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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 601 to 650 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 23
      Introduction Job answers; apologizes for his complaining; wishes to plead his cause in the presence of his Maker, from whom he knows he should receive justice; but regrets that he cannot find him, Job 23:1-9. He, however, gives himself and his cause up t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 24
      Introduction Job asserts that there are various transgressors whose wickedness is not visited on them in this life; and particularizes the adjust and oppressive, Job 24:1-6; those who are cruel to the poor, Job 24:7-13; the murderer, Job 24:14; the adult ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 25
      Introduction Bildad, the Shuhite, in an irregular speech, shows that God‘s dominion is supreme, his armies innumerable, and his providence extended over all, Job 25:1-3; that man cannot be justified before God; that even the heavenly bodies cannot be r ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 26
      Introduction Job, perceiving that his friends could no longer support their arguments on the ground they had assumed, sharply reproves them for their want both of wisdom and feeling, Job 26:1-4; shows that the power and wisdom of God are manifest in the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 27
      Introduction Job strongly asserts his innocence; determines to maintain it, and to avoid every evil way, Job 27:1-7. Shows his abhorrence of the hypocrite by describing his infamous character, accumulated miseries, and wretched end, vv. 8-23. Verse 1 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 28
      Introduction Job, in showing the vanity of human pursuits in reference to genuine wisdom, mentions mining for and refining gold and silver, Job 28:1; iron and other minerals, Job 28:2; the difficulties of mining, Job 28:3, Job 28:4; produce of grain for ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 29
      Introduction Job laments his present condition, and gives an affecting account of his former prosperity, having property in abundance, being surrounded by a numerous family, and enjoying every mark of the approbation of God, Job 29:1-6. Speaks of the res ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 3
      Introduction Job curses the day of his birth, and regrets that he ever saw the light, Job 3:1-12. Describes the empire of death and its inhabitants, Job 3:13-19. Regrets that he is appointed to live in the midst of sorrows, for the calamities which he fe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 30
      Introduction Job proceeds to lament the change of his former condition, and the contempt into which his adversity had brought him, Job 30:1-15. Pathetically describes the afflictions of his body and mind, vv. 16-31. Verse 1 But now they that are youn ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 31
      Introduction Job makes a solemn protestation of his chastity and integrity, Job 31:1-12; of his humanity, Job 31:13-16; of his charity and mercy, Job 31:17-23; of his abhorrence of covetousness and idolatry, Job 31:24-32; and of his readiness to acknowle ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 32
      Introduction Elihu comes forward, and empresses his disapprobation both of Job and his three friends - with the one for justifying himself; and with the others for taking up the subject in a wrong point of view, and not answering satisfactorily - and mak ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 33
      Introduction Elihu offers himself in God‘s stead to reason with Job in meekness and sincerity, Job 33:1-7. Charges Job with irreverent expressions, Job 33:8-12. Vindicates the providence of God, and shows the various methods which he uses to bring sinn ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 34
      Introduction Elihu begins with an exhortation to Job‘s friends, Job 34:1-4; charges Job with accusing God of acting unrighteously, which he shows is impossible, Job 34:5-12; points out the power and judgments of the Almighty, vv. 13-30; shows how men s ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 35
      Introduction Elihu accuses Job of impious speeches, Job 35:1-4. No man can affect God by his iniquity, nor profit him by his righteousness, Job 35:5-8. Many are afflicted and oppressed, but few cry to God for help; and, for want of faith, they continue i ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 36
      Introduction Elihu vindicates God‘s justice, and his providential and gracious dealings with men, Job 36:1-9. Promises of God to the obedient, and threatenings to the disobedient; also promises to the poor and afflicted, Job 36:10-16. Sundry proofs of ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 37
      Introduction Elihu continues to set forth the wisdom and omnipotence of God, as manifested in the thunder and lightning, Job 37:1-5; in the snows and frosts, Job 37:6-8; in various meteors; and shows the end for which they are sent, Job 37:9-13. Job is e ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 38
