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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 51 to 100 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 22
      Introduction Jehoshaphat King of Judah, and Ahab King of Israel, unite against the Syrians, in order to recover Ramoth-gilead, 1 Kings 22:1-4. They inquire of false prophets, who promise them success. Micaiah, a true prophet, foretells the disasters of t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 3
      Introduction Solomon marries Pharaoh‘s daughter, 1 Kings 3:1, 1 Kings 3:2. He serves God, and offers a thousand burnt-offerings upon one altar, at Gibeon, 1 Kings 3:3, 1 Kings 3:4. God appears to him in a dream at Gibeon; and asks what he shall give hi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 4
      Introduction An account of Solomon‘s chief officers, 1 Kings 4:1-6. Names of the twelve officers that were over twelve districts, to provide victuals for the king‘s household monthly, 1 Kings 4:7-19. Judah and Israel are very populous; and Solomon re ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 5
      Introduction Hiram, king of Tyre, sends to congratulate Solomon on his accession to the kingdom, 1 Kings 5:1. Solomon consults him on building a temple for the Lord, and requests his assistance, 1 Kings 5:2-6. Hiram is pleased and specifies the assistanc ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 6
      Introduction In the four hundred and eightieth year from the exodus, in the fourth year of Solomon‘s reign, and in the second month, he laid the foundations of the temple; the length sixty cubits, the breadth twenty, and the height thirty cubits; besid ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 7
      Introduction Solomon builds his own house, and completes it in thirteen years, 1 Kings 7:1. He builds another called the house of the forest of Lebanon; and a house for Pharaoh‘s daughter, 1 Kings 7:2-12. He brings Hiram, a coppersmith, out of Tyre, wh ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 8
      Introduction Solomon assembles the elders of Israel, and brings up the ark, and the holy vessels, and the tabernacle, out of the city of David, and places them in the temple; on which account a vast number of sheep and oxen are sacrificed, 1 Kings 8:1-8. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 9
      Introduction The Lord appears a second time to Solomon, and assures him that he had heard his prayer; and that he would establish his worship for ever in that temple, and him and his successors on the throne of Israel, provided he and they would keep his ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings overview
      Preface to the First Book of the Kings Otherwise Called the Third Book of the Kings In the most correct and ancient editions of the Hebrew Bible, the two books of Kings make but one, with sometimes a little break, the first book beginning with 1 Samue ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Peter 1
      Introduction Of the persons to whom this epistle was directed, and their spiritual state, 1 Peter 1:1, 1 Peter 1:2. He describes their privileges, and thanks God for the grace by which they were preserved faithful in trials and difficulties, 1 Peter 1:3- ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Peter 2
      Introduction We should lay aside all evil dispositions, and desire the sincere milk of the word, that we may grow thereby, 1 Peter 2:1-3. And come to God to be made living stones, and be built up into a spiritual temple, 1 Peter 2:4, 1 Peter 2:5. The pro ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Peter 3
      Introduction The duty of wives to their husbands, how they are to be adorned, and be in subjection as Sarah was to Abraham, 1 Peter 3:1-6. The duty of husbands to their wives, 1 Peter 3:7. How to obtain happiness, and live a long and useful life, 1 Peter ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Peter 4
      Introduction We should suffer patiently, after the example of Christ, 1 Peter 4:1. And no longer live according to our former custom, but disregard the scoffs of those who are incensed against us because we have forsaken their evil ways, who are shortly ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Peter 5
      Introduction Directions to the elders to feed the flock of God, and not to be lord over God‘s heritage, that when the chief Shepherd does appear, they may receive a crown of glory, 1 Peter 5:1-4. The young are to submit themselves to the elder, and to ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Peter overview
      Preface to the First and Second Epistles of Peter Dr. Lardner and Professor Michaelis have done much to remove several difficulties connected with the person of St. Peter, the people to whom he wrote, the places of their dispersion, and the time of wri ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 1
      Introduction Some account of Elkanah and his two wives, Peninnah and Hannah, 1 Samuel 1:1, 1 Samuel 1:2. His annual worship at Shiloh and the portions he gave at such times to his wives, 1 Samuel 1:3-5. Hannah, being barren, is reproached by Peninnah, es ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 10
