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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 351 to 400 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 35
      Introduction The prophet having formerly predicted the ruin of Edom, the same with Seir, (Ezekiel 25:12), now resumes and pursues the subject at greater length, intimating, as did also Isaiah, (Isaiah 21:11, Isaiah 21:12), that though other nations shoul ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 36
      Introduction The Edomites or Idumeans, during the Babylonish captivity, took possession of the mountainous parts of Judea, and the fortresses which commanded the country, intending to exclude the Jews if ever they should return from their captivity. The ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 37
      Introduction This chapter treats of the same subject with the preceding, in a beautiful and significant vision. Under the emblem of the open valley being thickly strewed with very dry bones is represented the hopeless state of the Jews when dispersed thr ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 38
      Introduction The sublime prophecy contained in this and the following chapter relates to Israel‘s victory over Gog, and is very obscure. It begins with representing a prodigious armament of many nations combined together under the conduct of Gog, with ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 39
      Introduction The prophet goes on to denounce the Divine judgments against Gog and his army, Ezekiel 39:1-7; and describes their dreadful slaughter, Ezekiel 39:8-10, and burial, Ezekiel 39:11-16, in terms so very lofty and comprehensive, as must certainly ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 4
      Introduction Ezekiel delineates Jerusalem, and lays siege to it, as a type of the manner in which the Chaldean army should surround that city, Ezekiel 4:1-3. The prophet commanded to lie on his left side three hundred and ninety days, and on his right si ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 40
      Introduction The prophecy or vision, which begins here, continues to the end of the Book. The Temple of Jerusalem lying in ruins when Ezekiel had this vision, (for its date as the fourteenth year after the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar), the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 41
      Introduction In this chapter the prophet gives us a circumstantial account of the measures, parts, chambers, and ornaments of the temple, vv. 1-26. Verse 1 To the temple - He had first described the courts and the porch. See chap. 40. Verse 2 The ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 42
      Introduction This chapter gives us a description of the priests‘ chambers and their use, with the dimensions of the holy mount on which the temple stood, vv. 1-20. Verse 1 He brought me forth into the utter court - He brought him out from the templ ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 43
      Introduction The glory of the Lord is represented as returning to the temple, Ezekiel 43:1-6; where God promises to fix his residence, if the people repent and forsake those sins which caused him to depart from them, Ezekiel 43:7-12. Then the measures of ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 44
      Introduction This chapter gives an account of the glory of God having returned to the temple, Ezekiel 44:14. The Jews reproved for suffering idolatrous priests to pollute it with their ministrations, Ezekiel 44:5-8. Ordinances respecting the conduct of t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 45
      Introduction The several portions of land appointed for the sanctuary, Ezekiel 45:1-5, the city, 6, and the prince, Ezekiel 45:7, Ezekiel 45:8. Regulations concerning the weights and measures, Ezekiel 45:9-12; with ordinances respecting the provisions fo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 46
      Introduction Ordinances of worship prescribed for the prince and for the people, Ezekiel 46:1-15; and the gifts he may bestow on his sons and servants, Ezekiel 46:16-18. A description of the courts appointed for boiling or baking any part of the holy obl ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 47
      Introduction The vision of the holy waters issuing out of the temple, and their virtue; an emblem of the power of God‘s grace under the Gospel, capable of healing all but the incorrigibly impenitent, represented by the marshy ground that cannot be heal ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 48
      Introduction This chapter contains a description of the several portions of the land belonging to each tribe, together with the portion allotted to the sanctuary, city, suburb, and prince, vv. 1-29; as also the measure and gates of the new city, Ezekiel ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 5
      Introduction In this chapter the prophet shows, under the type of hair, the judgments which God was about to execute on the inhabitants of Jerusalem by famine, sword, and dispersion, Ezekiel 5:14. The type or allegory is then dropped, and God is introduc ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 6
