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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 651 to 700 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 21
      Introduction The Levites apply to Eleazar, Joshua, and the elders, for the cities to dwell in which Moses had promised, Joshua 21:1, Joshua 21:2. Their request is granted, Joshua 21:3. The priests receive thirteen cities out of the tribes of Judah, Simeo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 22
      Introduction Joshua assembles, commends, blesses, and then dismisses the two tribes of Reuben and Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, Joshua 22:1-8. They return and build an altar by the side of Jordan, Joshua 22:9, Joshua 22:10. The rest of the Israeli ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 23
      Introduction Joshua, being old, calls for the rulers and different heads of the Israelites, Joshua 23:1, Joshua 23:2, to whom he relates how God had put them in possession of the promised land, Joshua 23:3, Joshua 23:4; from which all their remaining ene ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 24
      Introduction Joshua gathers all the tribes together at Shechem, Joshua 24:1; and gives them a history of God‘s gracious dealings with Abraham, Joshua 24:2, Joshua 24:3; Isaac, Jacob, and Esau, Joshua 24:4; Moses and Aaron, and their fathers in Egypt, J ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 3
      Introduction The Israelitish camp removes from Shittim to Jordan, Joshua 3:1. The officers inform them how they are to pass the river, and the distance they are to keep from the ark, Joshua 3:2-4. Joshua directs the people, Joshua 3:5, Joshua 3:6; and th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 4
      Introduction When the people are passed over, Joshua commands twelve men, one taken out of each tribe, to take up a stone on his shoulder out of the midst of the river, and carry it to the other side, to be set up as a memorial of this miraculous passage ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 5
      Introduction The effect produced on the minds of the Canaanites by the late miracle, Joshua 5:1. Joshua is commanded to circumcise the Israelites, Joshua 5:2. He obeys, Joshua 5:3. Who they were that were circumcised, and why it was now done, Joshua 5:4- ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 6
      Introduction The inhabitants of Jericho close their gates, Joshua 6:1. Continuation of the discourse between the captain of the Lord‘s host and Joshua. He commands the people to march round the city six days, the seven priests blowing with their trumpe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 7
      Introduction The trespass of the Israelites, Joshua 7:1. Joshua sends men to view the state of Ai, Joshua 7:2. They return with a favorable report, Joshua 7:3. Three thousand men are sent against it, who are defeated, and thirty-six killed, Joshua 7:4, J ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 8
      Introduction The Lord encourages Joshua, and promises to deliver Ai into his hands, and instructs him how he is to proceed against it, Joshua 8:1, Joshua 8:2. Joshua takes thirty thousand of his best troops, and gives them instructions concerning his int ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 9
      Introduction All the kings of the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, unite them forces against Joshua, Joshua 9:1, Joshua 9:2. The inhabitants of Gibeon, hearing what Joshua had done to Ai, sent ambassadors to him, feigni ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua overview
      Preface to the Book of Joshua Joshua, the son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, was first called Oshea or Hoshea, הושע, Numbers 13:16, which signifies saved, a savior, or salvation; but afterwards Moses, guided no doubt by a prophetic spirit, change ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jude 1
      Introduction The address and apostolical benediction, Judges 1:1, Judges 1:2. The reasons which induced Jude to write this epistle, to excite the Christians to contend for the true faith, and to beware of false teachers, lest, falling from their steadfas ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jude overview
      Preface to the General Epistle of Jude In the preface to the Epistle of James several things have been said relative to Jude the brother of James, the supposed author of this epistle; and to that preface the reader is requested to refer. What is farthe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 1
      Introduction After the death of Joshua the Israelites purpose to attack the remaining Canaanites; and the tribe of Judah is directed to go up first, Judges 1:1, Judges 1:2. Judah and Simeon unite, attack the Canaanites and Perrizites, kill ten thousand o ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 10
      Introduction Tola judges Israel twenty-three years, Judges 10:1, Judges 10:2. Jair is judge twenty-two years, Judges 10:3-5. After him the Israelites rebel against God, and are delivered into the hands of the Philistines and Ammonites eighteen years, Jud ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 11
