Ps 71:1-24. The Psalmist, probably in old age, appeals to God for help from his enemies, pleading his past favors, and stating his present need; and, in confidence of a hearing, he promises his grateful thanks and praise.
1-3. (Compare Ps 30:1-3).
3. given commandment -- literally, |ordained,| as in Ps 44:4; 68:28.
rock ... fortress -- (Ps 18:2).
4, 5. cruel man -- corrupt and ill-natured -- literally, |sour.|
5. trust -- place of trust.
6-9. His history from early infancy illustrated God's care, and his wonderful deliverances were at once occasions of praise and ground of confidence for the future.
my praise ... of thee -- literally, |in| or |by Thee| (Ps 22:25).
10, 11. The craft and malicious taunts of his enemies now led him to call for aid (compare the terms used, 2Sa 17:12; Ps 3:2; 7:2).
12. (Compare Ps 22:19; 40:4).
13. (Compare Ps 35:4; 40:14).
14-16. The ruin of his enemies, as illustrating God's faithfulness, is his deliverance, and a reason for future confidence.
15. for I know ... thereof -- innumerable, as he had not time to count them.
16. in the strength -- or, relying on it.
thy righteousness -- or, faithful performance of promises to the pious (Ps 7:17; 31:1).
17-21. Past experience again encourages.
taught me, &c. -- by providential dealings.
19. is very high -- distinguished (Ps 36:5; Isa 55:9).
20. depths of the earth -- debased, low condition.
21. increase, &c. -- that is, the great things done for me (Ps 71:19; compare Ps 40:5).
22-24. To the occasion of praise he now adds the promise to render it.
will ... praise -- literally, |will thank.|
even thy truth -- as to Thy truth or faithfulness.