      Introduction In this chapter, which forms a distinct section, the prophet denounces the judgments of God against the Jews for their idolatry, Ezekiel 6:1-7; but tells them that a remnant shall be saved, and brought to a sense of their sins by their sever ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 7
      Introduction This chapter, which also forms a distinct prophecy, foretells the dreadful destruction of the land of Israel, or Judah, (for after the captivity of the ten tribes these terms are often used indiscriminately for the Jews in general), on accou ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 8
      Introduction Here begins a section of prophecy extending to the twelfth chapter. In this chapter the prophet is carried in vision to Jerusalem, Ezekiel 8:1-4; and there shown the idolatries committed by the rulers of the Jews, even within the temple. In ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 9
      Introduction The vision in this chapter seems intended to denote the general destruction of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, excepting a few pious individuals that were distressed at the abominations that were committed in the land; who, in order to be deli ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel overview
      Introduction to the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel Ezekiel the prophet was the son of Buzi; and was of the sacerdotal race, as himself informs us, Ezekiel 1:3, and was born at a place called Saresa, as the pseudo-Epiphanius tells us in his Lives of the Pr ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 1
      Introduction The proclamation of Cyrus for the rebuilding of the temple, Ezra 1:1-4. The people provide for their return, Ezra 1:5, Ezra 1:6. Cyrus restores to Sheshbazzar the vessels taken by Nebuchadnezzar out of the temple of Solomon, Ezra 1:7-11. In ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 10
      Introduction The people are greatly afflicted by Ezra‘s prayer, Ezra 10:1. Shechaniah proposes that all who have taken strange wives should put them away, and the children they had by them; and make a covenant to serve God, Ezra 10:2-4. Ezra is encoura ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 2
      Introduction An account of those who returned from Babylon, vv. 1-35. The children of the priests who returned, Ezra 2:36-39. Of the Levites, Ezra 2:40. Of the singers, Ezra 2:41. Of the porters, Ezra 2:42. Of the Nethinim, and the children of Solomon‘ ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 3
      Introduction The altar of burnt-offerings is set up, Ezra 3:1-3. They keep the feast of tabernacles, Ezra 3:4-6. They make provision for rebuilding the temple; and lay its foundation in the second month of the second year, Ezra 3:7, Ezra 3:8. Ceremonies ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 4
      Introduction The Samaritans endeavor to prevent the rebuilding of the temple, Ezra 4:1-5. They send letters to Artaxerxes, against the Jews, Ezra 4:6-9. A copy of the letter, Ezra 4:10-16. He commands the Jews to cease from building the temple, which the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 5
      Introduction Haggai and Zechariah the prophets encourage Zerubbabel and Jeshua to proceed with the building of the temple, Ezra 5:1, Ezra 5:2. Tatnai, the governor of the provinces on this side the Euphrates, and his companions, inquire by what authority ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 6
      Introduction Darius orders search to be made for the edict of Cyrus, Ezra 6:1. It is found at Achmetha, Ezra 6:2. A transcript of this edict, Ezra 6:3-5. Darius confirms it, Ezra 6:6-12. Tatnai encourages the Jews to proceed; and they finish the temple i ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 7
      Introduction In the seventh year of Artaxerxes, king of Persia, Ezra goes up to Jerusalem; and with him certain of the priests, Levites, porters, and Nethinim: his character, Ezra 7:1-10. The letter and decree of Artaxerxes in behalf of the Jews, vv. 11- ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 8
      Introduction The genealogy of the chief persons who went with Ezra from Babylon, Ezra 8:1-14. He gathers them together at Ahava; and finding among them no Levites, he sends confidential persons to the river of Ahava, who return with many Levites and Neth ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra 9
      Introduction The princes inform Ezra that many of the people now settled in the had married heathen wives; and several of the rulers were principal offenders in this thing, Ezra 9:1, Ezra 9:2. He is greatly afflicted, Ezra 9:3, Ezra 9:4. His prayer to Go ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezra overview
      Introduction to the Book of Ezra At the conclusion of 2 Kings, and also of the preceding book, 2 Chronicles, we have seen the state of misery and desolation to which the kingdoms of Israel and Judah were reduced through their unparalleled ingratitude t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Galatians 1
      Introduction St. Paul shows that he was especially called of God to be an apostle, Galatians 1:1. Directs his epistle to the Churches through the regions of Galatia, Galatians 1:2. Commends them to the grace of Christ, who gave himself for their sins, Ga ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Galatians 2
