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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

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Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 75
      Introduction The psalmist praises God for present mercies, Psalm 75:1; the Lord answers, and promises to judge the people righteously, Psalm 75:2, Psalm 75:3; rebukes the proud and haughty, Psalm 75:4, Psalm 75:5; shows that all authority comes from hims ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 76
      Introduction The true God known in Judah, Israel, Salem, and Zion, Psalm 76:1, Psalm 76:2. A description of his defeat of the enemies of his people, Psalm 76:3-6. How God us to be worshipped, Psalm 76:7-9. He should be considered as the chief Ruler: all ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 77
      Introduction The psalmist‘s ardent prayer to God in the tine of distress, Psalm 77:1-4. The means he used to excite his confidence, Psalm 77:5-12. God‘s wonderful works in behalf of his people, Psalm 77:13-20. The title, “To the chief Musician, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 78
      Introduction An enumeration of the principal effects of the goodness of God to his people, vv. 1-16; of their rebellions and punishment, vv. 17-33; their feigned repentance, Psalm 78:34-37; God‘s compassion towards them, Psalm 78:38, Psalm 78:39; their ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 79
      Introduction The psalmist complains of the cruelty of his enemies and the desolations of Jerusalem, and prays against them, Psalm 79:1-7. He prays for the pardon and restoration of his people, and promises gratitude and obedience, Psalm 79:8-13. The t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 8
      Introduction The glory and excellence of God manifested by his works, Psalm 8:1, Psalm 8:2; particularly in the starry heavens, Psalm 8:3; in man, Psalm 8:4; in his formation, Psalm 8:5; and in the dominion which God has given him over the earth, the air ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 80
      Introduction A prayer for the captives, Psalm 80:1-3. A description of their miseries, Psalm 80:4-7. Israel compared to a vineyard, Psalm 80:8-14. Its desolate state, and a prayer for its restoration, Psalm 80:15-19. The title: see Psalm 45, Psalm 60: ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 81
      Introduction An exhortation to the people to praise God for his benefits, Psalm 81:1-7; and to attend to what he had prescribed, Psalm 81:8-10; their disobedience lamented, Psalm 81:11; the miseries brought on themselves by their transgressions, Psalm 81 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 82
      Introduction A warning to corrupt judges, Psalm 82:1, Psalm 82:2; an exhortation to them to dispense justice without respect of person, Psalm 82:3-5; they are threatened with the judgments of the Lord, Psalm 82:6-8. This Psalm, which, in the title, is ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 83
      Introduction The psalmist calls upon God for immediate help against a multitude of confederate enemies who had risen up against Judah, Psalm 83:1-5. He mentions them by name, Psalm 83:6-8; shows how they were to be punished, Psalm 83:9-17; and that this ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 84
      Introduction The psalmist longs for communion with God in the sanctuary, Psalm 84:1-3. The blessedness of those who enjoy God‘s ordinances, Psalm 84:4-7. With confidence in God, he prays for restoration to his house and worship, Psalm 84:8-12. The t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 85
      Introduction Thanksgiving to God for restoration to the Divine favor, Psalm 85:1-3; prayer for farther mercies, Psalm 85:4-7; the psalmist waits for a gracious answer in full confidence of receiving it, Psalm 85:8. He receives the assurance of the greate ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 86
      Introduction The psalmist prays to God for support, from a conviction that he is merciful, good, ready to forgive, and that there is none like him, Psalm 86:1-8; all nations shall bow before him because of his wondrous works, Psalm 86:9, Psalm 86:10; he ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 87
      Introduction The nature and glorious privileges of Zion and Jerusalem, Psalm 87:1-3. No other city to be compared to this, Psalm 87:4. The privilege of being born in it, Psalm 87:5, Psalm 87:6. Its praises celebrated, Psalm 87:7. The title, A Psalm or ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 88
      Introduction The earnest prayer of a person in deep distress, abandoned by his friends and neighbors, and apparently forsaken of God, vv. 1-18. Perhaps the title of this Psalm, which is difficult enough, might be thus translated: “A Poem to be sung ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 89
      Introduction The psalmist shows God‘s great mercy to the house of David, and the promises which he had given to it of support and perpetuity, vv. 1-37; complains that, notwithstanding these promises, the kingdom of Judah is overthrown, and the royal fa ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 9