      Introduction Samuel anoints Saul captain of the Lord‘s inheritance, 1 Samuel 10:1. Instructs him concerning his return home, whom he should meet, and what he should do, 1 Samuel 10:2-8. Saul meets a company of prophets, the Spirit of the Lord comes on ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 11
      Introduction Nahash, king of the Ammonites, besieges Jabesh-gilead; and proposes to its inhabitants the most degrading conditions of peace, 1 Samuel 11:1, 1 Samuel 11:2. They apply to their brethren for help, 1 Samuel 11:3, 1 Samuel 11:4. Saul hears of t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 12
      Introduction Samuel, grown old, testifies his integrity before the people, which they confirm, 1 Samuel 12:1-5. He reproves them for their ingratitude and disobedience; and gives a summary of the history of their fathers, 1 Samuel 12:6-12. He exhorts the ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 13
      Introduction Saul chooses a body of troops, 1 Samuel 13:1, 1 Samuel 13:2. Jonathan smites a garrison of the Philistines, 1 Samuel 13:3, 1 Samuel 13:4. The Philistines gather together an immense host against Israel, 1 Samuel 13:5. The Israelites are afrai ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 14
      Introduction Jonathan and his armor-bearer purpose to attack a garrison of the Philistines, 1 Samuel 14:1. Saul and his army, with Ahiah the priest, tarry in Gibeah, 1 Samuel 14:2, 1 Samuel 14:3. Jonathan plans his attack of the Philistine garrison, 1 Sa ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 15
      Introduction Samuel sends Saul to destroy the Amalekites, and all their substance, 1 Samuel 15:1-3. Saul collects an immense army and comes against their city, 1 Samuel 15:4, 1 Samuel 15:5. He desires the Kenites to remove from among the Amalekites, 1 Sa ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 16
      Introduction Samuel is sent from Ramah to Bethlehem, to anoint David, 1 Samuel 16:1-13. The Spirit of the Lord departs from Saul, and an evil spirit comes upon him, 1 Samuel 16:14. His servants exhort him to get a skillful harper to play before him, 1 Sa ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 17
      Introduction The Philistines gather together against Israel at Ephes-dammim, and Saul and his men pitch their camp near the valley of Elah, 1 Samuel 17:1-3. Goliath of Gath, a gigantic man, whose height was six cubits and a span, defies the armies of Isr ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 18
      Introduction Jonathan and David commence a lasting friendship; and David acts prudently with respect to Saul, 1 Samuel 18:1-5. Saul becomes jealous of David, on account of the esteem in which he is held in Israel; and, in his fury endeavors to destroy hi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 19
      Introduction Jonathan pleads for David before Saul, who is for the present reconciled, 1 Samuel 19:1-7. David defeats the Philistines; and Saul becomes again envious, and endeavors to slay him, but he escapes, 1 Samuel 19:8-10. Saul sends men to David‘ ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 2
      Introduction Hannah‘s prophetic hymn, 1 Samuel 2:1-10. Samuel ministers to the Lord, 1 Samuel 2:11. The abominable conduct of Eli‘s sons, 1 Samuel 2:12-17. Farther account of Samuel, and of the Divine blessing on Elkanah and Hannah, 1 Samuel 2:18-21. ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 20
      Introduction David complains to Jonathan of Saul‘s enmity against him; Jonathan comforts him, 1 Samuel 20:1-10. They walk out into the field, and renew their covenant, 1 Samuel 20:11-17. David asks Jonathan‘s leave to absent himself from Saul‘s cou ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 21
      Introduction David comes to Ahimelech at Nob, receives provisions from him, and the sword of Goliath; and is noticed by Doeg, one of the servants of Saul, 1 Samuel 21:1-9. He leaves Nob, and goes to Achish, king of Gath, 1 Samuel 21:10. But on being reco ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 22
      Introduction David flees to the cave of Adullam, where he is joined by four hundred men of various descriptions, 1 Samuel 22:1, 1 Samuel 22:2. He goes afterwards to Moab; and by the advice of the prophet Gad, to the forest of Hareth, 1 Samuel 22:3-5. Sau ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 23
      Introduction David succours Keilah, besieged by the Philistines; defeats them, and delivers the city, 1 Samuel 23:1-6. Saul, hearing that David was at Keilah, determines to come and seize him, 1 Samuel 23:7, 1 Samuel 23:8. David inquires of the Lord conc ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 24
      Saul is informed that David is at En-gedi, and goes to seek him with three thousand men, 1 Samuel 24:1, 1 Samuel 24:2. He goes into a cave to repose, where David and his men lay hid; who, observing this, exhort David to take away his life: David refuses, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 25
      Introduction The death of Samuel, 1 Samuel 25:1. The history of Nabal, and his churlishness towards David and his men, 1 Samuel 25:2-12. David, determining to punish him, is appeased by Abigail, Nabal‘s wife, vv. 13-35. Abigail returns, and tells Nabal ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 26