      Introduction The apostle mentions his journey to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus, Galatians 2:1. Shows that he went thither by revelation; and what he did while there, and the persons with whom he had intercourse, Galatians 2:2-8. How the apostles gave ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Galatians 3
      Introduction The apostle inquires how they could be so foolish as to renounce the Gospel of Christ and turn back to the law, after having heard, received, and suffered so much for the Gospel, Galatians 3:1-5. Asserts the doctrine of justification by fait ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Galatians 4
      Introduction The apostle shows that, as an heir in nonage is under tutors and guardians, so were the Galatians while under the law; and, as the heir when he comes of age is no longer under guardians, so they, when the Gospel came, arrived at full maturit ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Galatians 5
      Introduction The apostle exhorts the Galatians to stand fast in the liberty of the Gospel, and not by receiving circumcision bring themselves into a yoke of bondage, Galatians 5:1-4. Shows the superior excellence of Christianity, Galatians 5:5, Galatians ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Galatians 6
      Introduction The apostle teaches them to be tender and affectionate towards any who, through surprise and the violence of temptation, had fallen into sin; and to bear each other‘s burdens, Galatians 6:1, Galatians 6:2. To think humbly of themselves, an ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Galatians overview
      Preface to the Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians Galatia was anciently a part of Phrygia and the neighboring countries. It had its name from the Gauls, who, having in several bodies invaded Asia Minor, as Pausanius (Attic., cap. iv.) relates ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 1
      Verse 1 God in the beginning created the heavens and the earth - בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ (Bereshith bara Elohim eth hashshamayim veeth haarets); God in the beginning created the heavens and the earth. Many attempts ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 10
      Introduction The generations of the sons of Noah, Genesis 10:1. Japheth and his descendants, Genesis 10:2-4. The isles of the Gentiles, or Europe, peopled by the Japhethites, Genesis 10:5. Ham and his posterity, Genesis 10:6-20. Nimrod, one of his descen ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 11
      Introduction All the inhabitants of the earth, speaking one language and dwelling in one place, Genesis 11:1, Genesis 11:2, purpose to build a city and a tower to prevent their dispersion, Genesis 11:3, Genesis 11:4. God confounds their language, and sca ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 12
      Introduction God calls Abram to leave Haran and go into Canaan, Genesis 12:1; promises to bless him, and through him all the families of the earth, Genesis 12:2, Genesis 12:3. Abram, Sarai, Lot, and all their household, depart from Canaan, Genesis 12:4, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 13
      Introduction Abram and his family return out of Egypt to Canaan, Genesis 13:1, Genesis 13:2. He revisits Beth-el, and there invokes the Lord, Genesis 13:3, Genesis 13:4. In consequence of the great increase in the flocks of Abram and Lot, their herdsmen ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 14
      Introduction The war of four confederate kings against the five kings of Canaan, Genesis 14:1-3. The confederate kings overrun and pillage the whole country, Genesis 14:4-7. Battle between them and the kings of Canaan, Genesis 14:5, Genesis 14:9. The lat ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 15
      Introduction God appears to Abram in a vision, and gives him great encouragement, Genesis 15:1. Abram‘s request and complaint, Genesis 15:2, Genesis 15:3. God promises him a son, Genesis 15:4; and an exceedingly numerous posterity, Genesis 15:5. Abram ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 16
      Introduction Sarai, having no child, gives Hagar her maid to Abram for wife, Genesis 16:1-3. She conceives and despises her mistress, Genesis 16:4. Sarai is offended and upbraids Abram, Genesis 16:5. Abram vindicates himself; and Hagar, being hardly used ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 17
      Introduction In the ninety-ninth year of Abram‘s life God again appears to him, announces his name as God Almighty, and commands him to walk perfectly before him, Genesis 17:1; proposes to renew the covenant, Genesis 17:2. Abram‘s prostration, Genesi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 18
      Introduction The Lord appears unto Abraham in Mamre, Genesis 18:1. Three angels, in human appearance, come towards his tent, Genesis 18:2. He invites them in to wash and refresh themselves, Genesis 18:3-5; prepares a calf, bread, butter, and milk, for th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Genesis 19
      Introduction The two angels mentioned in the preceding chapter, come in the evening to Sodom, Genesis 19:1. Lot, who was sitting at the gate, invites them to enter his house, take some refreshment, and tarry all night; which they at first refuse, Genesis ... read more

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