      Introduction David praises God for the benefits which he has granted to Israel in general, and to himself in particular, Psalm 9:1-6. He encourages himself in the Lord, knowing that he will ever judge righteously, and be a refuge for the distressed, Psal ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 90
      Introduction The eternity of God, Psalm 90:1, Psalm 90:2; the frailty of the state of man, Psalm 90:3-9; the general limits of human life, Psalm 90:10; the danger of displeasing God, Psalm 90:11; the necessity of considering the shortness of life, and of ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 91
      Introduction The safety of the godly man, and his confidence, Psalm 91:1, Psalm 91:2. How he is defended and preserved, Psalm 91:3-10. The angels of God are his servants, Psalm 91:11, Psalm 91:12; and he shall tread on the necks of his adversaries, Psalm ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 92
      Introduction The psalmist shows the duty and advantage of praising God, Psalm 92:1-3; speaks of the grandeur of God‘s works, Psalm 92:4-6; the fall of the wicked, Psalm 92:7-9; the happiness of the righteous, Psalm 92:10-14; and all this founded on the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 93
      Introduction The universal government of God, Psalm 93:1, Psalm 93:2; the opposition to that government, Psalm 93:3, Psalm 93:4; the truth of God‘s testimonies, Psalm 93:5. This Psalm has no title either in the Hebrew or Chaldee. The Vulgate, Septua ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 94
      Introduction An appeal to God against oppressors, Psalm 94:1-7. Expostulations with the workers of iniquity, Psalm 94:8-11. God‘s merciful dealings with his followers, Psalm 94:12-15; and their confidence in him, Psalm 94:16-19. The punishment of the w ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 95
      Introduction An invitation to praise God, Psalm 95:1, Psalm 95:2. The reason on which this is founded, the majesty and dominion of God, Psalm 95:3-5. An invitation to pray to God, Psalm 95:6. And the reasons on which that is founded, Psalm 95:7. Exhortat ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 96
      Introduction All the inhabitants of the earth are invited to praise the Lord, Psalm 96:1-3. His supreme majesty, Psalm 96:3-6. The tribes of Israel are invited to glorify him, Psalm 96:7-9; and to proclaim him among the heathen, Psalm 96:10. The heavens ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 97
      Introduction The reign of Jehovah, its nature and blessedness, Psalm 97:1, Psalm 97:2. He is fearful to the wicked, Psalm 97:3-6. Idolaters shall be destroyed, Psalm 97:7. The blessedness of the righteous, Psalm 97:8-12. This Psalm has no title either ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 98
      Introduction God is celebrated for his wondrous works, Psalm 98:1, Psalm 98:2; for the exact fulfillment of his gracious promises, Psalm 98:3. The manner in which he is to be praised, Psalm 98:4-6. Inanimate creation called to bear a part in this concert ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms 99
      Introduction The empire of God in the world and the Church, Psalm 99:1, Psalm 99:2. He ought to be praised, Psalm 99:3. Justice and judgment are his chief glory, Psalm 99:4. He should be worshipped as among the saints of old, whom he graciously answered ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Psalms overview
      Introduction to the Book of Psalms Section I - On the Names Given to this Book This book is termed in Hebrew ספר תהלים (Sepher Tehillim), which some learned men derive from הל (hal) or הלל (halal), to move briskly, irradiate, shine; and ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ruth 1
      Introduction Elimelech, his wife Naomi, and their two sons, Mahlon and Chilion, flee from a famine in the land of Israel, and go to sojourn in Moab, Rth 1:1, Rth 1:2. Here his two sons marry; and, in the space of ten years, both their father and they die ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ruth 2
      Introduction Ruth goes to glean in the field of Boaz, Rth 2:1-3. Boaz finds her, and inquires who she is, Rth 2:4-7. He speaks kindly to her, gives her permission to follow his reapers, and orders them to use her well, Rth 2:8-16. She returns in the even ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ruth 3
      Introduction Naomi‘s advice to Ruth, how to procure herself a marriage with Boaz, Rth 3:1-5. She acts according to her mother-in-law‘s direction, and is kindly received by Boaz, who promises to marry her, should her nearer kinsman refuse, Rth 3:6-13. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ruth 4
      Introduction Boaz gathers a council of the elders at the city gates, states the case, and proposes to the nearest kinsman to redeem the inheritance of Elimelech, and take Ruth to wife, Rth 4:1-5. The kinsman refuses, and relinquishes has right to Boaz, R ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Ruth overview
      Preface to the Book of Ruth When and by whom the book of Ruth was written, are points not agreed on among critics and commentators. As to the transactions recorded in it, they are variously placed. In the book itself there is no other notation of time ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 1
