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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 301 to 350 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 27
      Introduction The altar of burnt-offerings, and its dimensions, Exodus 27:1; its horns, Exodus 27:2; pans, shovels, etc., Exodus 27:3; its grate and net work, Exodus 27:4, Exodus 27:5; its staves, Exodus 27:6, Exodus 27:7. Court of the tabernacle, with it ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 28
      Introduction Aaron and his sons are set apart for the priest‘s office, Exodus 28:1. Garments to be provided for them, Exodus 28:2, Exodus 28:3. What these garments were, Exodus 28:4, and of what made, Exodus 28:5. The ephod, its shoulder-pieces, and gi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 29
      Introduction Ceremonies to be used in consecrating Aaron and his sons, Exodus 29:1-3. They are to be washed, Exodus 29:4. Aaron is to be clothed with the holy vestments, Exodus 29:5, Exodus 29:6; to be anointed, Exodus 29:7. His sons to be clothed and gi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 3
      Introduction Moses keeping the flock of Jethro at Mount Horeb, the angel of the Lord appears to him in a burning bush, Exodus 3:1, Exodus 3:2. Astonished at the sight, he turns aside to examine it, Exodus 3:3, when God speaks to him out of the fire, and ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 30
      Introduction The altar of burnt incense, Exodus 30:1. Dimensions, Exodus 30:2. Golden crown, Exodus 30:3. Rings and staves, Exodus 30:4, Exodus 30:5. Where placed, Exodus 30:6, Exodus 30:7. Use, Exodus 30:8-10. The ransom price of half a shekel, Exodus 3 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 31
      Bezaleel appointed for the work of the tabernacle, Exodus 31:1-5. Aholiab appointed for the same, Exodus 31:6. The particular things on which they were to be employed, the ark and mercy-seat, Exodus 31:7. Table, candlestick, and altar of incense, Exodus 3 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 32
      Introduction The Israelites, finding that Moses delayed his return, desire Aaron to make them gods to go before them, Exodus 32:1. Aaron consents, and requires their ornaments, Exodus 32:2. They deliver them to him, and he makes a molten calf, Exodus 32: ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 33
      Introduction Moses is commanded to depart from the mount, and lead up the people towards the promised land, Exodus 33:1. An angel is promised to be their guide, Exodus 33:2. The land is described, and the Lord refuses to go with them, Exodus 33:3. The pe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 34
      Introduction Moses is commanded to hew two tables similar to the first, and bring them up to the mount, to get the covenant renewed, Exodus 34:1-3. He prepares the tables and goes up to meet the Lord, Exodus 34:4. The Lord descends, and proclaims his nam ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 35
      Introduction Moses assembles the congregation to deliver to them the commandments of God, Exodus 35:1. Directions concerning the Sabbath, Exodus 35:2, Exodus 35:3. Free-will offerings of gold, silver, brass, etc., for the tabernacle, Exodus 35:4-7. Of oi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 36
      Introduction Moses appoints Bezaleel, Aholiab, and their associates, to the work, and delivers to them the free-will offerings of the people, Exodus 36:1-3. The people bring offerings more than are needed for the work, and are only restrained by the proc ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 37
      Introduction Bezaleel and Aholiab make the ark, Exodus 37:1-5. The mercy-seat, Exodus 37:6. The two cherubim, Exodus 37:7-9. The table of the shew-bread, and its vessels, Exodus 37:10-16. The candlestick, Exodus 37:17-24. The golden altar of incense, Exo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 38
      Introduction Bezaleel makes the altar of burnt-offering, Exodus 38:1-7. He makes the laver and its foot out of the mirrors given by the women, Exodus 38:8. The court, its pillars, hangings, etc., Exodus 38:9-20. The whole tabernacle and its work finished ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 39
      Bezaleel makes the clothes of service for the holy place, and the holy garments, Exodus 39:1. The ephod, Exodus 39:2. Gold is beaten into plates, and cut into wires for embroidery, Exodus 39:3. He makes the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, Exodus 39:4. The c ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 4
      Introduction Moses continuing to express his fear that the Israelites would not credit his Divine mission, Exodus 4:1; God, to strengthen his faith, and to assure him that his countrymen would believe him, changed his rod into a serpent, and the serpent ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 40
      Introduction Moses is commanded to set up the tabernacle, the first day of the first month of the second year of their departure from Egypt, Exodus 40:1, Exodus 40:2. The ark to be put into it, Exodus 40:3. The table and candlestick to be brought in also ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 5
