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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke (1762 - 1832)

Read freely text sermons and articles by the speaker Adam Clarke in text and pdf format. Was a British Methodist theologian and Biblical scholar. He is chiefly remembered for writing a commentary on the Bible which took him 40 years to complete and which was a primary Methodist theological resource for two centuries. Contained in 6 volumes, consisting of nearly 1,000 pages each, it was considered the most comprehensive commentary on the Bible ever prepared by one man.

As a theologian, Clarke reinforced the teachings of Methodist founder John Wesley. He taught that the Bible provides a complete interpretation of God's nature and will. He considered Scripture itself a miracle of God's grace that "takes away the veil of darkness and ignorance." With such an understanding, Clarke was first and foremost a Biblical theologian, often uneasy with purely systematic approaches to theology.

showing from 1 to 50 of 1015 articles

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 1
      Introduction The genealogy of Adam to Noah, 1 Chronicles 1:1-3. Of Noah to Abraham, vv. 4-27. The sons of Abraham, Ishmael, and Isaac, 1 Chronicles 1:28. The sons of Ishmael, 1 Chronicles 1:29, 1 Chronicles 1:33. The sons of Esau, 1 Chronicles 1:34-42. A ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 10
      Introduction A fatal battle between the Israelites and Philistines in Gilboa, in which Saul is mortally wounded, and has three sons slain, 1 Chronicles 10:1-6. The Israelites being totally routed, the Philistines, coming to strip the dead, find Saul and ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 11
      Introduction David is anointed king in Hebron, 1 Chronicles 11:1-3. He wars against the Jebusites, and takes their city, 1 Chronicles 11:4-9. An account of David‘s three mightiest heroes; and particularly of their hazardous exploit in bringing water fr ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 12
      Introduction The different persons, captains, etc., who joined themselves to David at Ziklag, vv. 1-22. Those who joined him at Hebron, out of the different tribes; Judah, Simeon, Levi, the house of Aaron, Benjamin, Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 13
      Introduction David consults with his officers, and resolves to bring back the ark from the house of Abinadab, 1 Chronicles 13:1-4. They place it on a new cart, and Uzza and Ahio drive the cart; the oxen stumbling, Uzza puts forth his hand to save the ark ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 14
      Introduction Hiram sends artificers and materials to David, to build him a house, 1 Chronicles 14:1, 1 Chronicles 14:2. David‘s wives and children, 1 Chronicles 14:3-7. He defeats the Philistines in two battles: one in the valley of Rephaim, 1 Chronicl ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 15
      Introduction David prepares to bring home the ark, and musters the Levites, 1 Chronicles 15:1-11. They sanctify themselves, and bear the ark upon their shoulders, 1 Chronicles 15:12-15. The solemnities observed on the occasion, 1 Chronicles 15:16-26. Dav ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 16
      Introduction David brings the ark into its tent; and offers sacrifices, peace-offerings, and burnt-offerings, 1 Chronicles 16:1, 1 Chronicles 16:2; and gives portions to the people of Israel, 1 Chronicles 16:3. He appoints proper ministers and officers f ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 17
      Introduction David consults Nathan about building a temple for God, 1 Chronicles 17:1, 1 Chronicles 17:2. God sends him an answer by Nathan, informing him that Solomon shall build the house, 1 Chronicles 17:3-14. David receives the Divine purpose with hu ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 18
      Introduction David smites the Philistines, and takes Gath, 1 Chronicles 18:1. Reduces the Moabites, 1 Chronicles 18:2. Vanquishes Hadarezer, king of Zobah, 1 Chronicles 18:3, 1 Chronicles 18:4. Overcomes the Syrians of Damascus, and takes several of thei ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 19
      Introduction David sends a congratulatory message to Hanun, king of Ammon, 1 Chronicles 19:1, 1 Chronicles 19:2. He treats the messengers with great incivility, 1 Chronicles 19:3, 1 Chronicles 19:4. David is exasperated, but condoles with the degraded me ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 2
      Introduction The twelve sons of Jacob, 1 Chronicles 2:1, 1 Chronicles 2:2. The posterity of Judah down to David, 1 Chronicles 2:3-15. The posterity of the children of Jesse and Caleb, vv. 16-55. Verse 1 These are the sons of Israel - For this genealo ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 20
      Introduction Joab smites the city of Rabbah; and David puts the crown of its king upon his own head, and treats the people of the city with great rigour, 1 Chronicles 20:1-3. First battle with the Philistines, 1 Chronicles 20:4. Second battle with the Ph ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 21
      Introduction David is tempted by Satan to take the numbers of the people of Israel and Judah, 1 Chronicles 21:1, 1 Chronicles 21:2. Joab remonstrates, but the king is determined, and Joab pleads in vain, 1 Chronicles 21:3, 1 Chronicles 21:4. He returns, ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 22
