well known.
medicine -- or, |body,| which better corresponds with |bone.|
drieth -- as if the marrow were exhausted.
23. a gift ... bosom -- Money and other valuables were borne in a fold of the garment, called the bosom.
to pervert -- that is, by bribery.
24. Wisdom ... him -- ever an object of regard, while a fool's affections are unsettled.
25. a grief -- or cross, vexation (compare Pr 17:21; 10:1).
26. Also -- that is, Equally to be avoided are other sins: punishing good subjects, or resisting good rulers.
27, 28. Prudence of speech is commended as is an excellent or calm spirit, not excited to vain conversation.