      Introduction The history of Jephthah, and his covenant with the Gileadites, Judges 11:1-10. He is elected by the people, Judges 11:11. Sends an embassy to the king of the Ammonites, to inquire why they invaded Israel; and receives an answer, to which he ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 12
      Introduction The Ephraimites are incensed against Jephthah, because he did not call them to war against the Ammonites; and threaten his destruction, Judges 12:1. He vindicates himself, Judges 12:2, Judges 12:3; and arms the Gileadites against the men of ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 13
      Introduction The Israelites corrupt themselves, abut are delivered into the hands of the Philistines forty years, Judges 13:1. An Angel appears to the wife of Manoah, foretells the birth of her son, and gives her directions how to treat both herself and ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 14
      Introduction Samson marries a wife of the Philistines, Judges 14:1-4. Slays a young lion at Timnath, in the carcass of which he afterwards finds a swarm of bees, Judges 14:5-9. He makes a feast; they appoint him thirty companions, to whom he puts forth a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 15
      Introduction Samson, going to visit his wife, finds her bestowed on another, Judges 15:1, Judges 15:2. He is incensed, vows revenge, and burns the corn of the Philistines, Judges 15:3-5. They burn Samson‘s wife and her father, Judges 15:6. He is still ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 16
      Introduction Samson comes to Gaza; they lay wait for him; he rises by night, and carries away the city gates, Judges 16:1-3. Falls in love with Delilah, Judges 16:4. The lords of the Philistines promise her money if she will obtain from Samson the secret ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 17
      Introduction Micah, an Ephraimite, restores to his mother eleven hundred shekels of silver, which he had taken from her, Judges 17:1, Judges 17:2. She dedicates this to God; and out of a part of it makes a graven image and a molten image, and gets them u ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 18
      Introduction Some Danites, seeking an inheritance, send five men to search the land, who arrive at the house of Micah, Judges 18:1, Judges 18:2. They employ the Levite, who served to his house as priest, to ask counsel for them of God, Judges 18:3-5. He ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 19
      Introduction A Levite and his concubine disagree; and she leaves him and goes to her father‘s house, Judges 19:1, Judges 19:2. He follows to bring her back, and is kindly entertained by her father five days, Judges 19:3-8. He returns; and lodges the fi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 2
      Introduction An angel comes to the Israelites at Bochim, and gives them various reproofs, at which they are greatly affected, Judges 2:1-5. They served the Lord during the days of Joshua, and the elders who succeeded him, Judges 2:6, Judges 2:7. Joshua h ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 20
      Introduction The heads of the eleven tribes come before the Lord in Mizpeh, and examine the Levite relative to the murder of his wife, who gives a simple narrative of the whole affair, Judges 20:1-7. They unanimously resolve to avenge the wrong, and make ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 21
      Introduction The Israelites mourn because of the desolation of Benjamin, and consult the Lord, Judges 21:1-4. They inquire who of Israel had not come to this war, as they had vowed that those who would not make this a common cause should be put to death, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 3
      Introduction An account of the nations that we left to prove Israel, Judges 3:1-4. How the people provoked the Lord, Judges 3:5-7. They are delivered into the power of the king of Mesopotamia, by whom they are enslaved eight years, Judges 3:8. Othniel is ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 4
      Introduction The Israelites again rebel against God, and they are delivered into the hands of Jabin, king of Canaan, Judges 4:1, Judges 4:2. They cry unto God, and he raises up Deborah and Barak to deliver then, Judges 4:3-10. Some account of Heber the K ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 5
      Introduction The triumphant song of Deborah and Barak, after the defeat of Sisera, captain of the armies of Jabin, king of Canaan. Verse 1 Then sang Deborah, and Barak - There are many difficulties in this very sublime song; and learned men have toil ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 6
      Introduction The Israelites again do evil, and are delivered into the hands of the Midianites, by whom they are oppressed seven years, Judges 6:1, Judges 6:2. Different tribes spoil their harvests, and take away their cattle, Judges 6:3-5. They cry unto ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 7
      Introduction The Lord commands Gideon to make a selection of a small number of his men to go against the Midianites. Three hundred only are selected; and into the hands of these God promises to deliver the whole Midianitish host, Judges 7:1-8. Gideon is ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 8
