Pr 6:1-35. After admonitions against suretyship and sloth (compare Pr 6:6-8), the character and fate of the wicked generally are set forth, and the writer (Pr 6:20-35) resumes the warnings against incontinence, pointing out its certain and terrible results. This train of thought seems to intimate the kindred of these vices.
1, 2. if -- The condition extends through both verses.
be surety -- art pledged.
stricken ... hand -- bargained (compare Job 17:3).
with a stranger -- that is, for a friend (compare Pr 11:15; 17:18).
3. come ... friend -- in his power.
humble ... sure thy friend -- urge as a suppliant; that is, induce the friend to provide otherwise for his debt, or secure the surety.
4, 5. The danger requires promptness.
6-8. The improvident sluggards usually want sureties. Hence, such are advised to industry by the ant's example.
9, 10. Their conduct graphically described;
11. and the fruits of their self-indulgence and indolence presented.
as ... travelleth -- literally, |one who walks backwards and forwards,| that is, a highwayman.
armed man -- that is, one prepared to destroy.
12. A naughty person -- literally, |A man of Belial,| or of worthlessness, that is, for good, and so depraved, or wicked (compare 1Sa 25:25; 30:22, &c.). Idleness and vice are allied. Though indolent in acts, he actively and habitually (walketh) is ill-natured in speech (Pr 4:24).
13, 14. If, for fear of detection, he does not speak, he uses signs to carry on his intrigues. These signs are still so used in the East.
14. Frowardness -- as in Pr 2:14.
deviseth -- literally, |constructs, as an artisan.|
mischief -- evil to others.
discord -- especially litigation. Cunning is the talent of the weak and lazy.
15. Suddenness aggravates evil (compare Pr 6:11; 29:1).
calamity -- literally, |a crushing weight.|
broken -- shivered as a potter's vessel; utterly destroyed (Ps 2:9).
16-19. six ... seven -- a mode of speaking to arrest attention (Pr 30:15, 18; Job 5:19).
17. proud look -- literally, |eyes of loftiness| (Ps 131:1). Eyes, tongue, &c., for persons.
19. speaketh -- literally, |breathes out,| habitually speaks (Ps 27:12; Ac 9:1).
20-23. (Compare Pr 1:8; 3:3, &c.).
22. it -- (compare Pr 6:23); denotes the instruction of parents (Pr 6:20), to which all the qualities of a safe guide and guard and ready teacher are ascribed. It prevents the ingress of evil by supplying good thoughts, even in dreams (Pr 3:21-23; Ps 19:9; 2Pe 1:19).
23. reproofs -- (Pr 1:23) the convictions of error produced by instruction.
24. A specimen of its benefit. By appreciating truth, men are not affected by lying flattery.
25. One of the cautions of this instruction, avoid alluring beauty.
take -- or, |ensnare.|
eyelids -- By painting the lashes, women enhanced beauty.
26. The supplied words give a better sense than the old version: |The price of a whore is a piece of bread.|
adulteress -- (Compare Margin), which the parallel and context (Pr 6:29-35) sustain. Of similar results of this sin, compare Pr 5:9-12.
will hunt -- alluding to the snares spread by harlots (compare Pr 7:6-8).
precious life -- more valuable than all else.
27-29. The guilt and danger most obvious.
30, 31. Such a thief is pitied, though heavily punished.
31. sevenfold -- (compare Ex 22:1-4), for many, ample (compare Ge 4:24; Mt 18:21), even if all his wealth is taken.
32. lacketh understanding -- or, |heart|; destitute of moral principle and prudence.
33. dishonour -- or, |shame,| as well as hurt of body (Pr 3:35).
reproach ... away -- No restitution will suffice;
34, 35. nor any terms of reconciliation be admitted.
regard -- or, |accept| any ransom.