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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 701 to 750 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 17
      Introduction The people are commanded to bring all the cattle they intend to kill to the door of the tabernacle, where they are to be made an offering to the Lord; and those who disobey are to be cut off, Leviticus 17:1-5. The priest is to sprinkle the b ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 18
      Introduction The people are commanded to avoid the doings of the Egyptians and Canaanites, Leviticus 18:1-3. They are to do God‘s judgments, and to keep his ordinances, that they may live, Leviticus 18:4, Leviticus 18:5. Marriages with those who are ne ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 19
      Introduction Exhortations to holiness, and a repetition of various laws, Leviticus 19:1, Leviticus 19:2 Duty to parents, and observance of the Sabbath, Leviticus 19:3. Against idolatry, Leviticus 19:4. Concerning peace-offerings, Leviticus 19:5-8. The gl ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 2
      Introduction The meat-offering of flour with oil and incense, Leviticus 2:1-3. The oblation of the meat-offering baked in the oven and in the pan, Leviticus 2:4-6. The meat-offering baked in the frying-pan, Leviticus 2:7-10. No leaven nor honey to be off ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 20
      Introduction Of giving seed to Molech, and the punishment of this crime, Leviticus 20:1-5. Of consulting wizards, etc., Leviticus 20:6-8. Of disrespect to parents, Leviticus 20:9. Of adultery, Leviticus 20:10. Of incestuous mixtures, Leviticus 20:11, Lev ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 21
      Introduction The priests shall not mourn for the dead, except for near relatives, such as mother, father, son, daughter, and sister if a virgin, Leviticus 21:1-4. They shall not shave their heads nor beards, nor make any cuttings in the flesh, because th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 22
      Introduction Of the uncleanness of the priests, by which they were prevented from ministering in holy things, Leviticus 22:1-5. How they should be cleansed, Leviticus 22:6, Leviticus 22:7. The priest must not eat of any animal that had died of itself, or ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 23
      Introduction The feast of the Lord, Leviticus 23:1, Leviticus 23:2. The Sabbath, Leviticus 23:3. The passover and unleavened bread, Leviticus 23:4-8. The feast of first-fruits, Leviticus 23:9-14. The feast of pentecost, Leviticus 23:15-21. Gleanings to b ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 24
      Introduction Pure olive oil must be provided for the lamps, Leviticus 24:1, Leviticus 24:2. Aaron is to take care that the lamps be lighted from evening to morning continually, Leviticus 24:3, Leviticus 24:4. How the shew-bread is to be made and ordered, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 25
      Introduction The law concerning the Sabbatical or seventh year repeated, Leviticus 25:1-7. The law relative to the jubilee, or fiftieth year, and the hallowing of the fiftieth, Leviticus 25:8-12. In the year of jubilee every one to return unto his posses ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 26
      Introduction Idolatry forbidden, Leviticus 26:1. The Sabbath to be sanctified, Leviticus 26:2-3. Promises to obedience, of fruitful fields, plentiful harvests, and vintage, Leviticus 26:4-5. Of peace and security, Leviticus 26:6. Discomfiture of their en ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 27
      Introduction Laws concerning vows, Leviticus 27:1, Leviticus 27:2. Of males and females from twenty to sixty years of age, and their valuation, Leviticus 27:3, Leviticus 27:4. Of the same from five to twenty years, Leviticus 27:5. Of the same from a mont ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 3
      Introduction The law of the peace-offering in general, Leviticus 3:1-5. That of the peace-offering taken from the flock, Leviticus 3:6-11; and the same when the offering is a goat, Leviticus 3:12-17. Verse 1 Peace-offering - שלמים (shelamim), an ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 4
      Introduction The law concerning the sin-offering for transgressions committed through ignorance, Leviticus 4:1, Leviticus 4:2. For the priest thus sinning, Leviticus 4:3-12. For the sins of ignorance of the whole congregation, Leviticus 4:13-21. For the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 5
      Introduction Concerning witnesses who, being adjured, refuse to tell the truth, Leviticus 5:1. Of those who contract defilement by touching unclean things or persons, Leviticus 5:2, Leviticus 5:3. Of those who bind themselves by vows or oaths, and do not ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 6
      Introduction Laws relative to detention of property entrusted to the care of another, to robbery, and deceit, Leviticus 6:1, Leviticus 6:2; finding of goods lost, keeping them from their owner, and swearing falsely, Leviticus 6:3. Such a person shall not ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 7