      Introduction The Lord answers Job out of a whirlwind, and challenges him to answer, Job 38:1-3. He convinces him of ignorance and weakness, by an enumeration of some of his mighty works; particularly of the creation of the earth, Job 38:4-7. The sea and ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 39
      Introduction Several animals described: the wild goats and hinds, Job 39:1-4. The wild ass, Job 39:5-8. The unicorn, Job 39:9-12. The peacock and ostrich, Job 39:13-18. The war-horse, Job 39:19-25. The hawk, Job 39:26. And the eagle and her brood, Job 39 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 4
      Introduction Eliphaz answers; and accuses Job of impatience, and of despondence in the time of adversity, Job 4:1-6; asserts that no innocent man ever perished, and that the wicked are afflicted for their sins, Job 4:7-11; relates a vision that he had, J ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 40
      Introduction Job humbles himself before the Lord, Job 40:1-5. And God again challenges him by a display of his power and judgments, Job 40:6-14. A description of behemoth, Job 40:15-24. Verse 1 Moreover the Lord answered - That is, the Lord continued ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 41
      Introduction God‘s great power in the leviathan, of which creature he gives a very circumstantial description, vv. 1-34. Verse 1 Canst thou draw out leviathan - We come now to a subject not less perplexing than that over which we have passed, and a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 42
      Introduction Job humbles himself before God, Job 42:1-6. God accepts him; censures his three friends; and commands Job to offer sacrifices for then, that he might pardon and accept them, as they had not spoken what was right concerning their Maker, Job 4 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 5
      Introduction Eliphaz proceeds to show that the wicked are always punished by the justice of God, though they may appear to flourish for a time, Job 5:1-8; extols the providence of God, by which the counsels of the wicked are brought to naught, and the po ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 6
      Introduction Job answers, and vindicates himself; and shows that the great affliction which he suffered was the cause of his complaining, by which life was rendered burdensome to him, Job 6:1-13. He complains that, whereas he expected consolation from hi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 7
      Introduction Job continues to deplore his helpless and afflicted state, Job 7:1-6. He expostulates with God concerning his afflictions, Job 7:7-12; describes the disturbed state of his mind by visions in the night season; abhors life, Job 7:13-16; and, s ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 8
      Introduction Bildad answers, and reproves Job for his justifying himself, Job 8:1, Job 8:2. Shows that God is just, and never punishes but for iniquity; and intimates that it was on account of their sins that his children were cut off, Job 8:3, Job 8:4. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 9
      Introduction Job acknowledges God‘s justice and man‘s sinfulness, Job 9:1-3. Celebrates his almighty power as manifested in the earth and in the heavens, Job 9:4-10. Maintains that God afflicts the innocent as well as the wicked, without any respect ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job overview
      Preface to the Book of Job This is the most singular book in the whole of the Sacred Code: though written by the same inspiration, and in reference to the same end, the salvation of men, it is so different from every other book of the Bible, that it se ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joel 1
      Introduction This and the beginning of the next chapter contain a double prophecy, applicable in its primary sense to a plague of locusts which was to devour the land, and to be accompanied with a severe drought and famine; and in its secondary sense it ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joel 2
      Introduction The prophet sounds the alarm of a dreadful calamity, the description of which is most terribly worked up, Joel 2:1-11. Exhortation to repentance, fasting, and prayer, that the Divine judgments may be averted, Joel 2:12-17. God will in due ti ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joel 3
      Introduction The prophecy in this chapter is thought by some to relate to the latter times of the world, when God shall finally deliver his people from all their adversaries; and it must be confessed that the figures employed are so lofty as to render it ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joel overview
      Introduction to the Book of the Prophet Joel Joel, the son of Pethuel, the second of the twelve minor prophets, was, as is said, of the tribe of Reuben, and city of Bethoran; or rather Betharan, for Bethoran was on this side Jordan, in the tribe of Eph ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jonah 1
      Introduction Jonah, sent to Nineveh, flees to Tarshish, Jonah 1:1-3. He is overtaken by a great tempest, Jonah 1:4-14; thrown into the sea, Jonah 1:15, Jonah 1:16; and swallowed by a fish, in the belly of which he is miraculously preserved alive three da ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jonah 2