      Introduction David makes great preparations for building a temple to the Lord, 1 Chronicles 22:1-5; gives the necessary directions to Solomon concerning it, 1 Chronicles 22:6-16; and exhorts the princes of Israel to assist in the undertaking, 1 Chronicle ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 23
      Introduction David makes Solomon king, 1 Chronicles 23:1. Numbers the Levites, and appoints them their work, 1 Chronicles 23:2-5. The sons of Levi, Gershom, Kohath, Merari, and their descendants, 1 Chronicles 23:6-12. The sons of Amram, and their descend ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 24
      Introduction David divides the families of Eleazar and Ithamar, by lot, into twenty-four courses, vv. 1-19. How the rest of the sons of Levi were disposed of, 1 Chronicles 24:20-31. Verse 2 Nadab and Abihu died before their father - That is, during h ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 25
      Introduction The number and offices of the singers and players on musical instruments; and their division by lot into twenty-four courses, vv. 1-31. Verse 1 David and the captains of the host - The chiefs of those who formed the several orders: not m ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 26
      Introduction The divisions of the porters, 1 Chronicles 26:1-12. The gates assigned to them, 1 Chronicles 26:13-19. Those who were over the treasures, 1 Chronicles 26:20-28. Different officers, 1 Chronicles 26:29-32. Verse 1 The divisions of the port ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 27
      Introduction An account of the twelve captains who were over the monthly course of twenty-four thousand men; each captain serving one month in turn, 1 Chronicles 27:1. The names of the twelve, and the months in which they served, 1 Chronicles 27:2-15. Th ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 28
      Introduction David assembles the princes of Israel, and informs them that the temple was to be built by Solomon; to whom God had given the most gracious promises, 1 Chronicles 28:1-7. He exhorts them and him to be obedient to God, that they might continu ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 29
      Introduction David enumerates the gifts which he designed for the building of the temple; and exhorts the princes and people to make their offerings, 1 Chronicles 29:1-5. They offer willingly, and to a great amount, 1 Chronicles 29:6-9. David‘s thanksg ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 3
      Introduction The children of David which were born to him in Hebron, 1 Chronicles 3:1-4. Those born to him in Jerusalem, 1 Chronicles 3:5-9. The regal line from Solomon, 1 Chronicles 3:10-24. Verse 1 The second, Daniel - In 2 Samuel 3:3, this person ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 4
      Introduction A second genealogy of Judah, vv. 1-23. The account of Jabez, 1 Chronicles 4:9, 1 Chronicles 4:10. The genealogy of Simeon, 1 Chronicles 4:24-27. Their cities, 1 Chronicles 4:28-31. Their villages, and where situated, 1 Chronicles 4:32, 1 Chr ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 5
      Introduction The genealogies of Reuben, 1 Chronicles 5:1-10. Of Gad, 1 Chronicles 5:11-17. The exploits of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, 1 Chronicles 5:18-22. The genealogy of the half tribe of Manasseh, 1 Chronicles 5:23, 1 Chronicles 5:2 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 6
      Introduction The genealogy of Levi and Aaron, vv. 1-30. The offices of the priests and Levites, vv. 31-53. The cities assigned them, vv. 54-81. Verse 1 The sons of Levi - It has been well remarked that the genealogy of Levi is given here more ample a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 7
      Introduction The genealogy of Issachar, 1 Chronicles 7:1-5. Of Benjamin, 1 Chronicles 7:6-12. Of Naphtali, 1 Chronicles 7:13. Of Manasseh, 1 Chronicles 7:14-19. Of Ephraim, 1 Chronicles 7:20-29. And of Asher, 1 Chronicles 7:30-40. Verse 2 Whose numbe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 8
      Introduction The genealogy of Benjamin down to Saul, vv. 1-32. The children and descendants of Saul, 1 Chronicles 8:33-40. Verse 1 Now Benjamin begat, etc. - See what has been said on the preceding chapter, 1 Chronicles 7:6 (note). Verse 9 He beg ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles 9
      Introduction All Israel reckoned by genealogies, 1 Chronicles 9:1. The first inhabitants of Jerusalem, after their return from their captivity, who were chiefs of the fathers, 1 Chronicles 9:2-9. Of the priests, 1 Chronicles 9:10-13; Levites, 1 Chronicle ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Chronicles overview
      Preface to the Two Books of Chronicles Anciently these two books were considered but as one: for this we have not only the testimony of St. Jerome, but also that of the Masoretes, who gave the sum of all the sections, chapters, and verses, under one no ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 John 1
      Introduction The testimony of the apostle concerning the reality of the person and doctrine of Christ; and the end for which he bears this testimony, 1 John 1:1-4. God is light, and none can have fellowship with him who do not walk in the light; those wh ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 John 2
      Introduction He exhorts them not to sin; yet encourages those who may have fallen, by the hope of mercy through Christ, who is a propitiation for the sins of the whole world, 1 John 2:1, 1 John 2:2. He who knows God keeps his commandments; and he who pro ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 John 3