      Introduction The law of the trespass-offering, and the priest‘s portion in it, Leviticus 7:1-7. As also in the sin-offerings and meat-offerings, Leviticus 7:8-10. The law of the sacrifice of peace-offering, Leviticus 7:11, whether it was a thanksgiving ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 8
      Introduction Moses is commanded to consecrate Aaron and his sons, Leviticus 8:1-3. Moses convenes the congregation; washes, clothes, and anoints Aaron, Leviticus 8:4-12. He also clothes Aaron‘s sons, Leviticus 8:13. Offers a bullock for them as a sin-o ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 9
      Introduction Aaron is commanded to offer, on the eighth day, a sin-offering and a burnt-offering, Leviticus 9:1, Leviticus 9:2. The people are commanded also to offer a sin-offering, a burnt-offering, peace-offerings, and a meat-offering, Leviticus 9:3, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus overview
      Preface to the Book of Leviticus The Greek version of the Septuagint, and the Vulgate Latin, have given the title of Leviticus to the third book of the Pentateuch, and the name has been retained in almost all the modern versions. The book was thus call ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Malachi 1
      Introduction This chapter begins with showing the great and free favor which God had manifested to the Israelites, above what he had done to the Edomites, who are threatened with farther marks of the Divine displeasure; alluding, perhaps, to the calamiti ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Malachi 2
      Introduction The priests reproved for their unfaithfulness in their office, for which they are threatened to be deprived of their share of the sacrifice, (the shoulder), and rewarded only with ignominy and ordure, Malachi 2:1-3. The degeneracy of the ord ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Malachi 3
      Introduction In allusion to the custom of sending pioneers to prepare the way for the march of an eastern monarch, the coming of Christ‘s forerunner is described, and then the coming of Christ himself, Malachi 3:1; with the terrible judgments which wer ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Malachi 4
      Introduction God‘s awful judgments on the wicked, Malachi 4:1. Great blessedness of the righteous, Malachi 4:2, Malachi 4:3. The prophet then, with a solemnity becoming the last of the prophets, closes the Sacred Canon with enjoining the strict observa ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah 1
      Introduction The prophet begins with calling the attention of all people to the awful descent of Jehovah, coming to execute his judgments against the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, Micah 1:1-5; first against Samaria, whose fate the prophet laments on the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah 2
      Introduction Here the prophet denounces a wo against the plotters of wickedness, the covetous and the oppressor, Micah 2:1, Micah 2:2. God is represented as devising their ruin, Micah 2:3. An Israelite is then introduced as a mourner, personating his peo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah 3
      Introduction In this chapter the prophet inveighs with great boldness and spirit against the princes and prophets of Judah; and foretells the destruction of Jerusalem as the consequence of their iniquity, Micah 3:1-12. The last verse was fulfilled to a c ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah 4
      Introduction In the commencement of this chapter we have a glorious prophecy of the establishment and prosperity of the Messiah‘s kingdom; its peaceful character, increasing spiritual and political influence, ultimate universality, and everlasting dura ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah 5
      Introduction This chapter begins, according to the opinion of some commentators, with a prophecy concerning the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, and the great indignities which Zedekiah should suffer from the Babylonians, Micah 5:1. We have next a m ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah 6
      Introduction This chapter reproves and threatens. The manner of raising the attention by calling on man to urge his plea in the face of all nature, and on the inanimate creation to hear the expostulation of Jehovah with his people, is awakening and subli ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah 7
      Introduction The prophet begins this chapter with lamenting the decay of piety and the growth of ungodliness, using a beautiful allegory to imply (as explained in Micah 7:2) that the good man is as seldom to be met with as the early fig of best quality i ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Micah overview
      Introduction to the Book of the Prophet Micah Micah, the Morasthite, or of Moresa, a village near the city Eleutheropolis, in the southern part of Judah, is the sixth in order of the twelve minor prophets. He prophesied under Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nahum 1
       Introduction This chapter opens the prophecy against the Assyrians and their metropolis with a very magnificent description of the infinite justice, tender compassion, and uncontrollable power of God, Nahum 1:1-8. To this succeeds an address to the Ass ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nahum 2
