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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 101 to 150 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 12
      Introduction Rehoboam and his subjects, forsaking the Lord, are delivered into the hands of Shishak, king of Egypt, 2 Chronicles 12:1-4. Shemaiah the prophet remonstrates with them, and they humble themselves, and Jerusalem is not destroyed; but Shishak ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 13
      Introduction Abijah begins to reign over Judah, and has war with Jeroboam, 2 Chronicles 13:1-3. His speech from Mount Zemaraim to Jeroboam, before the commencement of hostilities, 2 Chronicles 13:4-12. While thus engaged, Jeroboam despatches some troops ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 14
      Introduction Asa succeeds his father Abijah, reigns piously, and has peace for ten years, 2 Chronicles 14:1. He makes a great reformation in Judah, and builds cities of defense, 2 Chronicles 14:2-7. His military strength, 2 Chronicles 14:8. He is attacke ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 15
      Introduction Azariah‘s prophecy concerning Israel, and his exhortation to Asa, 2 Chronicles 15:1-7. Asa completes the reformation which he had begun, his kingdom is greatly strengthened, and all to people make a solemn covenant with the Lord, 2 Chronic ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 16
      Introduction Baasha, king of Israel, begins to build Ramah, to prevent his subjects from having any intercourse with the Jews, 2 Chronicles 16:1. Asa hires Ben-hadad, king of Syria, against him; and obliges him to leave off building Ramah, 2 Chronicles 1 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 17
      Introduction Jehoshaphat succeeds his father Asa, and reigns piously, and is particularly blessed, 2 Chronicles 17:1-6. He establishes an itinerant ministry, for the instruction of the people, through all the cities of Judah, which produces the most bene ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 18
      Introduction Jehoshaphat joins affinity with Ahab, king of Israel, 2 Chronicles 18:1, 2 Chronicles 18:2; who invites him to assist him in the war against the Syrians, to which Jehoshaphat agrees, 2 Chronicles 18:3. They consult the prophets concerning th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 19
      Introduction Jehoshaphat, on his return from Ramoth-gilead, is met by the prophet Jehu, and reproved, 2 Chronicles 19:1-3. He makes a farther reformation in the land, establishing courts of justice, and giving solemn and pertinent directions to the judge ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 2
      Introduction Solomon determines to build a temple, 2 Chronicles 2:1. The number of his workmen, 2 Chronicles 2:2. Sends to Huram for artificers and materials, 2 Chronicles 2:3-10. Huram sends him a favorable answer, and makes an agreement with him concer ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 20
      Introduction The Moabites, Ammonites, and Edomites, invade Judah, 2 Chronicles 20:1, 2 Chronicles 20:2. Jehoshaphat proclaims a fast, and gathers the people together to seek the Lord, 2 Chronicles 20:3, 2 Chronicles 20:4. His prayer to God, 2 Chronicles ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 21
      Introduction Jehoram succeeds his father Jehoshaphat; and commences his reign with the murder of his brethren, and of several of the princes of Israel, 2 Chronicles 21:1-5. He walks in the way of Ahab, whose bad daughter, Athaliah, he had married, 2 Chro ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 22
      Introduction Ahaziah beans to reign; and reigns wickedly under the counsels of his bad mother, 2 Chronicles 22:1-4. He is slain by Jehu, who destroys all the house of Ahab, 2 Chronicles 22:5-9. Athaliah destroys all the seed royal of Judah, except Joash, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 23
      Introduction Jehoiada the priest, after having taken counsel with the captains, Levites, etc., proclaims Joash, and anoints him king, 2 Chronicles 23:1-11. Athaliah, endeavoring to prevent it, is slain, 2 Chronicles 23:12-15. He makes the people enter in ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 24
      Introduction Joash begins to reign when seven years old, and reigns well all the days of Jehoiada the priest, 2 Chronicles 24:1-3. He purposes to repair the temple of God; and makes a proclamation that the people should bring in the money prescribed by M ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 25
      Introduction Amaziah succeeds his father Joash, and begins his reign well, 2 Chronicles 25:1, 2 Chronicles 25:2. He slays his father‘s murderers but spares their children, 2 Chronicles 25:3, 2 Chronicles 25:4. He reviews and remodels the army, 2 Chroni ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 26
      Introduction Uzziah, the son of Amaziah, succeeds; and begins his reign piously and prosperously, which continued during the life of Zechariah the prophet, 2 Chronicles 26:1-5. He fights successfully against the Philistines, and takes and dismantles some ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 27