      Introduction The Ziphites inform Saul of David‘s hiding place, 1 Samuel 26:1. Saul, with three thousand men, goes in pursuit of him, 1 Samuel 26:2, 1 Samuel 26:3. David sends out spies; and finds where Saul had pitched his camp; and he and Abishai come ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 27
      Introduction David flies to Achish, king of Gath, who receives him kindly, and gives him Ziklag to dwell in, where he continues a year and four months, 1 Samuel 27:1-7. David invades the Geshurites and Amalekites, and leaves neither man nor woman alive, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 28
       Introduction The Philistines prepare to attack the Israelites, and Achish informs David that he shall accompany him to battle, 1 Samuel 28:1, 1 Samuel 28:2. Saul, unable to obtain any answer from God, applies to a witch at En-dor to bring up Samuel tha ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 29
      Introduction The Philistines gather their armies together against Israel, and encamp at Aphek; while the Israelites encamp at Jezreel, 1 Samuel 29:1. The lords of the Philistines refuse to let David go to battle with them, lest he should betray them, 1 S ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 3
      Introduction Samuel ministers to the Lord before Eli, 1 Samuel 3:1. He is thrice called by the Lord; who informs him of the evils which shall be brought on the house of Eli, 1 Samuel 3:2-15. Eli inquires of Samuel what the Lord had said, 1 Samuel 3:16, 1 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 30
      Introduction While David is absent with the army of Achish, the Amalekites invade Ziklag, and burn it with fire, and carry away captive David‘s wives, and those of his men, 1 Samuel 30:1, 1 Samuel 30:2. David and his men return; and, finding the desola ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 31
      Introduction A battle in Mount Gilboa between Israel and the Philistines; in which the former are defeated, and Saul‘s three sons slain, 1 Samuel 31:1, 1 Samuel 31:2. Saul, being mortally wounded, and afraid to fall alive into the hands of the Philisti ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 4
      Introduction A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2. They resolve to give the Philistines battle once more, and bring the ark of the Lord, with Hophni ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 5
      Introduction The Philistines set up the ark in the temple of Dagon at Ashdod; whose image is found next morning prostrate before it, broken in pieces, 1 Samuel 5:1-5. The Philistines are also smitten with a sore disease, 1 Samuel 5:6. The people of Ashdo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 6
      Introduction After the ark had been seven months in the land of the Philistines, they consult their priests and diviners about sending it to Shiloh, 1 Samuel 6:1, 1 Samuel 6:2. They advise that it be sent back with a trespass-offering of five golden emer ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 7
      Introduction The men of Kirjah-jearim bring the ark from Beth-shemesh, and consecrate Eleazar, the son of Abinadab, to keep it; and there it continued twenty years, 1 Samuel 7:1, 1 Samuel 7:2. Samuel reproves and exhorts the people, and gathers them toge ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 8
      Introduction Samuel, grown old, makes his sons judges in Beer-sheba, 1 Samuel 8:1, 1 Samuel 8:2. They pervert judgment; and the people complain, and desire a king, 1 Samuel 8:3-5. Samuel is displeased, and inquires of the Lord, 1 Samuel 8:6. The Lord is ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel 9
      Introduction Saul‘s lineage and description; he is sent by his father to seek some lost asses, 1 Samuel 9:1-5. Not finding them, he purposes to go and consult Samuel concerning the proper method of proceeding, 1 Samuel 9:6-14. The Lord informs Samuel t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Samuel overview
      Preface to the First Book of Samuel Otherwise Called The First Book of the Kings This and the three following books were formerly termed the first, second, third, and fourth books of Kings, and the two books of Samuel made in ancient times but one; th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 1
      Introduction Solomon, and the chiefs of the congregation, go to Gibeon, where was the tabernacle of the Lord, and the brazen altar; and there he offers a thousand sacrifices, 2 Chronicles 1:1-6. The Lord appears to him in a dream, and gives him permissio ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 10
      Introduction The people apply to Rehoboam to ease them of their burdens, 2 Chronicles 10:1-4. Rejecting the advice of the aged counsellors, and following that of the young men, he gives them an ungracious answer, 2 Chronicles 10:5-14. The people are disc ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 2 Chronicles 11
      Introduction Rehoboam raises an array, purposing to reduce the ten tribes; but is prevented by Shemaiah the prophet, 2 Chronicles 11:1-4. He builds several cities of defense, and fortifies others, 2 Chronicles 11:5-12. The priests and Levites being turne ... read more

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