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Commentary Critical And Explanatory On The Whole Bible by Robert Jamieson

Pr 12:1-28.

Pr 12:1-28.

1. loveth knowledge -- as the fruit of instruction or training (Pr 1:2).

hateth reproof -- (Pr 10:17).

brutish -- stupid, regardless of his own welfare (Ps 49:10; 73:22).

3. Wickedness cannot give permanent prosperity.

root ... not be moved -- firm as a flourishing tree -- (Ps 1:3; 15:5; Jer 17:8).

4. A virtuous woman -- in the wide sense of well-disposed to all moral duties (Pr 31:10).

maketh ashamed -- that is, by misconduct.

rottenness -- an incurable evil.

5. thoughts -- or, |purposes.|

are right -- literally, |are judgment,| that is, true decisions.

counsels -- (Compare Pr 11:14).

deceit -- contrary to truth and honesty.

6. The words -- or, |expressed designs| of the wicked are for evil purposes.

the mouth -- or, |words| of the righteous delivering instead of ensnaring men.

7. Such conduct brings a proper return, by the destruction of the wicked and well-being of the righteous and his family.

8. despised -- as opposed to commended (Pr 11:12).

perverse heart -- or, |wicked principles,| as opposed to one of wisdom.

9. despised -- held in little repute, obscure (1Sa 18:23; Isa 3:5).

hath a servant -- implying some means of honest living.

honoureth himself -- is self-conceited.

10. regardeth -- literally, |knoweth| (Ps 1:6).

mercies ... cruel -- as acts of compassion ungraciously rendered to the needy. The righteous more regards a beast than the wicked a man.

11. The idler's fate is the result of indolence and want of principle (Pr 6:32; 7:7).

12. the wicked ... evil -- They love the crafty arts of deception.

the root ... fruit -- their own resources supply them; or, it may be rendered: |He (God) giveth, or, sets (Eze 17:22) the root of the righteous,| and hence it is firm: or, the verb is impersonal; |As to the root ... it is firm| (Pr 17:19).

13, 14. The wicked is snared, &c. -- The sentiment expanded. While the wicked, such as liars, flatterers, &c., fall by their own words, the righteous are unhurt. Their good conduct makes friends, and God rewards them.

15. The way ... eyes -- The fool is self-conceited (compare Pr 12:1; 1:32; 10:17; Jas 3:17).

16. prudent ... shame -- He is slow to denounce his insulters (Jas 1:19).

18. speaketh -- literally, |speaketh hastily,| or indiscreetly (Ps 106:33), as an angry man retorts harsh and provoking invectives.

tongue ... health -- by soothing and gentle language.

19. Words of truth are consistent, and stand all tests, while lies are soon discovered and exposed.

20. that imagine -- or, |plan| (Pr 3:29). They design a deceitful course, to which, with all its evils and dangers to others and themselves, the happiness of peace-makers is opposed (compare Mt 5:9; Ro 12:18).

21. no evil -- (as in Ps 91:10), under God's wise limitations (Ro 8:28).

mischief -- as penal evil.

22. deal truly -- or, |faithfully,| that is, according to promises (compare Joh 3:21).

23. concealeth -- by his modesty (Pr 10:14; 11:13).

heart ... proclaimeth -- as his lips speak his thoughts (compare Ec 10:3).

24. slothful -- (Compare Margin), so called because he fails to meet his promises.

under tribute -- not denoting legal taxes, but the obligation of dependence.

25. a good word -- one of comfort.

26. more excellent -- (Compare Margin); or, |more successful,| while the wicked fail; or, we may read it: |The righteous guides his friend, but,| &c., that is, The ability of the righteous to aid others is contrasted with the ruin to which the way of the wicked leads themselves.

27. (Compare Pr 12:24).

took in hunting -- or, |his venison.| He does not improve his advantages.

the substance ... precious -- or, |the wealth of a man of honor is being diligent,| or |diligence.|

precious -- literally, |honor| (Ec 10:1).

28. (Compare Pr 8:8, 20, &c.). A sentiment often stated; here first affirmatively, then negatively.

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