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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 551 to 600 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 26
      Introduction Jeremiah, by the commend of God, goes into the court of the Lord‘s house; and foretells the destruction of the temple and city, if not prevented by the speedy repentance of the people, Jeremiah 26:1-7. By this unwelcome prophecy his life w ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 27
      Introduction Ambassadors being come from several neighboring nations to solicit the king of Judah to join in a confederacy against the king of Babylon, Jeremiah is commanded to put bands and yokes upon his neck, (the emblems of subjection and slavery), a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 28
      Introduction One of those pretended prophets spoken of on the preceding chapter, having contrasted and opposed Jeremiah, receives an awful declaration that, as a proof to the people of his having spoken without commission, he should die in the then curre ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 29
      Introduction This chapter contains the substance of two letters sent by the prophet to the captives in Babylon. In the first he recommends to them patience and composure under their present circumstances, which were to endure for seventy years, Jeremiah ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 3
      Introduction The first five verses of this chapter allude to the subject of the last; and contain earnest exhortations to repentance, with gracious promises of pardon, notwithstanding every aggravation of guilt, Jeremiah 3:1-5. At the sixth verse a new s ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 30
      Introduction This and the following chapter must relate to a still future restoration of the posterity of Jacob from their several dispersions, as no deliverance hitherto afforded them comes up to the terms of it; for, after the return from Babylon, they ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 31
      Introduction This chapter continues the subject of the preceding in a beautiful vision represented at a distant period. God is introduced expressing his continual regard for Israel, and promising to restore them to their land and liberty, Jeremiah 31:1-5 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 32
      Introduction Jeremiah, now confined for his faithful admonitions, foretells the fate of the king and city, Jeremiah 32:1-5. According to the direction of God, he buys of his cousin Hanameel a field in Anathoth; the contract, or deed of sale, being subscr ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 33
      Introduction In this chapter the prophet predicts a restoration of Israel and Judah to the favor of God, attended with such glorious circumstances as shall astonish all the world, Jeremiah 33:1-9. Their prosperity from that period is then described by a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 34
      Introduction This chapter contains two prophecies: the first, delivered during the siege of Jerusalem, predicts to Zedekiah the taking and burning of the city, with his own peaceful death and honorable burial, Jeremiah 34:1-7. The second was delivered wh ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 35
      Introduction Jeremiah is commanded to go to the Rechabites, who, on the approach of the Chaldean army, took refuge in Jerusalem; and to try their obedience to the command of Jonadab, (or Jehonadab, 2 Kings 10:15, 2 Kings 10:16), their great progenitor, w ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 36
      Introduction God commands Jeremiah to write down in one roll or volume all the predictions he had uttered against Israel and Judah, and all the surrounding nations, from the day of his vocation to the prophetic office, that the house of Judah might have ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 37
      Introduction Zedekiah succeeds Coniah, the son of Jehoiakim, in the Jewish throne, and does that which is evil in the sight of the Lord, Jeremiah 37:1, Jeremiah 37:2. The king sends a message to Jeremiah, Jeremiah 37:3-5. God suggests an answer; and fore ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 38
      Introduction The princes of Judah, taking offense at Jeremiah on account of his predicting the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple by the Chaldeans, cause him to be cast into a deep and miry dungeon, Jeremiah 38:1-6. Ebed-melech, an Ethiopian, gets t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 39
      Introduction This chapter gives an account of the siege and taking of Jerusalem; the flight, capture, and punishment of Zedekiah; the burning of the city; and the carrying away of the people, (a few of the meanest excepted), to Babylon, Jeremiah 39:1-10; ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 4
      Introduction Sequel of the exhortations and promises addressed to Israel in the preceding chapter, Jeremiah 4:1, Jeremiah 4:2. The prophet then addresses the people of Judah and Jerusalem, exhorting to repentance and reformation, that the dreadful visita ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 40