      Introduction This chapter (except the first verse and the last, which make a part of the narrative) contains a beautiful prayer or hymn, formed of those devout thoughts which Jonah had in the belly of the great fish, with a thanksgiving for his miraculou ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jonah 3
      Introduction Jonah is sent again to Nineveh, a city of three days‘ journey, (being sixty miles in circumference, according to Diodorus Siculus), Jonah 3:1-4. The inhabitants, in consequence of the prophet‘s preaching, repent in dust and ashes, Jonah ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jonah 4
      Introduction Jonah, dreading to be thought a false prophet, repines at God‘s mercy in sparing the Ninevites, whose destruction he seems to have expected, from his retiring to a place without the city about the close of the forty days. But how does he g ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jonah overview
      Introduction to the Book of the Prophet Jonah Jonah, the son of Amittai, the fifth of the minor prophets, was a Galilean, a native of Gath-hepher, which is believed to be the same as Jotapata, celebrated for the siege which Josephus the historian there ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 1
      Introduction Moses being dead, God commissions Joshua to bring the people into the promised land, Joshua 1:1, Joshua 1:2. The extent of the land to be possessed, Joshua 1:3, Joshua 1:4. Joshua is assured of victory over all his enemies, and is exhorted t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 10
      Introduction Adoni-zedec, king of Jerusalem, hearing of the capture of Ai, and that the Gibeonites had made peace with Israel, calls to his assistance four other kings to fight against Gibeon, Joshua 10:1-4. They join forces, and encamp against Gibeon, J ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 11
      Introduction The Kings of Hazor, Madon, Shimron, and Achshaph, with those of the mountains, plains, etc., and various chiefs of the Canaanites and Amorites, confederate against Israel, Joshua 11:1-3. They pitch their tents at the waters of Merom, Joshua ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 12
      Introduction A list of the kings on the east of Jordan, which were conquered by Moses, with their territories, Joshua 12:1-6. A list of those on the west side of Jordan, conquered by Joshua, in number thirty-one, vv. 7-24. Verse 1 From the river Arno ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 13
      Introduction Joshua being old, the Lord informs him of the land yet remaining to be possessed, Joshua 13:1. Of the unconquered land among the Philistines, Joshua 13:2, Joshua 13:3. Among the Canaanites, Sidonians, and Amorites, Joshua 13:4, Joshua 13:5. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 14
      Introduction Eleazar, Joshua, and the heads of the fathers, distribute the land by lot to the people, Joshua 14:1-3. The Levites receive no land, but cities to dwell in, and suburbs for their cattle, Joshua 14:4, Joshua 14:5. Caleb requests to have Mount ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 15
      Introduction The lot of the tribe of Judah described, Joshua 15:1. Their south border, Joshua 15:2-4. Their east border, Joshua 15:5-11. Their west border, Joshua 15:12. Caleb‘s conquest, Joshua 15:13-15. Promises his daughter to the person who should ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 16
      Introduction Borders of the children of Joseph, Joshua 16:1-4. The borders of the Ephraimites, Joshua 16:5-9. The Canaanites dwell tributary among them, Joshua 16:10. Verse 1 The children of Joseph - Ephraim and Manasseh, and their descendants. The l ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 17
      Introduction The lot of the half tribe of Manasseh, Joshua 17:1, Joshua 17:2. Case of the daughters of Zelophehad, Joshua 17:3-6. The borders of Manasseh described, Joshua 17:7-11. The Canaanites dwell among them, but are laid under tribute, Joshua 17:12 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 18
      Introduction The tabernacle is set up at Shiloh, Joshua 18:1. Seven of the tribes having not yet received their inheritance, Joshua 18:2. Joshua orders three men from each tribe to be chosen, and sent to examine the land and divide it into seven parts, w ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 19
      Introduction The lot of Simeon, Joshua 19:1-9. Of Zebulun, Joshua 19:10-16. Of Issachar, Joshua 19:17-23. Of Asher, Joshua 19:24-31. Of Naphtali, Joshua 19:32-39. Of Dan, Joshua 19:40-48. Joshua‘s portion, Joshua 19:49, Joshua 19:50. The conclusion of ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 2
      Introduction Joshua sends out two spies to examine the state of the inhabitants of the land, particularly those of Jericho, who are entertained at the house of Rahab, Joshua 2:1. The king of Jericho is informed of their being in the town, and sends to Ra ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Joshua 20
      Introduction Joshua is commanded to appoint cities of refuge, Joshua 20:1, Joshua 20:2. The purpose of their institution, Joshua 20:3-6. Three cities are appointed in the promised land, Joshua 20:7; and three on the east side of Jordan, Joshua 20:8, Josh ... read more

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