1. preparations -- schemes.
in man -- or literally, |to man,| belonging, or pertaining to him.
the answer ... Lord -- The efficient ordering is from God: |Man proposes; God disposes.|
2. clean -- or, |faultless.|
weigheth -- or, |tries,| |judges,| implying that they are faulty (Pr 21:2; 24:12).
3. (Compare Margin). Rely on God for success to your lawful purposes.
4. for himself -- |for its answer,| or |purpose,| that is, according to God's plan; the wicked are for the day of evil (Ps 49:5; Jer 17:18); sinning and suffering answer to each other, are indissolubly united.
5. (Compare Pr 3:32).
6. By mercy and truth -- that is, God's (Ps 85:10); He effects the atonement, or covering of sin; and the principles of true piety incline men to depart from evil; or, |mercy| and |truth| may be man's, indicative of the gracious tempers which work instrumentally in procuring pardon.
purged -- expiated (as in Le 16:33; Isa 27:9, Hebrew).
7. Persecutions, of course, excepted.
8. (Compare Pr 15:6, 16, 17).
9. (Compare Pr 16:3).
directeth -- establisheth.
10. The last clause depends on the first, expressing the importance of equity in decisions, so authoritative.
11. are the Lord's ... his work -- that is, what He has ordered, and hence should be observed by men.
12. Rulers are rightly expected, by their position, to hate evil; for their power is sustained by righteousness.
13. A specification of the general sentiment of Pr 16:12.
14. This wrath, so terrible and certain, like messengers of death (1Ki 2:25), can be appeased by the wise.
15. light of ... countenance -- favor (Ps 4:6).
life -- preserves it, or gives blessings which make it valuable.
the latter rain -- fell just before harvest and matured the crop; hence specially valuable (De 11:14).
16. (Compare Pr 3:16; 4:5).
17. The highway -- A common, plain road represents the habitual course of the righteous in departing from evil.
keepeth -- observes.
18, 19. (Compare Pr 15:33). Haughtiness and pride imply self-confidence which produces carelessness, and hence
a fall -- literally, |sliding.|
19. divide the spoil -- that is, conquer. Avoid the society of the proud (Jas 4:6).
20. handleth a matter -- wisely considers |the word,| that is, of God (compare Pr 13:13).
trusteth -- (Compare Ps 2:12; 118:8, 9).
21. wise in heart -- who rightly consider duty.
sweetness of the lips -- eloquent discourse, persuades and instructs others.
22. Understanding -- or, |discretion,| is a constant source of blessing (Pr 13:14), benefiting others; but fools' best efforts are folly.
23. The heart is the source of wisdom flowing from the mouth.
24. (Compare Pr 15:26). Gentle, kind words, by soothing the mind, give the body health.
25. (Compare Pr 14:2).
26. Diligence is a duty due to one's self, for his wants require labor.
27. ungodly man -- (Compare Pr 6:12).
diggeth up evil -- labors for it.
in his lips ... fire -- His words are calumniating (Jas 3:6).
28. (Compare Pr 6:14; 10:31).
whisperer -- prater, talebearer (Pr 18:8; 26:20).
29. violent man -- or, |man of mischief| (Pr 3:31).
enticeth -- (Pr 1:10).
30. He shutteth his eyes -- denoting deep thought (Ps 64:6).
moving his lips -- or, |biting his lips| -- a determined purpose (Pr 6:13).
31. (Compare Pr 20:29).
if -- or, which may be supplied properly, or without it the sense is as in Pr 3:16; 4:10, that piety is blessed with long life.
32. (Compare Pr 14:29).
taketh a city -- that is, by fighting.
33. Seemingly the most fortuitous events are ordered by God.