Ps 148:1-14. The scope of this Psalm is the same as that of the preceding.
1. heavens [and] heights -- are synonymous.
2. hosts -- (compare Ps 103:21).
4. heavens of heavens -- the very highest.
waters -- clouds, resting above the visible heavens (compare Ge 1:7).
5. praise the name -- as representing His perfections.
he commanded -- |He| is emphatic, ascribing creation to God alone.
6. The perpetuity of the frame of nature is, of course, subject to Him who formed it.
a decree ... pass -- His ordinances respecting them shall not change (Jer 36:31), or perish (Job 34:20; Ps 37:36).
7-10. The call on the earth, as opposed to heaven, includes seas or depths, whose inhabitants the dragon, as one of the largest (on leviathan, see on Ps 104:26), is selected to represent. The most destructive and ungovernable agents of inanimate nature are introduced.
8. fulfilling his word -- or, law, may be understood of each. Next the most distinguished productions of the vegetable world.
9. fruitful trees -- or, |trees of fruit,| as opposed to forest trees. Wild and domestic, large and small animals are comprehended.
11, 12. Next all rational beings, from the highest in rank to little children.
princes -- or, military leaders.
13. Let them -- all mentioned.
excellent -- or, exalted (Isa 12:4).
his glory -- majesty (Ps 45:3).
above the earth and heaven -- Their united splendors fail to match His.
14. exalteth the horn -- established power (Ps 75:5, 6).
praise of -- or literally, |for|
his saints -- that is, occasions for them to praise Him. They are further described as |His people,| and |near unto Him,| sustaining by covenanted care a peculiarly intimate relation.