      Introduction This and the four following chapters contain a distinct account of what passed in the land of Judah from the taking of Jerusalem to the retreat of the remnant of the people to Egypt; together with the prophecies of Jeremiah concerning that p ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 41
      Introduction Ishmael executes his conspiracy against Gedaliah the governor and his companions, and attempts to carry away the Jews who were with him captives to the Ammonites, Jeremiah 41:1-10; but Johanan recovers them, and purposes to flee into Egypt, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 42
      Introduction Johanan and the remnant of the people desire Jeremiah to ask counsel of God what they should do, Jeremiah 42:1-3. The prophet assures them of safety in Judea, but destruction in Egypt, Jeremiah 42:4-18; and reproves their hypocrisy in asking ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 43
      Introduction The leading men, discrediting Jeremiah‘s prophecy, carry the people into Egypt, Jeremiah 43:1-7. Jeremiah, by a type, foretells the conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar, Jeremiah 43:8-13. This mode of conveying instruction by actions was ve ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 44
      Introduction Jeremiah reproves the Jews in Egypt for continuing in idolatry after the exemplary judgments indicted by God on their nation for that sin, Jeremiah 44:1-14; and, upon their refusing to reform, denounces destruction to them, and to that kingd ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 45
      Introduction This chapter is evidently connected with the subject treated of in the thirty-sixth. Baruch, who had written the prophecies of Jeremiah, and read them publicly in the temple, and afterwards to many of the princes, is in great affliction beca ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 46
      Introduction The difference between the preceding and the subsequent prophecies in point of composition is very remarkable; the last excelling much in majesty and elegance. This chapter (of which the first verse forms a general title to this and the five ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 47
      Introduction Among the nations doomed to suffer from the hostilities of Nebuchadnezzar are the Philistines, (see Jeremiah 25:20.) And the calamities predicted in this chapter befell them probably during the long siege of Tyre, when their country was deso ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 48
      Introduction The following prophecy concerning the Moabites is supposed to have had its accomplishment during the long siege of Tyre in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar. The whole of this chapter is poetry of the first order. The distress of the cities of Moa ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 49
      Introduction This chapter is a collection of prophecies relating to several nations in the neighborhood of Judea; and, like those preceding, are supposed to have been fulfilled by the ministry of Nebuchadnezzar during the thirteen years‘ siege of Tyre. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 5
      Introduction The prophet, having described the judgments impending over his countrymen, enlarges on the corruptions which prevailed among them. Their profession of religion was all false and hypocritical, Jeremiah 5:1, Jeremiah 5:2. Though corrected, the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 50
      Introduction This and the following chapter contain a prophecy relating to the fall of Babylon, interspersed with several predictions relative to the restoration of Israel and Judah, who were to survive their oppressors, and, on their repentance, to be p ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 51
      Introduction Sequel of the prophecies of Jeremiah against Babylon. The dreadful, sudden, and final ruin that shall fall upon the Chaldeans, who have compelled the nations to receive their idolatrous rites, (see an instance in the third chapter of Daniel) ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 52
      Introduction This chapter was added after Jeremiah‘s time probably by Ezra, after the return from the captivity, of which it gives a short account, nearly the same as in 2 Kings 24:18-20, and 2 Kings 24:18-20. It is very properly subjoined to the prece ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 6
      Introduction Jeremiah, in the spirit of prophecy, seeing the Chaldeans on their march, bids his people set up the usual signals of distress, and spread the general alarm to betake themselves to flight, Jeremiah 6:1. Then, by a beautiful allusion to the c ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 7
      Introduction Mere begins another section of prophecy, ending with the ninth chapter. It opens with exhorting to amendment of life, without which the confidence of the Jews in their temple is declared vain, Jeremiah 7:1-11. God bids them take warning from ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 8
      Introduction The judgments threatened in the last chapter are here declared to extend to the very dead, whose tombs should be opened, and the carcasses treated with every mark of indignity, Jeremiah 8:1-3. From this the prophet returns to reprove them fo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah 9