      Introduction The Ephraimites are angry with Gideon because he did not call them particularly to his assistance; he pacifies them, Judges 8:1-3. Gideon and his three hundred men pass over Jordan, pursuing the Midianites; and, being faint, ask victuals fro ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges 9
      Introduction Abimelech is made king; and, to secure himself in the kingdom, slays his brethren; Jotham, the youngest only escapes, Judges 9:1-4. Jotham reproves him and the Shechemites by a curious and instructive parable, Judges 9:7-21. Abimelech having ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Judges overview
      Preface to the Book of Judges The persons called Judges, שופטים (Shophetim), from שפט, (shaphat), to judge, discern regulate, and direct, were the heads or chiefs of the Israelites who governed the Hebrew republic from the days of Moses and Jo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Lamentations 1
      Introduction The prophet begins with lamenting the dismal reverse of fortune that befell his country, confessing at the same time that her calamities were the just consequence of her sins, Lamentations 1:1-6. Jerusalem herself is then personified and bro ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Lamentations 2
      Introduction The prophet shows the dire effects of the Divine anger in the miseries brought on his country; the unparalleled calamities of which he charges, on a great measure, on the false prophets, Lamentations 2:1-14. In thus desperate condition, the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Lamentations 3
      Introduction The prophet, by enumerating his own severe trials, vv. 1-20, and showing his trust in God, Lamentations 3:21, encourages his people to the like resignation and trust in the Divine and never-failing mercy, Lamentations 3:22-27. He vindicates ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Lamentations 4
      Introduction The present deplorable sate of the nation is now contrasted with its ancient prosperity, Lamentations 4:1-12; and the unhappy change ascribed, in a great degree, to the profligacy of the priests and prophets, Lamentations 4:13-16. The nation ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Lamentations 5
      Introduction This chapter is, as it were, an epiphonema, or conclusion to the four preceding, representing the nation as groaning under their calamities, and humbly supplicating the Divine favor, vv. 1-22. Verse 1 Remember, O Lord - In the Vulgate, S ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Lamentations overview
      Introduction to the Lamentations of Jeremiah This book, like the several books of the Pentateuch, is denominated in Hebrew איכה (eicah), how, from its first word; and sometimes קינות (kinnoth), lamentations, from its subject. In the Septuagint ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 1
      Introduction The Lord calls to Moses out of the tabernacle, and gives him directions concerning burnt-offerings of the beeve kind, Leviticus 1:1, Leviticus 1:2. The burnt-offering to be a male without blemish, Leviticus 1:3. The person bringing it to lay ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 10
      Introduction Nadab and Abihu offer strange fire before the Lord, and are destroyed, Leviticus 10:1-5. Aaron and his family forbidden to mourn for them, Leviticus 10:6, Leviticus 10:7. He and his family are forbidden the use of wine, Leviticus 10:8-11. Di ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 11
      Introduction Laws concerning clean and unclean animals, Leviticus 11:1, Leviticus 11:2. Of Quadrupeds, those are clean which divide the hoof and chew the cud, Leviticus 11:3. Those to be reputed unclean which do not divide the hoof, though they chew the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 12
      Introduction Ordinances concerning the purification of women after child-birth, Leviticus 12:1; after the birth of a son, who is to be circumcised the eighth day, Leviticus 12:2, Leviticus 12:3. The mother to be considered unclean for forty days, Levitic ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 13
      Introduction Laws relative to the leprosy. It is to be known by a rising in the flesh, a scab, or a bright spot, Leviticus 13:1, Leviticus 13:2. When the priest sees these signs he shall pronounce the man unclean, infected with the leprosy, and unfit for ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 14
      Introduction Introduction to the sacrifices and ceremonies to be used in cleansing the leper, Leviticus 14:1-3. Two living birds, cedar-wood, scarlet, and hyssop, to be brought for him who was to be cleansed, Leviticus 14:4. One of the birds to be killed ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 15
      Introduction Laws concerning uncleanness of men, Leviticus 15:1-12. Mode of cleansing, Leviticus 15:13-15. Of uncleanness, accidental and casual, Leviticus 15:16-18. Laws concerning the uncleanness of women, vv. 10-27. Mode of cleansing, Leviticus 15:28- ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Leviticus 16
      Introduction The solemn yearly expiation for the high priest, who must not come at all times into the holy place, Leviticus 16:1, Leviticus 16:2. He must take a bullock for a sin-offering, and a ram for a burnt-offering, bathe himself, and be dressed in ... read more

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