Ps 66:1-20. The writer invites all men to unite in praise, cites some striking occasions for it, promises special acts of thanksgiving, and celebrates God's great mercy.
1. Make ... noise -- or, |Shout.|
2. his name -- as in Ps 29:2.
make his praise glorious -- literally, |place honor, His praise,| or, |as to His praise|; that is, let His praise be such as will glorify Him, or, be honorable to Him.
3, 4. A specimen of the praise.
How terrible -- (Compare Ps 65:8).
submit -- (Compare Margin), show a forced subjection (Ps 18:44), produced by terror.
5, 6. The terrible works illustrated in Israel's history (Ex 14:21). By this example let rebels be admonished.
7. behold the nations -- watch their conduct.
8, 9. Here is, perhaps, cited a case of recent deliverance.
9. holdeth ... in life -- literally, |putteth our soul in life|; that is, out of danger (Ps 30:3; 49:15).
to be moved -- (Compare Ps 10:6; 55:22).
10-12. Out of severe trials, God had brought them to safety (compare Isa 48:10; 1Pe 1:7).
11. affliction -- literally, |pressure,| or, as in Ps 55:3, |oppression,| which, laid on the
loins -- the seat of strength (De 33:11), enfeebles the frame.
12. men to ride over our heads -- made us to pass.
through fire, &c. -- figures describing prostration and critical dangers (compare Isa 43:2; Eze 36:12).
wealthy -- literally, |overflowing,| or, |irrigated,| and hence fertile.
13-15. These full and varied offerings constitute the payment of vows (Le 22:18-23).
15. I will offer -- literally, |make to ascend,| alluding to the smoke of burnt offering, which explains the use of |incense.|
incense -- elsewhere always denoting the fumes of aromatics.
16-20. With these he unites his public thanks, inviting those who fear God (Ps 60:4; 61:5, His true worshippers) to hear. He vindicates his sincerity, inasmuch as God would not hear hypocrites, but had heard him.
17. he was extolled with my tongue -- literally, |exaltation (was) under my tongue,| as a place of deposit, whence it proceeded; that is, honoring God was habitual.
18. If I regard iniquity in my heart -- literally, |see iniquity with pleasure.|