      Introduction Jotham succeeds his father Uzziah, and reigns well, 2 Chronicles 27:1, 2 Chronicles 27:2. His buildings, 2 Chronicles 27:3, 2 Chronicles 27:4. His successful wars, 2 Chronicles 27:5, 2 Chronicles 27:6. General account of his acts, reign, and ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 28
      Introduction Ahaz succeeds his father Jotham, and reigns wickedly for sixteen years, 2 Chronicles 28:1. He restores idolatry in its grossest forms, 2 Chronicles 28:2-4; and is delivered Into the hands of the kings of Israel and Syria, 2 Chronicles 28:5. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 29
      Introduction Hezekiah‘s good reign, 2 Chronicles 29:1, 2 Chronicles 29:2. He opens and repairs the doors of the temple, 2 Chronicles 29:3. He assembles and exhorts the priests and Levites, and proposes to renew the covenant with the Lord, 2 Chronicles ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 3
      Introduction Solomon begins to build the temple in the fourth year of his reign on Mount Moriah, 2 Chronicles 3:1, 2 Chronicles 3:2. Its dimensions, ornaments, and pillars, 2 Chronicles 3:3-17. Verse 1 In Mount Moriah - Supposed to be the same place ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 30
      Introduction Hezekiah invites all Israel and Judah, and writes letters to Ephraim and Manasseh to come up to Jerusalem, and hold a passover to the Lord, 2 Chronicles 30:1-4. The posts go out with the king‘s proclamation from Dan to Beer-sheba, and pass ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 31
      Introduction The people destroy all traces of idolatry throughout Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh, 2 Chronicles 31:1. Hezekiah reforms the state of religion in general; and the tithes are brought in from all quarters, and proper officers set over ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 32
      Introduction Sennacherib invades Judea, 2 Chronicles 32:1. Hezekiah takes proper measures for the defense of his kingdom, 2 Chronicles 32:2-6. His exhortation, 2 Chronicles 32:7, 2 Chronicles 32:8. Sennacherib sends a blasphemous message to Hezekiah, and ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 33
      Introduction Manasseh reigns fifty-five years, and restores idolatry, pollutes the temple, and practises all kinds of abominations, 2 Chronicles 33:1-9. He and the people are warned in vain, 2 Chronicles 33:10. He is delivered into the hands of the Assyr ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 34
      Introduction Josiah reigns thirty-one years; destroys idolatry in Judah, as also in Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, and even to Naphtali, 2 Chronicles 34:1-7. He begins to repair the temple, and collects money for the purpose, and employs workmen, 2 Chronicle ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 35
      Introduction Josiah celebrates a passover, 2 Chronicles 35:1; regulates the courses of the priests; assigns them, the Levites, and the people, their portions; and completes the greatest passover ever celebrated since the days of Solomon, vv. 2-19. Pharao ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 36
      Introduction Jehoahaz made king on the death of his father Josiah, and reigns only three months, 2 Chronicles 36:1, 2 Chronicles 36:2. He is dethroned by the king of Egypt, and Jehoiakim his brother made king in his stead, who reigns wickedly eleven year ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 4
      Introduction The brazen altar, 2 Chronicles 4:1. Molten sea, and its supporters, 2 Chronicles 4:2-5. The ten lavers, 2 Chronicles 4:6. Ten golden candlesticks, 2 Chronicles 4:7. Ten tables, the hundred golden basons, and the priests‘ court, 2 Chronicle ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 5
      Introduction Solomon having finished the temple, brings in the things which his father had consecrated, 2 Chronicles 5:1. He assembles the elders and chiefs of Israel and the Levites, in order to bring up the ark from the city of David, 2 Chronicles 5:2, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 6
      Introduction Solomon‘s prayer at the dedication of the temple, vv. 1-42. Verse 1 The Lord hath said that he would dwell - Solomon, seeing the cloud descend and fill the house, immediately took for granted that the Lord had accepted the place, and w ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 7
      Introduction Solomon having ended his prayer, the fire of the Lord comes down from heaven and consumes the offerings, 2 Chronicles 7:1. The people and the priests see this, and glorify God, and offer sacrifices, 2 Chronicles 7:2-4. Solomon offers twenty- ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 8
      Introduction Solomon‘s buildings, conquests, and officers, 2 Chronicles 8:1-10. He brings Pharaoh‘s daughter to his new-built palace, 2 Chronicles 8:11. His various sacrifices, and arrangement of the priests, Levites, and porters, 2 Chronicles 8:12-1 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 9
      Introduction The queen of Sheba visits Solomon, and is sumptuously entertained by him, 2 Chronicles 9:1-12. His great riches, 2 Chronicles 9:13, 2 Chronicles 9:14. He makes targets and shields of beaten gold, and a magnificent ivory throne, and various u ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles overview