      Introduction The extraordinary love of God towards mankind, and the effects of it, 1 John 3:1-3. Sin is the transgression of the law, and Christ was manifested to take away our sins, 1 John 3:4-6. The children of God are known by the holiness of their li ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 John 4
      Introduction We must not believe every teacher who professes to have a Divine commission to preach, but try such, whether they be of God; and the more so because many false prophets are gone out into the world, 1 John 4:1. Those who deny that Jesus Chris ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 John 5
      Introduction He that believeth is born of God; loves God and his children; and keeps his commandments, which are not grievous, 1 John 5:1-3. Faith in Christ overcomes the world, 1 John 5:4, 1 John 5:5. The three earthly and heavenly witnesses, 1 John 5:6 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 John overview
      Preface to the First Epistle of John As the author of this epistle is the same who wrote the gospel, I need not detain the reader with any particulars of his life, having taken up the subject pretty much at large in my preface to his gospel, to which I ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 1
      Introduction David, grown old, is, by the advice of his physicians, cherished by Abishag the Shunammite, 1 Kings 1:1-4. Adonijah conspires with Joab and Abiathar to seize on the government, 1 Kings 1:5-10. Nathan and Bathsheba communicate these tidings t ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 10
      Introduction The queen of Sheba visits Solomon, and brings rich presents; and tries him by hard questions, which he readily solves, 1 Kings 10:1-3. She expresses great surprise at his wisdom, his buildings, his court, etc.; and praises God for placing hi ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 11
      Introduction Solomon‘s attachment to strange women, and consequent idolatry, 1 Kings 11:1, 1 Kings 11:2. Number of his wives and concubines, 1 Kings 11:3. In his old age they turn away his heart from God, 1 Kings 11:4. He builds temples to idols, burns ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 12
      Introduction The people go to Shechem to make Rehoboam king, and send for Jeroboam out of Egypt, who with the heads of the tribes, requests relief from the heavy burdens laid on them by Solomon, 1 Kings 12:1-4. He requires three days to consider their pe ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 13
      Introduction A man of God prophesies against Jeroboam‘s altar, and foretells the destruction of that altar, and of its idolatrous priests by Josiah; and gives Jeroboam a sign that the prophecy should be accomplished, 1 Kings 13:1-3. Jeroboam is enraged ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 14
      Introduction Abijah, son of Jeroboam, falls sick, 1 Kings 14:1. Jeroboam sends his wife disguised to Ahijah the prophet, and with her a present, to inquire concerning his son, 1 Kings 14:2-4. Ahijah discovers her by a Divine intimation and delivers to he ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 15
      Introduction Abijam‘s wicked reign, and death, 1 Kings 15:1-8. Asa succeeds him in the kingdom of Judah, and rules well, 1 Kings 15:9-15. He makes a league with the king of Syria against Baasha king of Israel, who is obliged to desist in his attempts a ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 16
      Introduction Jehu the prophet denounces the destruction of Baasha, 1 Kings 16:1-7. Zimri conspires against him, and slays him and his family, and reigns seven days, 1 Kings 16:8-15. The people make Omri king, and besiege Zimri in Tirzah; who, finding no ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 17
      Introduction Elijah‘s message to Ahab concerning the three years‘ drought, 1 Kings 17:1. He is commanded to go to the brook Cherith; where he is fed by ravens, 1 Kings 17:2-7. He afterwards goes to a widow‘s house at Zarephath, and miraculously mul ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 18
      Introduction Elijah is commanded by the Lord to show himself to Ahab, 1 Kings 18:1, 1 Kings 18:2. Ahab, and Obadiah his steward, search the land to find provender for the cattle, Obadiah 1:3-6. Obadiah meets Elijah, who commands him to inform Ahab that h ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 19
      Introduction Ahab tells Jezebel what Elijah had done; she is enraged, and threatens to take away his life, 1 Kings 19:1, 1 Kings 19:2. He leaves Jezreel, and comes to Beer-sheba, and thence to the wilderness, where he is fed and encouraged by an angel, 1 ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 2
      Introduction David leaves his dying charge with Solomon, relative to his own personal conduct, 1 Kings 2:1-4; to Joab, 1 Kings 2:5, 1 Kings 2:6; to Barzillai, 1 Kings 2:7; to Shimei, 1 Kings 2:8, 1 Kings 2:9. He dies, and Solomon is established in the ki ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 20
      Introduction Ben-hadad, king of Syria, and thirty-two kings, besiege Samaria, 1 Kings 20:1. He sends an insulting message to Ahab; and insists on pillaging the whole city, 1 Kings 20:2-7. The elders of Israel counsel the king not to submit to such shamef ... read more

Adam Clarke Commentary 1 Kings 21
      Introduction Ahab covets the vineyard of Naboth, and wishes to have it either by purchase or exchange, 1 Kings 21:1, 1 Kings 21:2. Naboth refuses to alienate it on any account, because it was his inheritance from his fathers, 1 Kings 21:3. Ahab becomes d ... read more

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