      Introduction Nineveh is now called upon to prepare for the approach of her enemies, the instruments of Jehovah‘s vengeance, Nahum 2:1; and the military array and muster, the very arms and dress, of the Medes and Babylonians in the reigns of Cyaxares an ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nahum 3
      Introduction The prophet denounces a wo against Nineveh for her perfidy and violence. He musters up before our eyes the number of her chariots and cavalry; points to her burnished arms, and to the great and unrelenting slaughter which she spreads around ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nahum overview
      Introduction to the Book of the Prophet Nahum Nahum, the seventh of the twelve minor prophets, was a native of Elkoshai, a little village of Galilee, whose ruins were still in being in the time of St. Jerome. However there are some who think that Elkos ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 1
      Introduction Account of Nehemiah, Nehemiah 1:1. His inquiry about the Jews that had returned from their captivity, and concerning the state of Jerusalem, of which he receives the most discouraging information, Nehemiah 1:2, Nehemiah 1:3. He is greatly af ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 10
      Introduction The names of those who sealed the covenant, vv. 1-27. All solemnly promise not to have affinity with the people of the land, Nehemiah 10:28-30; to observe the Sabbaths, Nehemiah 10:31; to provide for the sanctuary according to the law, Nehem ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 11
      Introduction Lots are cast that a tenth of the people may constantly dwell at Jerusalem, and the other nine parts in the other cities and villages, Nehemiah 11:1. Some willingly offer themselves to dwell in Jerusalem, and the people bless them, Nehemiah ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 12
      Introduction Account of the priests and Levites that come up with Zerubbabel, Nehemiah 12:1-7. Of the Levites, Nehemiah 12:8-21. The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Nehemiah 12:22-26. Of the dedication of the wall, and its ceremonies, vv. 27-43. Differe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 13
      Introduction The law is read, which commands that the Ammonite and Moabite should be separated from the congregation, on which they separate all the mixed multitude, Nehemiah 13:1-3. Eliashib the high priest having not only joined opinion with Sanballat, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 2
      Introduction Artaxerxes, observing the sorrow of Nehemiah, inquires into the cause, Nehemiah 2:1, Nehemiah 2:2. Nehemiah shows him the cause, and requests permission to go and rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, Nehemiah 2:3-6. The king grants it, and gives ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 3
      Introduction The names of those who rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem; and the part assigned to each person, vv. 1-32. Verse 1 Eliashib the high priest - It was right that the priests should be first in this holy work; and perhaps the sheep gate which i ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 4
      Introduction Sanballat and Tobiah mock the Jews, and endeavor to prevent the completing of the wall, Nehemiah 4:1-3. Nehemiah prays against them, and the people complete one half of the wall, Nehemiah 4:4-6. The Arabians, Ammonites, and Ashdodites, consp ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 5
      Introduction The people complain that they are oppressed and enthralled by their richer brethren, Nehemiah 5:1-3. Nehemiah calls them to account; upbraids them for their cruelty; and obliges them to swear that they will forgive the debts, restore the mor ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 6
      Introduction Sanballat, Tobiah, and Geshem, insidiously desire a conference with Nehemiah, which he refuses, Nehemiah 6:1-4. They then charge him with the design of rebelling, and causing himself to be made king, Nehemiah 6:5-7; which he denies, and pray ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 7
      Introduction Nehemiah makes use of proper precautions in guarding the city gates, Nehemiah 7:1-4. He proposes to reckon the people according to their genealogies; and finds a register of those who came out of Babylon, with Zerubbabel, Nehemiah 7:5-7. A t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 8
      Introduction Ezra, Nehemiah, and the Levites, read and interpret the laws to the people, Nehemiah 8:1-7. The manner in which they do this important work, Nehemiah 8:8. The effect produced on the people‘s minds by hearing it, Nehemiah 8:9. The people ar ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah 9
      Introduction On the twenty-fourth day of the seventh month, the people hold a solemn fast unto the Lord, and confess their sins, Nehemiah 9:1-3. The Levites give a general account of God‘s kindness and forbearance to them and to their fathers; and ackn ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Nehemiah overview
      Introduction to the Book of Nehemiah In the introduction to the book of Ezra, we have already seen those wonderful interferences of Divine Providence in which Nehemiah bore so large a share. Dr. Prideaux, with his usual perspicuity, has interwoven the ... read more

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