      Introduction Moses and Aaron open their commission to Pharaoh, Exodus 5:1. He insultingly asks who Jehovah is, in whose name they require him to dismiss the people, Exodus 5:2. They explain, Exodus 5:3. He charges them with making the people disaffected, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 6
      Introduction God encourages Moses, and promises to show wonders upon Pharaoh, and to bring out his people with a strong hand, Exodus 6:1. He confirms this promise by his essential name Jehovah, Exodus 6:2, Exodus 6:3; by the covenant he had made with the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 7
      Introduction The dignified mission of Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh - the one to be as God, the other as a prophet of the Most High, Exodus 7:1, Exodus 7:2. The prediction that Pharaoh‘s heart should be hardened, that God might multiply his signs and wond ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 8
      Introduction The plague of frogs threatened, Exodus 8:1, Exodus 8:2. The extent of this plague, Exodus 8:3, Exodus 8:4. Aaron commanded to stretch out his hand, with the rod, over the river and waters of Egypt, in consequence of which the frogs came, Exo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus 9
      Introduction The Lord sends Moses to Pharaoh to inform him that, if he did not let the Israelites depart, a destructive pestilence should be sent among his cattle, Exodus 9:1-3; while the cattle of the Israelites should be preserved, Exodus 9:4. The next ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Exodus overview
      Preface to the Book of Exodus The name by which this book is generally distinguished is borrowed from the Septuagint, in which it is called εξοδος , Exodus, the going out or departure; and by the Codex Alexandrinus, εξοδος αιγιπτου, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 1
      Introduction This chapter contains that extraordinary vision of the Divine glory with which the prophet was favored when he received the commission and instructions respecting the discharge of his office, which are contained in the two following chapters ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 10
      Introduction The same august vision which appeared to the prophet at first, is repeated here; and coals of fire are scattered over the city to intimate that it was to be burned. The symbol of the Divine presence is likewise represented as removing farthe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 11
      Introduction This chapter denounces the judgments of God against those wicked persons who remained in Jerusalem and made a mock of the types and predictions of the prophets, Ezekiel 11:1-13; compare Ezekiel 11:3 with Jeremiah 1:13. God promises to favour ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 12
      Introduction The prophet proceeds, by a variety of types and parables, to convince those of the captivity that their brethren who were left behind to sustain the miseries of a siege and the insults of a conqueror, would be in a much worse condition than ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 13
      Introduction This chapter denounces heavy judgments against the lying prophets who flattered the people, in the midst of their sin and danger, with false hopes of peace and security, Ezekiel 13:1-9. The work of these deceivers is beautifully compared to ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 14
      Introduction Here God threatens those hypocrites who pretended to worship him, while they loved and practiced idolatry, Ezekiel 14:1-11. He declares his irreversible purpose of punishing so guilty a nation, in behalf of which no intercession of the peopl ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 15
      Introduction The Jewish nation, about to be destroyed by the Chaldeans, compared to a barren vine which is fit for nothing but to be cast into the fire, Ezekiel 15:1-8. Verse 2 What is the vine tree more than any tree - It is certain that the vine is ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 16
      Introduction In this chapter the mercy of God to Jerusalem, (or the Jewish Church and nation), is set forth by the emblem of a person that should take up an exposed infant, bring her up with great tenderness, and afterwards marry her, Ezekiel 16:1-14. Sh ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 17
      Introduction This chapter begins with a new allegory or parable, Ezekiel 17:1-10; to which an explanation is immediately subjoined, Ezekiel 17:11-21. In the remaining verses the prophet, by a beautiful metaphor, makes an easy and natural transition to th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 18
      Introduction The Jews, in Ezekiel‘s time, complained of God‘s dealing hardly with them in punishing them for the sins of their forefathers, Ezekiel 18:1, Ezekiel 18:2; their temporal calamities having been long threatened as the consequence of the na ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 19
      Introduction This chapter contains two beautiful examples of the parabolic kind of writing; the one lamenting the sad catastrophe of Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim, Ezekiel 19:1-9, and the other describing the desolation and captivity of the whole people, Ezekie ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 2