      Introduction The prophet bitterly laments the terrible judgments about to be inflicted upon his countrymen, and points out some of the evils which have provoked the Divine Majesty, Jeremiah 9:1-9. Judea shall be utterly desolated, and the inhabitants tra ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Jeremiah overview
      Introduction to the Book of the Prophet Jeremiah The Prophet Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah, was of the sacerdotal race, and a native of Anathoth, a village in the tribe of Benjamin, within a few miles of Jerusalem, which had been appointed for the use of th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 1
      Introduction Character of Job, Job 1:1. His family, Job 1:2. His substance, Job 1:3. Care of has family, Job 1:4, Job 1:5. Satan accuses him to God as a selfish person, who served God only for the hope of secular rewards, Job 1:6-11. Satan is permitted t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 10
      Introduction Job is weary of life, and expostulates with God, Job 10:1-6. He appeals to God for his innocence; and pleads on the weakness of his frame, and the manner of his formation, Job 10:7-13. Complains of his sufferings, and prays for respite, Job ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 11
      Introduction Zophar answers Job, and reproves him severely for his attempts to justify himself; charges him with secret iniquity, and contends that God inflicts less punishment on him than his iniquities deserve, Job 11:1-6. Shows the knowledge and perfe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 12
      Introduction Job reproves the boasting of his friends, and shows their uncharitableness towards himself, Job 12:1-5; asserts that even the tabernacles of robbers prosper; and that, notwithstanding, God is the Governor of the world; a truth which is procl ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 13
      Introduction Job defends himself against the accusations of his friends, and accuses them of endeavoring to pervert truth, Job 13:1-8. Threatens them with God‘s judgments, Job 13:9-12. Begs some respite, and expresses strong confidence in God, Job 13:1 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 14
      Introduction The shortness, misery, and sinfulness of man‘s life, Job 14:1-4. The unavoidable necessity of death; and the hope of a general resurrection, Job 14:5-15. Job deplores his own state, and the general wretchedness of man, Job 14:16-22. Ver ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 15
      Introduction Eliphaz charges Job with impiety in attempting to justify himself, Job 15:1-13; asserts the utter corruption and abominable state of man, Job 15:14-16; and, from his own knowledge and the observations of the ancients, shows the desolation to ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 16
      Introduction Job replies to Eliphaz, and through him to all his friends, who, instead of comforting him, had added to his misfortunes; and shows that, had they been in his circumstances, he would have treated them in a different manner, Job 16:1-5. Enter ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 17
      Introduction Job complains of the injustice of his friends, and compares his present state of want and wo with his former honor and affluence, Job 17:1-6. God‘s dealings with him will ever astonish upright men; yet the righteous shall not be discourage ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 18
      Introduction Bildad, in a speech of passionate invective, accuses Job of impatience and impiety, Job 18:1-4; shows the fearful end of the wicked and their posterity; and apparently applies the whole to Job, whom he threatens with the most ruinous end, vv ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 19
      Introduction Job complains of the cruelty of his friends, Job 19:1-5. Pathetically laments his sufferings, Job 19:6-12. Complains of his being forsaken by all his domestics, friends, relatives, and even his wife, Job 19:13-19. Details his sufferings in a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 2
      Introduction The sons of God once more present themselves before him; and Satan comes also, accusing Job as a person whose steadfastness would be soon shaken, provided his body were to be subjected to sore afflictions, Job 2:1-5. He receives permission t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 20
      Introduction Zophar answers Job, and largely details the wretchedness of the wicked and the hypocrite; shows that the rejoicing of such is short and transitory, Job 20:1-9. That he is punished in his family and in his person, Job 20:10-14. That he shall ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 21
      Introduction Job expresses himself as puzzled by the dispensations of Divine Providence, because of the unequal distribution of temporal goods; he shows that wicked men often live long, prosper in their families, in their flocks, and in all their substan ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary Job 22
      Introduction Eliphaz reproves Job for his attempts to clear his character and establish his innocence, Job 22:1-4. Charges him with innumerable transgressions; with oppressions towards his brethren, cruelty to the poor, hard-heartedness to the needy, and ... read more

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