Job 11:1-20. First Speech of Zophar.
2. Zophar assails Job for his empty words, and indirectly, the two friends, for their weak reply. Taciturnity is highly prized among Orientals (Pr 10:8, 19).
3. lies -- rather, |vain boasting| (Isa 16:6; Jer 48:30). The |men| is emphatic; men of sense; in antithesis to |vain boasting.|
mockest -- upbraidest God by complaints, |shall no man make thee ashamed?|
4. doctrine -- purposely used of Job's speeches, which sounded like lessons of doctrine (De 32:2; Pr 4:2).
thine -- addressed to God. Job had maintained his sincerity against his friends suspicions, not faultlessness.
6. to that which is! -- Rather, |they are double to [man's] wisdom| [Michaelis]. So the Hebrew is rendered (Pr 2:7). God's ways, which you arraign, if you were shown their secret wisdom, would be seen vastly to exceed that of men, including yours (1Co 1:25).
exacteth -- Rather, |God consigns to oblivion in thy favor much of thy guilt.|
7. Rather, |Penetrate to the perfections of the Almighty| (Job 9:10; Ps 139:6).
8. It -- the |wisdom| of God (Job 11:6). The abruptness of the Hebrew is forcible: |The heights of heaven! What canst thou do| (as to attaining to them with thy gaze, Ps 139:8)?
know -- namely, of His perfections.
10. cut off -- Rather, as in Job 9:11, |pass over,| as a storm; namely, rush upon in anger.
shut up -- in prison, with a view to trial.
gather together -- the parties for judgment: hold a judicial assembly; to pass sentence on the prisoners.
11. (Ps 94:11).
consider -- so as to punish it. Rather, from the connection, Job 11:6, |He seeth wickedness also, which man does not perceive|; literally, |But no (other, save He) perceiveth it| [Umbreit]. God's |wisdom| (Job 11:6), detects sin where Job's human eye cannot reach (Job 11:8), so as to see any.
12. vain -- hollow.
would be -- |wants to consider himself wise|; opposed to God's |wisdom| (see on Job 11:11); refuses to see sin, where God sees it (Ro 1:22).
wild ass's colt -- a proverb for untamed wildness (Job 39:5, 8; Jer 2:24; Ge 16:12; Hebrew, |a wild-ass man|). Man wishes to appear wisely obedient to his Lord, whereas he is, from his birth, unsubdued in spirit.
13. The apodosis to the |If| is at Job 11:15. The preparation of the heart is to be obtained (Pr 16:1) by stretching out the hands in prayer for it (Ps 10:17; 1Ch 29:18).
14. Rather, |if thou wilt put far away the iniquity in thine hand| (as Zaccheus did, Lu 19:8). The apodosis or conclusion is at Job 11:15, |then shalt thou,| &c.
15. Zophar refers to Job's own words (Job 10:15), |yet will I not lift up my head,| even though righteous. Zophar declares, if Job will follow his advice, he may |lift up his face.|
spot -- (De 32:5).
steadfast -- literally, |run fast together,| like metals which become firm and hard by fusion. The sinner on the contrary is wavering.
16. Just as when the stream runs dry (Job 6:17), the danger threatened by its wild waves is forgotten (Isa 65:16) [Umbreit].
17. age -- days of life.
the noon-day -- namely, of thy former prosperity; which, in the poet's image, had gone on increasing, until it reached its height, as the sun rises higher and higher until it reaches the meridian (Pr 4:18).
shine forth -- rather, |though now in darkness, thou shall be as the morning|; or, |thy darkness (if any dark shade should arise on thee, it) shall be as the morning| (only the dullness of morning twilight, not nocturnal darkness) [Umbreit].
18. The experience of thy life will teach thee there is hope for man in every trial.
dig -- namely, wells; the chief necessity in the East. Better, |though now ashamed (Ro 5:5, opposed to the previous 'hope'), thou shalt then rest safely| [Gesenius];
19. (Ps 4:8; Pr 3:24; Isa 14:30); oriental images of prosperity.
make suit -- literally, |stroke thy face,| |caress thee| (Pr 19:6).
20. A warning to Job, if he would not turn to God.
The wicked -- that is, obdurate sinners.
eyes ... fail -- that is, in vain look for relief (De 28:65). Zophar implies Job's only hope of relief is in a change of heart.
they shall not escape -- literally, |every refuge shall vanish from them.|
giving up of the ghost -- Their hope shall leave them as the breath does the body (Pr 11:7).