      Introduction The prophet, having been overwhelmed with the glorious vision in the preceding chapter, is here strengthened and comforted, Ezekiel 2:1, Ezekiel 2:2; and then commissioned to declare to the rebellious house of Israel the terrible judgments t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 20
      Introduction A deputation of the elders of Israel, as usual, in their distress, came to request Ezekiel to ask counsel of God, Ezekiel 20:1. In reply to this, God commands the prophet to put them in mind of their rebellion and idolatry: In Egypt, Ezekiel ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 21
      Introduction The prophet goes on to denounce the fate of Jerusalem and Judea; using signs of vehement grief, to denote the greatness of the calamity, Ezekiel 21:2-7. He then changes the emblem to that of a sharp and bright sword, still denoting the same ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 22
      Introduction This chapter contains a recital of the sins of Jerusalem, Ezekiel 22:1-12; for which God threatens it with severe judgments, Ezekiel 22:13-16, in order to purify it from the dross, Ezekiel 22:17-22. And as the corruption is general, pervadin ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 23
      Introduction The idolatries of Samaria and Jerusalem are represented in this chapter by the bad practices of two common harlots, for which God denounces severe judgments against them, vv. 1-49. See the sixteenth chapter, where the same metaphor is enlarg ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 24
      Introduction The prophet now informs those of the captivity of the very day on which Nebuchadnezzar was to lay siege to Jerusalem, (compare Jeremiah 52:4), and describes the fate of that city and its inhabitants by a very apt similitude, Ezekiel 24:1-14. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 25
      Introduction This chapter contains threatenings of the heavy judgments of God against the Ammonites, Ezekiel 25:1-7; Moabites, Ezekiel 25:8-11; Edomites, Ezekiel 25:12-14; and Philistines, Ezekiel 25:15-17; on account of their hatred to his people, and t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 26
      Introduction This prophecy, beginning here and ending in the twentieth verse of the twenty-eighth chapter, is a declaration of the judgments of God against Tyre, a very famous commercial city of antiquity, which was taken by Nebuchadnezzar after an arduo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 27
      Introduction This chapter may be considered as the second part of the prophecy concerning Tyre. The prophet pursues his subject in the manner of those ancient lamentations or funeral songs, in which the praeficiae or mourning women first recounted whatev ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 28
      Introduction The first part of this chapter relates to a King of Tyre, probably the same who is called in the Phoenician annals Ithobalus. He seems to have been a vain man, who affected Divine honors. The prophet treats his foolish pretensions with sever ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 29
      Introduction This and the three following chapters foretell the conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar, which he accomplished in the twenty-seventh year of Jehoiachin‘s captivity. The same event is foretold by Jeremiah, Jeremiah 46:13, etc. The prophecy o ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 3
      Introduction This chapter contains more particular instructions to the prophet. It begins with repeating his appointment to his office, Ezekiel 3:1-3. Ezekiel is then informed that his commission is, at this time, to the house of Israel exclusively, Ezek ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 30
      Introduction This chapter describes, with great force and elegance, the ruin of Egypt and all her allies by the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar, Ezekiel 30:1-11; with an amplification of the distress of the principal cities of Egypt on that occasion, Ezek ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 31
      Introduction This very beautiful chapter relates also to Egypt. The prophet describes to Pharaoh the fall of the king of Nineveh, (see the books of Nahum, Jonah, and Zephaniah), under the image of a fair cedar of Lebanon, once exceedingly tall, flourishi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 32
      Introduction The prophet goes on to predict the fall of the king of Egypt, under the figure of an animal of prey, such as a lion or crocodile, caught, slain, and his carcass left a prey to the fowls and wild beasts, Ezekiel 32:1-6. The figure is then cha ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 33
      Introduction The prophet, after having addressed several other nations, returns now to his own; previously to which he is told, as on a former occasion, the duty of a watchman, the salvation or ruin of whose soul depends on the manner in which he dischar ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ezekiel 34
      Introduction The prophet is commanded to declare the dreadful judgments of God against the covetous shepherds of Israel, who feed themselves, and not their flocks; by which emblem the priests and Levites are intended, who in Ezekiel‘s time were very co ... read more

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