      Introduction The bride‘s love to her spouse, Song of Solomon 1:1-5. She conffieuses her unworthiness; desires to be directed to the flock, Song of Solomon 1:6, Song of Solomon 1:7; and she is directed to the shepherds‘ tents, Song of Solomon 1:8. The ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 2
      Introduction A description of the bridegroom, and his love to the bride, Song of Solomon 2:1-9. A fine description of spring, Song of Solomon 2:10-13. The mutual love of both, Song of Solomon 2:14-17. Verse 1 I am the rose of Sharon - Sharon was a ve ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 3
      Introduction The bride mentions the absence of her spouse, her search after him, and her ultimate success, Song of Solomon 3:1-5. A description of the bridegroom, his bed, chariot, etc., Song of Solomon 3:6-11. Verse 1 By night on my bed I sought him ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 4
      Introduction The bridegroom‘s description of his bride, her person, her accomplishments, her chastity, and her general excellence, vv. 1-16. Verse 1 Thou hast doves‘ eyes within thy locks - Perhaps this refers rather to a sort of veil worn by man ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 5
      Introduction The bridegroom calls on his spouse to admit him, Song of Solomon 5:1-3. She hesitates; but arising finds him gone, seeks him, and is treated unworthily by the city watch, Song of Solomon 5:4-7. Inquires of the daughters of Jerusalem, who que ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 6
      Introduction The companions of the bride inquire after the bridegroom, Song of Solomon 6:1-3. A description of the bride, Song of Solomon 6:4-13. Verse 1 Whither is thy beloved gone - These words are supposed to be addressed to the bride by her own c ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 7
      Introduction A farther description of the bride, Song of Solomon 7:1-9. Her invitation to the bridegroom, Song of Solomon 7:10-13. Verse 1 How beautiful are thy feet with shoes - “How graceful is thy walking.” In the sixth chapter the bridegroom ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon 8
      Introduction The love of the bride to her spouse, and the nature of that love, Song of Solomon 8:1-7. The younger sister, Song of Solomon 8:8-10. Solomon‘s vineyard, Song of Solomon 8:11, Song of Solomon 8:12. The confidence of the bride and bridegroom ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Song of Solomon overview
      Introduction to the Canticles, or Song of Solomon The book before us is called in the Hebrew שיר השירים (Shir Hashshirim), “The Song of Songs;” or, “An Ode of the Odes:” which might be understood, “An Ode taken or selected from oth ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Titus 1
      Introduction The apostle‘s statement of his character, his hope, and his function, Titus 1:1-3. His address to Titus, and the end for which he left him in Crete, Titus 1:4, Titus 1:5. The qualifications requisite in those who should be appointed elders ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Titus 2
      Introduction Sundry directions to aged men, Titus 2:1, Titus 2:2. To aged women, Titus 2:3. To young women, Titus 2:4, Titus 2:5. To young men, Titus 2:6. Directions to Titus, relative to his own conduct, Titus 2:7, Titus 2:8. Directions to servants, Tit ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Titus 3
      Introduction The necessity of obedience to the civil powers, and of meek and gentle deportment towards all men, is to be diligently enforced, Titus 3:1, Titus 3:2. The wretched state of man, previously to the advent of Christ, Titus 3:3. The wonderful ch ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Titus overview
      Preface to the Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Titus It is strange, that of a person who must have attained considerable eminence in the Christian Church, and one to whom a canonical epistle has been written by the great apostle of the Gentiles, we shou ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Zechariah 1
      Introduction The prophet earnestly exhorts the people to repentance, that they may escape such punishments as had been inflicted on their fathers, Zechariah 1:1-6. The vision of the horses, with the signification, Zechariah 1:7-11. The angel of the Lord ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Zechariah 10
      Introduction The promise of prosperity and plenty in the close of the preceding chapter leads the prophet to suggest, next, the means of obtaining them; supplication to Jehovah, and not to idols, whose worship had already proved a fertile source of calam ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Zechariah 11
      Introduction The commencement of this chapter relates to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Jewish polity, probably by the Babylonians; at least in the first instance, as the fourth verse speaks of the people thus threatened as the prophet‘s charge, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Zechariah 12
      Introduction The first part of this chapter, with several passages in chap. 14, relates to an invasion that shall be made on the inhabitants of Judea and Jerusalem in the latter ages of the world, some time after the restoration and settlement of the Jew ... read more

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