      Preface to the Two Books of Chronicles Anciently these two books were considered but as one: for this we have not only the testimony of St. Jerome, but also that of the Masoretes, who gave the sum of all the sections, chapters, and verses, under one no ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 John 1
      Introduction The apostle‘s address to a Christian matron and her children, 2 John 1:1-3. He rejoices to find that certain of her family had received, and continued to adorn, the truth; and he exhorts them to continue to love one another according to th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 John overview
      Preface to the Second Epistle of John The authority of the First Epistle of John being established, little need be said concerning either the second or third, if we regard the language and the sentiment only, for these so fully accord with the first, t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 1
      Introduction Ahaziah, being hurt by a fall, sends messengers to Baal-zebub to inquire whether he shall recover, 2 Kings 1:1, 2 Kings 1:2. They are met by Elijah, who sends them back with the information that he shall surely die, 2 Kings 1:3-8. The king s ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 10
      Introduction Jehu sends an ironical letter to the elders of Samaria, telling them to choose one of the best of their master‘s sons, and put him on the throne; to which they return a submissive answer, 2 Kings 10:1-6. He writes a second letter, and orde ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 11
      Introduction Athaliah destroys all that remain of the seed royal of Judah, 2 Kings 11:1. Jehosheba hides Joash the son of Ahaziah, and he remains hidden in the house of the Lord six years; and Athaliah reigns over the land, 2 Kings 11:2, 2 Kings 11:3. Je ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 12
      Introduction Jehoash reigns well under the instructions of Jehoiada the priest, 2 Kings 12:1-3. He directs the repairing of the temple; the account of what was done, 2 Kings 12:4-16. Hazael takes Gath; and, proceeding to besiege Jerusalem, is prevented b ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 13
      Introduction Jehoahaz reigns in Israel seventeen years; his various acts, and wars with the Syrians, 2 Kings 13:1-8. He dies, and Joash reigns in his stead, and does evil in the sight of the Lord, 2 Kings 13:9-13. Elisha‘s last sickness; he foretells a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 14
      Introduction Amaziah begins to reign well; his victory over the Edomites, 2 Kings 14:1-7. He challenges Jehoash, king of Israel, 2 Kings 14:8. Jehoash‘s parable of the thistle and the cedar, 2 Kings 14:9, 2 Kings 14:10. The two armies meet at Beth-shem ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 15
      Introduction Azariah begins to reign over Judah, and acts well, but does not remove the high places, 2 Kings 15:1-4. He becomes leprous, and dies, after having reigned fifty-two years; and Jotham, his son, reigns in his stead, 2 Kings 15:5-7. Zachariah r ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 16
      Introduction Ahaz begins to reign, acts wickedly, and restores idolatry in Judea, 2 Kings 16:1-4. Rezin, king of Syria, besieges Jerusalem, but cannot take it; he takes Elath, and drives the Jews thence, 2 Kings 16:5, 2 Kings 16:6. Ahaz hires Tiglath-pil ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 17
      Introduction Hoshea‘s wicked reign, 2 Kings 17:1, 2 Kings 17:2. Shalmaneser comes up against him, makes him tributary, and then casts him into prison, 2 Kings 17:3, 2 Kings 17:4. He besieges Samaria three years; and at last takes it, and carries Israel ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 18
      Introduction Hezekiah begins to reign; he removes the high places, breaks to pieces the brazen serpent, and walks uprightly before God, 2 Kings 18:1-6. He endeavors to shake off the Assyrian yoke, and defeats the Philistines, 2 Kings 18:7, 2 Kings 18:8. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 19
      Introduction Hezekiah as greatly distressed, and sends to Isaiah to pray for him, 2 Kings 19:1-4. Isaiah returns a comfortable answer, and predicts the destruction of the king of Assyria and his army, 2 Kings 19:5-8. Sennacherib, hearing that his kingdom ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 2
      Introduction Elijah, about to be taken up to heaven, goes in company with Elisha from Gilgal to Beth-el, 2 Kings 2:1, 2 Kings 2:2. Thence to Jericho, 2 Kings 2:3-5. And thence to Jordan, 2 Kings 2:6, 2 Kings 2:7. Elijah smites the waters with his mantle; ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 20
      Introduction Hezekiah‘s sickness, and the message of the prophet to him, to prepare for death, 2 Kings 20:1. His distress and prayer to God, 2 Kings 20:2, 2 Kings 20:3. The Lord hears, and promises to add fifteen years to his life, and Isaiah prescribe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Kings 21
      Introduction Manasseh succeeds his father Hezekiah, reigns fifty-five years, and fills Jerusalem and the whole land with abominable idolatry and murder, 2 Kings 21:1-9. God denounces the heaviest judgments against him and the land, 2 Kings 21:10-15. Mana ... read more

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